課程資訊
課程名稱
十九世紀英國自然歷史與文學
Natural History and Literature in the Nineteenth-century Britain 
開課學期
101-2 
授課對象
文學院  外國語文學研究所  
授課教師
吳雅鳳 
課號
FL7235 
課程識別碼
122EM3560 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期四2,3,4(9:10~12:10) 
上課地點
外文會議室 
備註
本課程以英語授課。第二類。
限碩士班以上
總人數上限:12人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1012nh 
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課程概述

Course Description:
The development of natural history began to gather pace drastically in the nineteenth century, with impetus from industrialization and imperial expansion, political reforms, etc. It not only provided background to intellectual endeavours but actively participated in the inflections of aesthetic production, including literature and arts.
 

課程目標
Course Objectives:
Students will be enabled to understand the ways in which the forms and contents of literature evolve from the conjoined efforts to investigate the physical world. This course is designed to familiarize graduate students with the interconnected development of natural history and literature of the 19th century Britain. Three areas of natural history are covered: thing theory/collecting, geology, and botany. Related literary works will be chosen to accompany discussion of texts written in these four areas to gain a better picture of the crucial period in British literature and intellectual history.
 
課程要求
Requirements:
Students are to read the assigned materials beforehand. Weekly reading notes are to be sent to the instructor before the class session. Each student is to lead at least 2 discussions in the form of presentation (50 min) with Power Point slides, and to produce a term paper around 18-20 pages in MLA style.
 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
另約時間 備註: Please make prior appointment by email. 
參考書目
General:
Altick, Richard. The Shows of London. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1978. Print.
Beer, Gillian. Darwin’s Plot: Evolutionary Narrative in Darwin, George Eliot and 19th Fiction. Cambridge : Cambridge UP, 2000. Print.
Benedict, Barbara M. Curiosity: A Cultural History of Early Modern Inquiry. Chicago: Chicago UP, 2001. Print.
Bewell, Alan. “William Jones and Cosmopolitan Natural History.” European Romantic Review 16.2 (2005): 167-80.
Bewell, Alan. “Romanticism and Colonial Environmental History.” European Romantic Review 23.3 (2012): 393-398.
Bewell, Alan. “Romanticism and Colonial Natural History.” European Romantic Review 43.1 (2004): 5-34.
Chandler, James, ed. The Cambridge History of English Romantic Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2009. Print.
Christie, John, and Sally Shuttleworth, eds. Nature Transfigured: Science and Literature, 1700-1900. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1989. Print.
Clarke, Bruce and Manuela Rossini, eds. The Routledge Companion to Literature and Science. London, England: Routledge; 2011. Print.
Coriale, Danielle. “Gaskell's Naturalist.” Nineteenth-Century Literature 63.3 (2008): 346-75.
Cunningham, Andrew and Nicholas Jardine, eds. Romanticism and the Sciences. Cambridge UP, 1990. Print.
Fulford, Tim, ed. Romanticism and science, 1773-1833. 4 vols. London: Routledge, 2002. Print.
Jordanova, Ludmilla. “Gender and the Historiography of Science.” British Journal for the History of Science 26 (1993): 469-83.
Kelley, Theresa M. “Romantic Nature Bites Back: Adorno and Romantic Natural History.” European Romantic Review 15.2 (2004): 193-203.
Kuhn, Bernhard. Autobiography and Natural Science in the Age of Romanticism: Rousseau, Goethe, Thoreau. Farnham: Ashgate, 2009. Print.
Shaffer, Elinor S. and Elinor S. Berlin, eds. The Third Culture: Literature and Science. Germany: de Gruyter, 1998. Print.
Smith, Jonathan. “Darwin and the Evolution of Victorian Studies.” Victorian Studies 51.2 (Winter 2009): 215-21.
Shteir, Ann B. and Bernard Lightman, eds. Figuring It Out: Science, Gender, and Visual Culture. Hanover: UP of New England, 2006. Print.
Théodoridès, Jean. “Humboldt and England.” The British Journal for the History of Science 3.1 (June 1966): 39-55.

Thing Theory / Collecting
Campbell, Colin. The Romantic Ethic and the Spirit of Modern Consumerism. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989. Print.
Elsner, John and Roger Cardinal, eds. The Cultures of Collecting. London: Reaktkion Books Ltd., 1994. Print.
Pascoe, Judith. The Hummingbird Cabinet: a Rare and Curious History of Romantic Collections. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 2006. Print.
Thomas, Sophie. “Assembling History: Fragments and Ruins.” European Romantic Review 14.2 (June 2003): 177-86.
Natural Theology:
Craig, William Lane and J. P. Moreland, eds. The Blackwell Companion to Natural Theology. Hudson: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. Print.
Eddy, M. D. “The Rhetoric and Science of William Paley's Natural Theology.” Literature & Theology: An International Journal of Religion, Theory, and Culture 18.1 (2004): 1-22.
Jager, Colin. “Mansfield Park and the End of Natural Theology.” Modern Language Quarterly: A Journal of Literary History 63.1 (2002): 31-63.
Jones, Christine Kenyon. “Byron, Darwin, and Paley: Interrogating Natural Theology.” Wilson 187-96.
McGrath, Alister E. The Open Secret: A New Vision for Natural Theology. Hudson: Wiley-Blackwell, 2008. Print.
Peterfreund, Stuart. “From the Forbidden to the Familiar: The Way of Natural Theology Leading Up to and beyond the Long Eighteenth Century.” Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 37 (2008): 23-39.
Wilson, Cheryl A., ed. Byron: Heritage and Legacy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. Print.
Geology:
Blix, Göran. From Paris to Pompeii: French romanticism and the cultural politics of archaeology. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 2009. Print.
Buckland, Adelene. “'The Poetry of Science': Charles Dickens, Geology, and Visual and Material Culture in Victorian London.” Victorian Literature and Culture 35.2 (2007): 679-94.
Casteras, Susan P., Susan Phelps Gordon, and Anthony Lacy Gully. John Ruskin and the Victorian Eye. New York: Abrams, 1993. Print.
Gould, Steven J. Ever Since Darwin. New York: W.W. Norton, 1977. Print.
Gully, Anthony Lacy. “Sermons in Stone: Ruskin and Geology.” Casteras, Gordon, and Gully 158-83.
Leask, Nigel. “Mont Blanc's Mysterious Voice: Shelley and Huttonian Earth Science.” Shaffer and Berlin 182-203.
Snyder, E. E. “Tennyson's Progressive Geology.” Victorian Network 2.1 (Summer 2010): 27-48.
Tomko, Michael. “Varieties of Geological Experience: Religion, Body, and Spirit in Tennyson's In Memoriam and Lyell's Principles of Geology.” Victorian Poetry 42.2 (2004): 113-134.
Wyatt, John. Wordsworth and the Geologists. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1995. Print.
Young, Davis A. "Scripture in the Hands of Geologists (Part One)." WTJ 49 (1987): 257-304.
Botany:
Bewell, Alan. “Keats's ‘Realm of Flora.’” David Clark and Donald Goellnicht 71-100.
Blunt, Wilfrid and William T. Stearn. The Art of Botanical Illustration. Antique Collectors Club, Revised & enlarged edition, 1993.
Browne, Janet. “Botany for Gentlemen: Erasmus Darwin and the Loves of the Plants.” Isis 80 (1989): 593-621.
Browne, Janet. “Botany in the Boudoir and Garden: the Banksian Context.” Miller and Reill 153-72.
Campbell, Elizabeth. “Flowers of Evil: Proserpina’s Venomous Plants in Ruskin’s Botany.” Pacific Coast Philology 44.1 (2009): 114-28.
Clark, David L. and Donald Goellnicht, eds. New Romanticisms: Theory and Critical Practice. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1994. Print.
Cook, Alexandra. “Botanical Exchanges: Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the Duchess of Portland.” History of European Ideas 33.2 (June 2007): 142-156.
Cook, Alexandra. “Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Exotic Botany.” Eighteenth-Century Life 26.3 (Fall 2002): 181-201.
George, Sam. “Linnaeus in Letters and the Cultivation of the Female Mind: ‘Botany in an English Dress.’” British Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies 28.1 (Spring 2005): 1-18.
Jackson, Noel. “Rhyme and Reason: Erasmus Darwin’s Romanticism.” Modern Language Quarterly: A Journal of Literary History 70.2 (June 2009): 171-94.
Jackson-Houlston, Caroline. “'Queen Lilies?': The Interpenetration of Scientific, Religious and Gender Discourses in Victorian Representations of Plants.” Journal of Victorian Culture 11.1 (Spring 2006): 84-110.
Jordanova, Ludmilla, ed. Languages of Nature: Critical Essays on Science and Literature. London: Free Association Books, 1986.
King, Amy M. “Linnæus's Blooms: Botany and the Novel of Courtship.” Eighteenth-Century Novel 1 (2001): 127-60.
King, Amy M. Bloom: The Botanical Vernacular in the English Novel. Oxford: Oxford UP; 2003. Print.
King-Hele, Desmond. Erasmus Darwin and the Romantic Poets. London: Macmillan, 1986. Print.
Löffler, Bertina. “Revolutionary Evolution: Goethe's Botanical Studies and the French Revolution.” New German Review: A Journal of Germanic Studies 10 (1994): 28-40.
McNeil, Maureen. “The Scientific Muse: the Poetry of Erasmus Darwin.” Jordanova 159-203.
Miller, David and Peter Reill, eds. Visions of Empire: Voyages, Botany and Representations of Nature. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1996. Print.
Packham, Catherine. “The Science and Poetry of Animation: Personification, Analogy, and Erasmus Darwin’s Loves of the Plants.” Romanticism: The Journal of Romantic Culture and Criticism 10.2 (2004): 191-208.
Page, Judith W. and Elise L. Smith. Women, Literature, and the Domesticated Landscape : England's Disciples of Flora, 1780-1870. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2011. Print.
Ruwe, Donelle R. “Charlotte Smith's Sublime: Feminine Poetics, Botany, and Beachy Head.” Prism(s): Essays in Romanticism 7 (1999): 117-32.
Shteir, Ann B. Cultivating Women, Cultivating Science: Flora's Daughters and Botany in England, 1760-1860. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1996. Print. Smith, Jonathan. “Domestic Hybrids: Ruskin, Victorian Fiction, and Darwin's Botany.” SEL Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900. 48.4 (Autumn 2008): 861-870.
Tantillo, Astrida Orle. “Goethe's Botany and His Philosophy of Gender.” Eighteenth-Century Life 22.2 (May 1998): 123-38.
Teute, Fredrika J. “The Loves of the Plants; or, the Cross-Fertilization of Science and Desire at the End of the Eighteenth Century.” Huntington Library Quarterly: Studies in English and American History and Literature 63.3 (2000): 319-45.
Walling, Jane. “The Imagination of Plants: Botany in Rousseau and Goethe.” Comparative Critical Studies 2.2 (2005): 211-25.
 
指定閱讀
Primary Texts:
Shelley, Percy B. “Mont Blanc.”
Gaskell, Elizabeth. Mary Barton.
Darwin, Erasmus. The Botanic Gardens.
Smith, Charlotte. Beachy Head, and sonnets
Clare, John. The Shepherd’s Calendar.

Secondary readings:
General:
Bermingham, Ann and John Brewer, eds. The Consumption of Culture, 1600-1800: Image, Object, Text. London: Routledge, 1995. Print.
Dettelbach, Michael. “Alexander von Humboldt between Enlightenment and Romanticism.” Northeastern Naturalist 8.1 special issue: Humboldt’s Natural History Legacy and Its Relevance for Today (2001): 9-20.
Heringman, Noah, ed. Romantic Science: The Literary Forms of Natural History. Albany: State U of New York P, 2003. Print.

Thing theory/collecting:
Brown, Bill. “Thing Theory.” Critical Inquiry 28.1 (Autumn 2001): 1-22.
Eco, Umberto. The Infinity of List: An Illustrated Essay. New York: Rizzoli, 2009. Print.
Stewart, Susan. On Longing: Narratives of the Miniature, the Gigantic, the Souvenir, and the Collection. Durham: Duke UP, 1993. Print.
Thomas, Sophie. Romanticism and Visuality: Fragments, history, spectacle. New York: Routledge, 2008. Print.
Thomas, Sophie. “'Things on Holiday': Collections, Museums and the Poetics of Unruliness.” European Romantic Review, 20.2 (April 2009): 167-175.
Natural Theology:
Peterfreund, Stuart. “From the Forbidden to the Familiar: The Way of Natural Theology Leading Up to and beyond the Long Eighteenth Century.” Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 37 (2008): 23-39.
Geology:
Heringman, Noah. Romantic Rocks, Aesthetic Geology. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 2004. Print.
Landow, George P. “Thomas Burnet & Sublimity of the Ruined Earth.” The Victorian Web. 1988. Web. 2012.
Mitchell, W. J. T. “Romanticism and the Life of Things: Fossils, Totems, and Images.” Critical Inquiry 28:1 (2001): 167-184.
Sullivan, Heather I. “Collecting the Rocks of Time: Goethe, the Romantics and Early Geology.” European Romantic Review 10.3 (1999): 341-70.
Botany:
Bewell, Alan. “Erasmus Darwin's Cosmopolitan Nature.” ELH 76.1 (Spring 2009): 19-48.
Bewell, Alan. “‘Jacobin Plants’: Botany as Social Theory in the 1790s.” TWC 20 (1989): 132-39.
Fulford, Tim. “Coleridge, Darwin, Linnaeus: The Sexual Politics of Botany.”Wordsworth Circle 28.3 (Summer 1997): 124-30.
McNeil, Maureen. Under the banner of science: Erasmus Darwin and His Age. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1987. Print.

 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
Participation and reading notes 
30% 
 
2. 
Presentation  
30% 
 
3. 
Term Paper  
40% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
2/21  Introduction 
第2週
2/28  Holiday 
第3週
3/07  General background 
第4週
3/14  Collecting I: Thing Theory 
第5週
3/21  Off 
第6週
3/28  Collecting II: the Age of Museum 
第7週
4/04  Holiday 
第8週
4/11  Geology I: the Sublime and Tourism 
第9週
4/18  Geology II

 
第10週
4/25  Botany I: Erasmus Darwin and the 1790s 
第11週
5/02  Botany II: Botany and the Empire 
第12週
5/09  Botany III: Charlotte Smith 
第13週
5/16  Botany IV: John Clare 
第14週
5/23  Elizabeth Gaskell I  
第15週
5/30  Elizabeth Gaskell II / Term Paper Proposal due Wed. 5 June 2013 
第16週
6/06  Proposal interview 
第17週
6/13  Mini-conference 
第18週
6/20  Term Paper due 
第19週
6/27  Term Paper interview