課程資訊
課程名稱
伊斯蘭歷史與文化
Islamic History and Culture 
開課學期
101-1 
授課對象
文學院  外國語文學系  
授課教師
初雅士 
課號
FL4132 
課程識別碼
102 48050 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
必修 
上課時間
星期三7,8(14:20~16:20) 
上課地點
共306 
備註
總人數上限:20人 
 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

The religion of Islam was founded roughly 1400 years ago in Arabia. Since that time, Islam has grown into the world's second largest religion with adherents found around the globe. Over the past years, knowledge of Islam, its history, culture and people has become vital role in political situation and recent events (Revolution, fundamentalism, suicide bombers, and women’s veil) that affect our daily lives. But are they truly representative? How do they fit into the history of contemporary Muslim society? An Introduction to Islamic Civilization and culture will provide a background and broadened perspective of these facets through readings classroom lectures, visual and audio media. We will discuss and apply the historical, geographical and ethnographical highlights within a modern cultural context.
This is not a course dedicated solely to the Modern Middle East. Instead we will be looking at the length and breadth of the Muslim world. In particular, we will focus on the role of social, cultural and intellectual institutions in the development of contemporary Muslim society. In addition, we will explore issues such as gender, class, race and inter-religious relations as a way to better understand the Islamic past and present. In briefly this course provides an introduction to Islamic culture and the Muslim World, the beliefs, including the social, political, and spiritual aspects.

Instructional Methods
1. Presentations by the instructor, Multimedia presentations
2. Videos
3. Discussion.
 

課程目標
a) Gain an understanding of the religious history and current affairs of Islam and be able to think and argue intelligently about the subject.
b) Expanding personal knowledge and opinion of current events in the light of Islamic cultural understanding.
c) Gaining an awareness of the historical, philosophical, aesthetic, religious, and sociological and gender related issues that shape Islamic lifestyles today.
d) Encourage students to reflect on contemporary issues
e) To enriches student’s understanding of the major historical periods in different civilizations
f) Learn more about the dynasties and religious thought of early Islam, the variety in Islamic beliefs and the role played by Islam in the world today.
g) Understanding the commonalities and differences between Muslims and the other religions.
 
課程要求
Class preparation: The student will be required to prepare for class in time according to the schedule.
Class Participation: Full attendance and active class participation are essential to success.
Exam: Midterm Exam and Term Paper
 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
References
1- 法土拉.葛蘭2004 (M. Fethullah Gulen) “最後的先知─穆罕默德的生命面貌” 希泉出版 Taiwan
2- 法土拉.葛蘭, 2004 (M. Fethullah Gulen) “信仰珠璣” 希泉出版 Taiwan
3- Maimul Ahsan Khan, 2009 “Women’s Rights in Islam” The Nahar Light Foundation - Bangladesh
4- Ergun Capan, 2002. “Terror and Suicide Attacks an Islamic Perspective” 希泉出版 Taiwan
5- John L. Esposito and Dalia Mogahed, 2007 “Who Speaks for Islam? What a Billion Muslims Really Think” Gallup Press New York
6- 法土拉.葛蘭, 2007 (M. Fethullah Gulen) “請問伊斯蘭” 希泉出版 Taiwan
7- Ali Unal, 2006. “Islam Addresses Contemporary Issues” The Light - New Jersey
8- Ismil Buyukcelebi, 2003. “Living in the shade of Islam” The Light - Turkey
9- M. Fethullah Gülen, 2006. “Toward a Global Civilization of Love and Tolerance” The Light - New Jersey
10- Ali Unal and Alphonse Williams, 2000 “Advocate of Dialogue” The Fountain - Turkey
Additional material will be presented in class.
Handouts.

 
指定閱讀
 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
Attendance and class participation 
20% 
 
2. 
Mid-term exam 
30% 
 
3. 
Term Paper 
50% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
  伊斯蘭概論與前伊斯蘭時代。Course introduction & syllabus.
Introduce Islamic world.
Pre-Islamic Arabia: social and economic conditions, beliefs and customs.
 
第2週
  使者穆罕默德(Peace be upon him)的一生。
A Brief biography.
The start of the revelation.
The migration to Madinah( Alhijrah).
The struggle and return to Makkah.
His morals and ethics.
 
第3週
  四大正統哈里發時代。
Abu Bakr: The main events of their caliphates, the challenges they faced, their achievements in maintaining and extending the rule of Islam.
Omar: The main events of their caliphates, the challenges they faced, their achievements in maintaining and extending the rule of Islam.
Othman: The main events of their caliphates, the challenges they faced, their achievements in maintaining and extending the rule of Islam.
Ali: The main events of their caliphates, the challenges they faced, their achievements in maintaining and extending the rule of Islam.
 
第4週
  伊斯蘭的王朝與帝國。
The Umayyad: the establishment of the dynasty, the main events of their rule, their decline and collapse.
The Abbasids: their seizure of the caliphate, the changes to administration of the state under their rule, their decline and weakness.
The Great Seljuq Empire: the establishment of the dynasty, the main events of their rule, their decline and collapse.
The Ottoman Empire: the establishment of the dynasty, the main events of their rule, their decline and collapse.
 
第5週
  伊斯蘭之文明與貢獻。
Science, Technology, Medicine, Philosophy and Theology. Art, Literature and Architecture.
 
第6週
  伊斯蘭之信仰與實踐。
伊斯蘭的五根支柱─穆斯林的五項義務:
Declaration of Faith (Shahadah) 宣言,
Prayer (Salat) 禮拜,
Almsgiving (Zakat) 捐獻,
Fasting (Sawm) 齋戒,
Pilgrimage (Hajj) 朝聖。
 
第7週
  伊斯蘭的信仰─六大信條 :
信真主, 信天使, 信經典, 信使者(先知), 信後世, 信前定。
 
第8週
  伊斯蘭法之法源。
簡介古蘭經, 簡介聖訓, 簡介古蘭經之奇蹟, 公議, 類比。  
第9週
  Mid-term exam 
第10週
  宗教節慶與婚喪禮俗。
‘Id al-Fitr, Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting.
‘Id al-Adha, Festival of Sacrifice is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide.
Marriage. Funeral.
 
第11週
  伊斯蘭婦女的地位
1) Social Position
2) Women Veil
3) Inheritance Rules
4) Marriage, Divorce and Polygamy
 
第12週
  伊斯蘭的飲食文化 
第13週
  多元、全球化與伊斯蘭
The relation between Islam and other Monotheistic Religions Judaism and Christianity.
The relation between Islam and Polytheist Religions Buddhism, Taoism, Hinduism. 
第14週
  伊斯蘭之寬容與和平觀 
第15週
  宗教對話 
第16週
  焦點議題: Jihad. Terrorism.
 
第17週
  現代的伊斯蘭復興運動
The Islamic Transnational Gulen Movement
 
第18週
  Submitting the Term Paper