Bronze Age civilizations: the Aegean and the Near East 
文學院  人類學系  
105 42370 

This course is designed to provide students with a sound knowledge of key theories and archaeological evidence that lie at the core of research in the cross-cultural studies between the East and West in the 2nd millennium BC. It builds upon anthropology, archaeology and prehistory to consider the age of palace-based civilizations in Egypt, Levant, Hittite Anatolia, Mycenaean Greece, Minoan Crete and Cyprus. It ensures students gain an understanding of different theoretical perspectives. It provides an insight into the social impact of processes such as the intensification of trade; social acceptance of technological innovation; the integration of disparate economies, centralization, culture contact, exchange, world-system theory and environmental change. Students will gain knowledge and understanding of the development of western attitudes to other cultures; the manner in which interdisciplinary studies can lead to much richer reconstructions and socio-political developments in the Aegean and Near East. The aim of the module is to show the cosmopolitanism and international relations between states and palaces and the changing understanding of civilization through the rise and decline of European colonialism. 

By the end of this course, students should be able to
‧obtain a sound knowledge of key aspects of textual and archaeological records and cultural sequences, including major events, historical processes, cultural interaction, writing, artistic and architectural achievements in the Bronze Age Near East and the Aegean world;
‧evaluate the similarities and differences between civilizations;
‧gain experience in synthesizing, using and presenting unfamiliar archaeological data and textual-based evidence for investigating questions of general socio-cultural significance;
‧develop critical thinking and research skills;
‧develop written and oral communication skills;
‧and participate in group discussion and presentation. 
1. Students are required to do relevant activities (e.g. watch videos), read the designated articles, and participate in class discussions.
2. Each group are required to select a topic and present a group project.
3. Students are required to submit the final assignment (poster). 
Office Hours

Week 2
 Gods of Egypt (2016) Directed by Alex Proyas.
 Cooney, K. M. (2010). Gender Transformation in Death: A Case Study of Coffins from Ramesside Period Egypt. Near Eastern Archaeology, 73(4), 224-237.
 Wendrich, W. (2010). Identity and Personhood. In W. Wendrich (ed.) Egyptian Archaeology. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. 200-219.

Week 3
 Guterbock, H. G. (1957). Toward a Definition of the Term Hittite. Oriens, 10(2), 233– 239.
 Mellink, M. J. (1992). Archaeology in Anatolia. American Journal of Archaeology, 96(1), 119–150.

Week 4
 Novak, M. (2007). Mittani Empire and the Question of Absolute Chronology: Some Archaeological Considerations. In M. Bietak and E. Czerny (eds) The Synchronisation of Civilisations in the Eastern Mediterranean in the Second Millennium B.C. III. Proceedings of the SCIEM 2000 – 2nd Euro Conference. Wien: Verlag der O?sterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. 389–401.
 Otto, A. (2012). Archaeological Evidence for Collective Governance along the Upper Syrian Euphrates during the Late and Middle Bronze Age. In G, Wilheim (ed.) Organization, Representation, and Symbols of Power in the Ancient Near East. Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns. 87-99.

Week 5
 Shai, I., McKinny, C. and Uziel, J. (2015). Late Bronze Age Cultic Activity in Ancient Canaan: A View from Tel Burna. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, 374, 115-133.
 Sugerman, M. (2009). Trade and Power in Late Bronze Age Canaan. In J. D. Schloen (ed.) Exploring the Long Duree. Essays in Honor of Lawrence E. Stager. Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns. 439-448.
 Yener, A. (2017). Cult and Ritual at Late Bronze II Alalakh: Hybridity and Power under Hittite Administration. In A. Mouton (ed.) Hittitology Today: Studies on Hittite and Neo-Hittite Anatolia in Honor of Emmanuel Laroche's 100th Birthday. Istanbul: Institut francais d’etudes anatoliennes. 215-224.

Week 7
 Exodus: Gods and Kings (2014). Directed by Ridley Scott.
 Evian, S. B.-D. (2016). The Battles between Ramesses III and the “Sea-Peoples”. Zeitschrift Fur agyptische Sprache Und Altertumskunde, 143(2), 151-168.
 Warburton, D. (2016). Love and War in the Late Bronze Age: Egypt and Hatti. In R. Matthews and C. Roemer (eds) Ancient perspectives on Egypt. London: Routledge. 75-100.

Week 8
 Dickinson, O. (2005). The “Face of Agamemnon.” Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 74(3), 299–308.
 Feuer, B. (2011). Being Mycenaean: A View from the Periphery. American Journal of Archaeology, 115(4), 507-536.
 The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. (2019). Mycenae: the kingdom of mythical Agamemnon. [online] Available at: https://yougoculture.com/virtual-tour/mycenae/ [Accessed 5th May 2022].

Week 9
 Atlantis (2011). Directed by Tony Mitchell.
 Cline, E. H. and Yasur-Landau, A. (2013). Aegeans in Israel: Minoan Frescoes at Tel Kabri. Biblical Archaeology Review, 39(4), 37-44, 64, 66.
 The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. (2019). Crete: the magnificent Minoan civilization. [online] Available at: https://yougoculture.com/virtual-tour/crete/ [Accessed 5th May 2022].

Week 10
 Vitale, S. (2016). Cultural Entanglements on Kos during the Late Bronze Age: A Comparative Analysis of Minoanisation and Mycenaeanisation at the ‘Serraglio’, Eleona, and Langada. In E. Gorogianni, P. Pavuk and L. Girella (eds) Beyond thalassocracies: understanding processes of Minoanisation and Mycenaeanisation in the Aegean. Oxford & Philadelphia: Oxbow Books. 75-93.
 Vlachopoulos, A.G. (2016). Neither far from Knossos nor close to Mycenae: Naxos in the Middle and Late Bronze Age Aegean. In E. Gorogianni, P. Pavuk and L. Girella (eds) Beyond thalassocracies: understanding processes of Minoanisation and Mycenaeanisation in the Aegean. Oxford & Philadelphia: Oxbow Books. 116-135.

Week 11
 Troy (2004). Directed by Wolfgang Petersen.
 Blackwell, N. G. (2021). Ahhiyawa, Hatti, and Diplomacy: Implications of Hittite Misperceptions of the Mycenaean World. Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 90(2), 191–231.
 Jablonka, P., & Rose, C. B. (2004). Forum Response: Late Bronze Age Troy: A Response to Frank Kolb. American Journal of Archaeology, 108(4), 615–630.
 Kolb, F. (2004). Forum Article: Troy VI: A Trading Center and Commercial City? American Journal of Archaeology, 108(4), 577–613.

Week 12
 Keswani, P. (2005). Death, Prestige, and Copper in Bronze Age Cyprus. American Journal of Archaeology, 109, 341-401.
 Webb, J. M. (2016). Anthropomorphic Figures from Middle Bronze Age Cyprus: Who or what do they represent? Journal of the Classical Association of Victoria, 29, 5-21.

Week 13
 Miller, J. L. (2017).?Political Interactions between Kassite Babylonia and Assyria, Egypt and ?atti during the Amarna Age. In A. Bartelmus, and K. Sternitzke (eds) Kardunia?. Babylonia under the Kassites 1: The Proceedings of the Symposium held in Munich, 30 June to 2 July 2011. Untersuchungen zur Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archaologie, 11. Boston, MA; Berlin: De Gruyter. 93-111.
 Myna?ova, J. (2012). The Representatives of Power in the Amarna Letters. In Wilhelm, G. (ed.) Organization, Representation and Symbols of Power in the Ancient Near East. Proceedings of the 54th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale at Wurzburg, 20–25 July, 2008. Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns. 551–558.

Week 14
 Bachhuber, C. (2006). Aegean Interest on the Uluburun Ship. American Journal of Archaeology, 110(3), 345-363.
 Nakassis, D., Galaty, M. L. and Parkinson, W. A. (2016). Reciprocity in Aegean Palatial Societies: Gifts, Debt, and the Foundations of Economic Exchange. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology, 29(1), 61-132.
 Zangani, F. (2016). Amarna and Uluburun. Palestine exploration quarterly, 148(4), 230-244.

Week 15
 Sherratt, E. S. (2011). Between Theory, Texts and Archaeology: Working with The Shadows. In K. Duistermaat and I. Regulski (eds) Intercultural Contacts in The Ancient Mediterranean. Paris; Walpole, MA: Uitgeverij Peeters en Departement Oosterse Studies Leuven. 3-30.
 Smith, J. S. (2003). Writing styles in clay of the eastern Mediterranean Late Bronze Age. In N. Stampolides and V. Karageorghs (eds) PLOES: sea routes, interconnections in the Mediterranean 16th-6th centuries B.C. Athens: The University of Crete and The A.G. Leventis Foundation. 277-289.

Week 16
 Bauer, A. (2014). The “Sea Peoples” as an emergent phenomenon. In Y. Galanakis, T. Wilkinson and J. Bennet (eds) ΑΘΥΡΜΑΤΑ: Critical Essays on the Archaeology of the Eastern Mediterranean in Honour of E. Susan Sherratt. Oxford: Archaeopress. 31-39.
 Kaniewski, D., Van Campo, E., Van Lerberghe, K., Boiy, T., Vansteenhuyse, K., Jans, G., Nys, K., Weiss, H., Morhange, C., Otto, T. and Bretschneider, J. (2011). The Sea Peoples, from cuneiform tablets to carbon dating. PloS One, 6(6), e20232. 
Attendance and Class Participation 
Midterm Exam 
The midterm exam will take place in week 7. 
Group Presentation 
Final Assignment 
5 Sept  Introduction & The History of Research