課程資訊
課程名稱
當代英美哲學
Contemporary Anglo-american Philosophy 
開課學期
99-2 
授課對象
文學院  哲學系  
授課教師
彭孟堯 
課號
Phl4087 
課程識別碼
104 44700 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
必修 
上課時間
星期一3,4,@(10:20~) 
上課地點
普504 
備註
本課程中文授課,使用英文教科書。群組課程請參閱必修科目資料表。
總人數上限:80人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/992anglo_american 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

This course is a general survey of the following three lines of contemporary Anglo-American philosophical development. It is said that contemporary Anglo-American philosophy first took the "linguistic turn" (including the development of contemporary logics) and then the "cognitive turn" in the twentieth century. The linguistic turn began with the three major figures, Frege, Russell, and Wittgenstein, and with the rise of logical positivism (and later, logical empiricism). Frege and Russell set up the beginning stage of analytic philosophy by initiating studies in the foundations of mathematics logic and philosophy of language. In its heyday there came Quine, Kripke, and Putnam who make great contributions in logics, semantics, and ontology. The cognitive turn began with the computational/representational theory of mind and cognition, and initiated the rise the new interdisciplinary "cognitive sciences". The third development began with the rise of logical positivism (logical empiricism) deeply influenced by Wittgenstein. Logical positivism (logical empiricism) then dominated studies in the philosophy of science concerning issues such as the demarcation of science, the nature of scientific explanation and theory, and theoretical reduction and unity. Theories of scientific explanation have occupied contemporary philosophical studies of sciences ever since Carl Hempel. We will introduce the development from his Covering Law models to Salmon's SR approach. 

課程目標
This course is a general survey of contemporary Anglo-American philosophy along three lines of development: the linguistic turn, the cognitive turn, and philosophies of scientific explanation.
本門課從語言轉向、認知轉向、以及科學解釋之哲學三個方面介紹當代英美哲學的發展。 
課程要求
 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
每週四 13:30~14:30
每週三 13:20~14:10 備註: 可email另行約定時間 
參考書目
1. Kenny, A. (1995), Frege: An Introduction to the Founder of Modern Analytic Philosophy. Blackwell: 100-141.
2. Frege, G. (1892/1970), "On Sense and Reference", in Geach, P. & Black, M. (Eds.)(1970), Translations From the Philosophical Writings of Gottlob Frege. Blackwell: 56-71.
3. Frege, G. (1892/1970). "On Concepts and Objects", in Geach, P. & Black, M. (Eds.)(1970), Translations From the Philosophical Writings of Gottlob Frege. Blackwell: 42-55.
4. Russell, B. (1905), "On Denoting", in Marsh, R. (Ed.)(1956), Logic and Knowledge. Allen & Unwin: 39-56.
5. Kenny, A. (1973), Wittgenstein. Penguin: 126-140.
6. Kripke, S. (1980), Naming and Necessity. Princeton UP: 34-37; 48-49; 54-59; 71; 93-94; 118-125; 134-144.
7. Putnam, H. (1975), "The Meaning of 'Meaning'", in his Mind, Language, and Reality. Cambridge UP: 215-234.
8. Quine, W.V.O. (1953), "Two Dogmas of Empiricism," in his (1980), From a Logical Point of View. Harvard UP: 20-46.
9. Quine, W.V.O. (1960), Word and Object. MIT: 26-35; 68-79.
10. Hempel, C.G. (1950), "The Empiricist Criterion of Meaning," in Ayer: 108-129.
11. Salmon, W. (1989). Four Decades of Scientific Explanation. Minnesota: 3-32. 
指定閱讀
 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
Mid-term exam or mid-term report 
45% 
選課同學有兩種選擇:(1)考mid-term exam以及final exam;(2)交mid-term report以及term paper。選擇第二種的同學請於4/11以email告知助教及任課教師。 選擇第二種方式的同學:(1)mid-term report: 4-8 pages; term paper: 6-12 pages, can be an extension of the mid-term report。(2) all written materials must be computer-typed, double-spaced, in English or Chinese. 
2. 
Final exam or term paper 
45% 
 
3. 
Participation & Discussion 
10% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
2/21  introduction 
第2週
2/28  no class 
第3週
3/07  the beginning of the linguistic turn
(a) Frege's sense/reference distinction and object/concept distinction (b) the rise of contemporary logic and Russell's paradox (c) Russell's theory of definite description (d) Wittgenstein on language games.

Readings: Frege, G. (1892/1970), "On Sense and Reference", in Geach, P. & Black, M. (Eds.)(1970), Translations From the Philosophical Writings of Gottlob Frege. Blackwell: 56-71.

Frege, G. (1892/1970). "On Concepts and Objects", in Geach, P. & Black, M. (Eds.)(1970), Translations From the Philosophical Writings of Gottlob Frege. Blackwell: 42-55.

Russell, B. (1905), "On Denoting", in Marsh, R. (Ed.)(1956), Logic and Knowledge. Allen & Unwin: 39-56.

Kenny, A. (1973), Wittgenstein. Penguin: 126-140. 
第4週
3/14  as above 
第5週
3/21  as above 
第6週
3/28  as above 
第7週
4/04  no class 
第8週
4/11  the rise of anti-traditional theories of meaning and reference (a) Quine on translational indeterminacy, (b) Kripke's causal-historical account of naming, (c) Putnam on Kind term and his Twin-Earth. Readings: Quine, W.V.O. (1953), "Two Dogmas of Empiricism," in his (1980), From a Logical Point of View. Harvard UP: 20-46.
Quine, W.V.O. (1960), Word and Object. MIT: 26-35; 68-79.
Kripke, S. (1980), Naming and Necessity. Princeton UP: 34-37; 48-49; 54-59; 71; 93-94; 118-125; 134-144.
Putnam, H. (1975), "The Meaning of 'Meaning'", in his Mind, Language, and Reality. Cambridge UP: 215-234. 
第9週
4/18  Mid-term Exam/mid-term report due 
第10週
4/25  the rise of anti-traditional theories of meaning and reference (a) Quine on translational indeterminacy, (b) Kripke's causal-historical account of naming, (c) Putnam on Kind term and his Twin-Earth
Readings: Quine, W.V.O. (1953), "Two Dogmas of Empiricism," in his (1980), From a Logical Point of View. Harvard UP: 20-46.
Quine, W.V.O. (1960), Word and Object. MIT: 26-35; 68-79.
Kripke, S. (1980), Naming and Necessity. Princeton UP: 34-37; 48-49; 54-59; 71; 93-94; 118-125; 134-144.
Putnam, H. (1975), "The Meaning of 'Meaning'", in his Mind, Language, and Reality. Cambridge UP: 215-234. 
第11週
5/02  as above 
第12週
5/09  logical positivism (logical empiricism)
(a) anti-metaphysics: the demarcation of science from pseudo-science, (b) scientific anti-realism (instrumentalism), (c) Hempel's models of scientific explanation. Readings: Salmon, W. (1989). Four Decades of Scientific Explanation. Minnesota: 3-32.
Hempel, C.G. (1950), "The Empiricist Criterion of Meaning," in Ayer: 108-129. 
第13週
5/16  logical positivism (logical empiricism)
(a) anti-metaphysics: the demarcation of science from pseudo-science, (b) scientific anti-realism (instrumentalism), (c) Hempel's models of scientific explanation. Readings: Salmon, W. (1989). Four Decades of Scientific Explanation. Minnesota: 3-32.
Hempel, C.G. (1950), "The Empiricist Criterion of Meaning," in Ayer: 108-129. 
第14週
5/23  as above 
第15週
5/30  the beginning of the cognitive turn
(a) the new formulation of the mind-body problem, (b) Turing machine and mind: the rise of computational functionalism (Handouts) 
第16週
6/06  no class 
第17週
6/13  as above