Ecological discourse is first and foremost a crisis discourse, a discourse that seeks to address the question of human domination of nature and its consequences. The crisis, insofar as it is man-made, is cultural and, as such, ultimately a crisis in humanistic discourse. This course is structured around four main areas of interest: a) roots of our ecological crisis; b) environmental ethics, including such representative ecological positions as deep ecology, ecofeminism, and environmental justice; c) concept of nature, a puzzling but crucial key word, and its use or misuse. d) a sampling of “nature writing,” selected works from Dickinson, Leopold, Snyder, Berry and Dillard, etc. These four areas are not separate, isolated islands, but a connected and unified continent.
A term paper, approximately 10 pages long, is due at the end of the semester. Students are encouraged to work on a project of their own. The project may be an investigation into an English or a Chinese text of an ecological nature.
[The following schedule and reading assignments are tentative.]
WK 1 (9/11) Introduction
WK 2 (9/18) Glotfelty & Fromm, “Introduction” (xv-xxxvii), Lynn White, Jr. "The Historical Roots of Our Ecologic Crisis(Glotfelty & Fromm, 3-14); Donald Worster, “The Wealth of Nature” (203-19, WN), Yifu Tuan, “Discrepancies Between Environmental Attitude and Bhviour.”
WK 3 (9/25) Roderick F. Nash, "From Natural Rights to the Rights of Nature," "Ideological Origins of American Environmentalism," "EcologyWidens
the Circle" (Nash, The Rights of Nature, pp.13-86 ).
WK 4 (10/2) Bill Devall, "The Deep Ecology Movement" (Merchant, Ecology, 125-39); Arne Naess & George Session, “Platform Principles of the Deep Ecology Movement" (Drengson & Inoue, 49-53); George Sessions,"Ecocentrism and the Anthropocentric Detour" (Sessions, 156-83).Andrew McLaughlin, "The Heart of Deep Ecology” (Sessions, 85-93), John Rodman, "Four Forms of Ecological Consciousness Reconsidered" (Sessions, 121-30).
WK 5 (10/9) Noel Sturgeon, “Movements of Ecofeminism” (Sturgeon, Ecofeminist Natures, 25-58), Karen J. warren, “The Power and
Promise of Ecological Feminism” (Zimmerman, 325-344), Yenestra King, “Feminism and the Revolt of Nature" (Merchant, 198-06), Freya Mathews, "Ecofeminism and Deep Ecology”(Merchant, 235-47); Vandana Shiva, “Development, Ecology, and Women” (Merchant, 272-80), Joni Adamson Clarke, “Toward an Ecology of Justice: Transformative Ecological Theory and Practice” (Reading the Earth, 9-17).
WK 6 (10/16) “Introduction,” “Environmental Justice Roundtable Discussion” (The Environmental Justice Reader, 3-26); T.V. Reed, “Toward an
Environmental Justice Ecocriticism,” Julie Sze, “From Environmental Justice Literature to the Literature of Environmental Justice,” Mei Mei Evans, “ ‘Nature’ and Environmental Justice ” (The Environmental Justice Reader, 145-93)
WK 7 (10/23) Neil Evernden, “Beyond Ecology: Self, Place, and the Pathetic Fallacy,” Sueellen Campbell, “The Land of Language and Desire:
Where Deep Ecology and Post-Structuralism Meet” (Glotfelty A & Fromm, 92-104, 124-136)
WK 8 (10/30) John E. Danby, “William Wordsworth: Poetry, Chemistry, Nature,”Raymond Williams, “The Green Language” (Laurence Coupe, 44-49, 50-58); selections from Kate Soper, The Idea of Nature (Laurence Coupe,123-26,139-143), Jonathan Bate, “From ‘Red’ to ‘Green’.”Terry Gifford, “The Social Construction of Nature” (Laurence Coupe, 173-76), Neil Everden, The Social Creation of Nature
WK 9 (11/6) From: Lawrence Buell, The Future of Environmental Criticism (2005).
WK 10 (11/13) From: Heise, Sense of Place and Sense of Planet
WK 11 (11/20) From: Morton, Ecology without Nature
WK 12 (11/27) From: Luc Ferry, The New Ecological Order
WK 13 (12/4) From: Huggan & Tiffin, Postcolonial Ecocriticism.
WK 14 (12/11) From: Timothy Clark, Literature and the Environment. (2011).
WK 15 (12/18) Edward Abbey, Desert Solitaire; Don Scheese, “Desert Solitaire: Counter Friction to the Machine in the Garden”(Glotfelty & Fromm, 303-22), Annie Dillard, Teaching A Stone to Talk
WK 16 (12/25) Selected poems from Wordsworth, Keats, Whitman, Dickinson, Stevens, Jeffers, Snyder, Berry (i).
WK 17 (1/1) Holiday
|Sources of reading selections and other references:
Wendell Berry. Home Economics (1987).
Michael P. Branch & Scott Slovic, eds. The ISLE Reader: Ecocriticism, 1993-2003.
Athens & London: University of Georgia Press, 2003.
J. Scott Bryson, ed. Ecopoetry: A Critical Introduction. Salt Lake City: Univ. of Utah Press, 2002.
Lawrence Buell. The Environmental Imagination(1995)
__________. Writing for an Endangered World (2001)
__________. The Future of Environmental Criticism (2005)
Laurence Coupe, ed. The Green Studies Reader: From Romanticism to Ecocriticism (2000)
Bill Devall & George Sessions. Deep Ecology: Living as if Nature Matters. (1985)
George Sessions, ed. Deep Ecology for the Tweny-first Century (1995)
Luc Ferry. The New Ecological Order. Tr. Carol Volk (Univ. of Chicago, 1995)
Ursula K. Heise. Sense of Place and Sene of Planet: The Environmental Imagination of
the Global (2008)
Graham Huggan & Helen Tiffin. Postcolonial Ecocriticism: Literature, Animals,
Carolyn Merchant, ed. Ecology (1994)
_______________. Radical Ecology: The Search for a Livable World (1992)
Timothy Morton. Ecology without Nature: Rethinking Environmental Aesthetics (2007).
Alan Drengson & Yuichi Inoue, eds. The Deep Ecology Movement(1995)
Cheryll Glotfelty & Haroldn Fromm, eds. The Ecocriticism Reader (1996)
Karen J. Warren, ed. Ecofeminism: Women, Culture, Nature (1997)
Jonathan Bate. Romantic Ecology (1991)
___________. The Song of the Earth (2000)
David Ehrenfeld. The Arrogance of Humanism (1978).
Bill McKibben. The End of Nature (1989)
Bryan G. Norton. Toward Unity among Environmentalists. New York: Oxford UP, 1991.
Karl Kroeber. Ecological Literary Criticism (1994)
Donna Haraway. Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: TheReinvention of Nature (1991).
Neil Everdon. The Social Creation of Nature (1992)
Roderick Frazier Nash. The Rights of Nature: A History of Environmental Ethics (1989).
Max Oelschlaeger, ed. Postmodern Environmental Ethics. Albany: State Uni. Of New York Pr., 1995.
Noel Sturgeon. Ecofeminist Natures: Race, Gender, Feminist Theory and Political Action (1997)
Donald Worster. The Wealth of Nature (1993)
_____________. Nature’s Economy. Second edition (1994)
Carl G. Herndl & Stuard C. Brown, eds. Green Culture: Environmental Rhetoric in Contemporary America (1996)
Jack Turner. The Abstract Wild (1996)
John Elder. Poetry and the Vision of Nature (1996))
Kate Soper. What Is Nature? (1995)
Peter Coates. Nature (1998.)
Adamson, Joni, Mei Mei Evans, &Rachel Stein, eds. The Environmental Justice Reader (2003)
Dana Philips. The Truth of Ecology: Nature, Culture, and Literature in America (2003)
Daniel R. Whie. Postmodern Ecology: Communicatio, Evolution and Play (1998).
Michael Zimmerman et. al., eds. Environmental Philosophy: From Animal Rights to Radical Ecology (1998)