課程資訊
課程名稱
當代英美哲學
Contemporary Anglo-american Philosophy 
開課學期
102-1 
授課對象
文學院  哲學系  
授課教師
彭孟堯 
課號
Phl4087 
課程識別碼
104 44700 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
必修 
上課時間
星期二2,3,4(9:10~12:10) 
上課地點
共407 
備註
本課程中文授課,使用英文教科書。B群組(100學年度以前學生)(B)西方哲學史群組(101以後學生),詳見必修資料表及本系網頁。
總人數上限:45人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1021AAphilosophy 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

This course is a general survey of the following three lines of contemporary Anglo-American philosophical development. It is said that contemporary Anglo-American philosophy first took the "linguistic turn" (including the development of contemporary logics) and then the "cognitive turn" in the twentieth century. The linguistic turn began with the three major figures, Frege, Russell, and Wittgenstein, and with the rise of logical positivism (and later, logical empiricism). Frege and Russell set up the beginning stage of analytic philosophy by initiating studies in the foundations of mathematical logic and philosophy of language. In its heyday there came Quine, Kripke, and Putnam who make great contributions in logics, semantics, and ontology. The cognitive turn began with the computational/representational theory of mind and cognition in the 60's, and initiated the rise of the new interdisciplinary "cognitive sciences". The third development began with the rise of logical positivism (logical empiricism) deeply influenced by Wittgenstein. Logical positivism (logical empiricism) then dominated studies in the philosophy of science concerning issues such as the demarcation of science, the nature of scientific explanation and theory, and theoretical reduction and unity. Theories of scientific explanation have occupied contemporary philosophical studies of sciences ever since Carl Hempel and Paul Oppenheim's seminal paper in 1948. We will introduce the development from his Covering Law models to Salmon's SR approach.
當代英美哲學界在二十世紀對於哲學的研究,先是「語言」的轉向(包括各種邏輯的發展),後來進入「認知」的轉向。語言的轉向起自Frege、Russell、Wittgenstein三位對當代英美哲學的發展影響重大的哲學家,以及邏輯實證論(後來發展為邏輯經驗論),包括Hempel、Carnap等人。在它的黃金時代,影響重大的哲學家有Quine、 Kripke以及Putnam等人。在認知的轉向方面,英美哲學界對於人的心智發展出計算/表徵理論,帶動「認知科學」這門新興科技整合研究的發展。此外,自Hempel起,對於「科學解釋」的探討成為當代科學哲學的重大課題。本門課將引導同學從這三大發展瞭解當代英美哲學。 

課程目標
This course is a general survey of contemporary Anglo-American philosophy along three lines of development: the linguistic turn, the cognitive turn, and philosophies of sciences.
本門課從語言轉向、認知轉向、以及科學哲學三個方面介紹當代英美哲學的發展。 
課程要求
有初階邏輯的背景 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
每週五 13:30~14:30
每週三 11:00~12:00 備註: 可email另行約定時間 
參考書目
1. Glock, (2008), What is Analytic Philosophy? Cambridge University Press.
2. Kenny, A. (1995), Frege: An Introduction to the Founder of Modern Analytic Philosophy. Blackwell: 100-141.
3. Frege, G. (1892/1970), "On Sense and Reference", in Geach, P. & Black, M. (Eds.)(1970), Translations From the Philosophical Writings of Gottlob Frege. Blackwell: 56-78.
4. Frege, G. (1892/1970). "On Concepts and Objects", in Geach, P. & Black, M. (Eds.)(1970), Translations From the Philosophical Writings of Gottlob Frege. Blackwell: 42-55.
5. Russell, B. (1905), "On Denoting", in Marsh, R. (Ed.)(1956), Logic and Knowledge. Allen & Unwin: 39-56.
6. Kenny, A. (1973), Wittgenstein. Penguin: xxx
7. Kripke, S. (1980), Naming and Necessity. Princeton UP: 34-37; 48-49; 54-59; 71; 93-94; 118-125; 34-144.
8. Putnam, H. (1975), "The Meaning of 'Meaning'", in his Mind, Language, and Reality. Cambridge UP: 215-234.
9. Quine, W.V.O. (1953), "Two Dogmas of Empiricism," in his (1980), From a Logical Point of View. Harvard UP: 20-46.
10. Quine, W.V.O. (1960), Word and Object. MIT: 26-35; 68-79.
11. Carnap, R. (1932), "The Elimination of Metaphysics Through Logical Analysis of Language," in Ayer, A.J. (Ed.)(1959), Logical Positivism. Free Press: 60-81.
12. Carnap, R. "Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology" in his Meaning and Necessity: 205-221.
13. Hempel, C.G. (1950), "The Empiricist Criterion of Meaning," in Ayer: 108-129.
14. Salmon, W. (1989). Four Decades of Scientific Explanation. Minnesota: 3-32. 
指定閱讀
 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
第一次考試 
30% 
 
2. 
第二次考試 
30% 
 
3. 
學期考試 
40% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
  introduction
參考書目【1】 
第2週
  the beginning of the linguistic turn
(a) Frege's sense/reference distinction and object/concept distinction
參考書目【2】【3】【4】 
第3週
  (b) the rise of contemporary logic and Russell's paradox
參考書目【2】以及老師講義 
第4週
  (c) Russell's theory of definite description
參考書目【5】 
第5週
  (d) Wittgenstein on Rule-following, and his no private language argument
參考書目【6】 
第6週
  the rise of anti-traditional theories of meaning and reference
(a) Quine on the translational indeterminacy
(b) Kripke's causal-historical account of naming
(c) Putnam on Kind term and his Twin-Earth
參考書目【7】【8】【9】【10】 
第7週
  同第六週 
第8週
  第一次考試 
第9週
  logical positivism (logical empiricism)
(a) anti-metaphysics: the demarcation of science from pseudo-science
參考書目【11】【12】【14】以及老師講義 
第10週
  (b) scientific anti-realism (instrumentalism)
參考書目【14】以及老師講義 
第11週
  (c) Hempel's models of scientific explanation
參考書目【14】以及老師講義 
第12週
  (d) theories of confirmation;Hempel's Raven paradox (confirmation)
參考書目【13】以及老師講義 
第13週
  第二次考試 
第14週
  the beginning of the cognitive turn
(a) the new formulation of the mind-body problem
參考書目:老師講義 
第15週
  (b) Turing machine and mind: the rise of computational functionalism
參考書目:老師講義 
第16週
  (b) Turing machine and mind: the rise of computational functionalism (continued)
(c) the nature of representation
參考書目:老師講義 
第17週
  (c) the nature of representation
參考書目:老師講義