課程資訊
課程名稱
西方理性觀念史
The History of the Idea of Reason in the West 
開課學期
110-2 
授課對象
文學院  歷史學研究所  
授課教師
吳展良 
課號
Hist5095 
課程識別碼
123 U9110 
班次
 
學分
3.0 
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期二7,8,9(14:20~17:20) 
上課地點
綜605 
備註
限學士班三年級以上
總人數上限:15人
外系人數限制:5人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1102Hist5095_ 
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課程概述

  本課程將以西方「理性」這一觀念的起源、成熟、中世紀呈現、現代呈現與當代批判為主軸,探索理性觀念的主要內涵與發展。研讀的主要對象為柏拉圖、亞理斯多得、斯多葛學派、聖奧古斯丁、狄卡兒、洛克、休謨、康德、黑格爾、尼采、海德格、韋伯、德希達、哈伯瑪斯等人的關鍵論述與重要二手研究。 

課程目標
使學生對於此一西方思想史的核心觀念之起源、發展、現代呈現與當代批判有深入的理解。 
課程要求
認真研讀、思考與討論。 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
另約時間 
參考書目
Adorno, Theodor W. & Max, Horkheimer. Dialectic of Enlightenment
trans. Edmund Jephcott (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002; Original 1947
in German).
Adorno, Theodor. Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Stanford University Press; 1
edition, 2002.
Beiser, Frederick. The Fate of Reason: German Philosophy from Kant to Fichte.
Harvard University Press; Reprint edition, 1993
Berlin, Isaiah. “The Originality of Machiavelli”.
Bernstein, Richard J. Beyond Objectivism and Relativism Science, Hermeneutics,
and Praxis. University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.
Brubaker, Roger. Limits of Rationality: Essay on the Social and Moral Thought of
Max Weber. HarperCollins Publishers Ltd, 1984.
Burtt, E.A. The metaphysical Foundation of Modern Physical Science. Rev. ed. New
York, 1952; paperback reprint, Garden City. N.Y., 1954.
Cassirer, Ernst. The Philosophy of the Enlightenment, trans. Peter Gay.
Princeton University Press, 2009.
Davidson, Donald. Problems of Rationality. Clarendon Press; 1 edition, 2004.
Descartes, René. The Philosophical Writings of Descartes.3 Vol. Edited and
translated by John Cottingham, Robert Stoothoff, Dugald Murdoch, and Anthony
Kenny. Cambridge University Press, 1984-1991.
Foucault, Michel. "What is Enlightenment?" in The Essential Foucault, eds. Paul
Rabinow and Nikolas Rose, New York: The New Press, 2003, pp.43-57.
Habermas, Jürgen. The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity. Cambridge, MA: MIT
Press, 1990.
Habermas, Jürgen. The Theory of Communicative Action: Reason and the
Rationalization of Society, translated by Thomas McCarthy. Boston: Beacon Press,
1984.
Herbert, Marcuse. Reason and Revolution. Taylor and Francis,2000. ISBN: 978-
0415214506Required
Hobbes, Thomas. "VII. Of the ends, or resolutions of discourse", The English
Works of Thomas Hobbes, 3 (Leviathan) and Hobbes, Thomas, "IX. Of the several
subjects of knowledge", The English Works of Thomas Hobbes, 3 (Leviathan)
Horkheimer, Max. and Adorno, Theodor W. Dialectic of Enlightenment. Translated
by Edmund Jephcott, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002.
Hume, David. A Treatise of Human Nature. Edited by L.A. Selby-Bigge. Oxford:
Clarendon, 1978.
Kirk; Raven; Schofield, The Presocratic Philosophers (second ed.), Cambridge
University Press,1983. See pages 204 and 235.
Locke, John. "XVII Of Reason", An Essay concerning Human Understanding Part 2.
MacIntyre, Alasdair. After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory. 2nd ed. Notre Dame,
Ind.:University of Notre Dame Press, 1984.
Merlin, Donald. The Origins of the Modern Mind: Three Stages in the Evolution of
Culture and Cognition. Harvard University Press, 1993.
Mill, John Stuart. A System of Logic. Book VI, Ch.2.
O’Neill, Onora. Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant's Practical
Philosophy. Cambridge University Press, 1989.
Pojman, Louis P. Ethical Theory: Classical and Contemporary Readings. Wadsworth
Publishing;, 2010.
Santayana, George. The life of Reason, rev. ed. New York, 1954.
Schluchter, Wolfgang. The rise of Western Rationalism: Max Weber's Developmental
History. Translated and with an introduction by Guenther Roth. Berkeley:
University of California Press, 1981.
Schmidt, James. What Is Enlightenment?: Eighteenth-Century Answers and
Twentieth-Century Questions. University of California Press, 1996.
Spinoza, Benedictus de. The Collected Works of Spinoza, Vol. 1. Edited and
translated by Edwin Curley. Princeton University Press, 1985.
Strauss, Leo. And Cropsey, Joseph. Ed. History of Political Philosophy.
University Of Chicago Press; 3rd edition, 1987.
Taylor, Charles. Philosophical Arguments. Harvard University Press, 1997.
Tucker, Robert. The Marx-Engels Reader. Norton. W. W. Norton & Company; 2nd
Revised & enlarged edition, 1978.
Weber, Max. “The Profession and Vocation of Politics.”
Weber, Max. From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. Edited and translated by H. H.
Gerth, and C. Wright Mills.
Weiss, Frederick. Hegel: The Essential Writings. Harper Perennial, 1977.
Whitehead, A. N. The Function of Reason. Princeton, N.J., 1929. 
指定閱讀
MacIntyre, Alasdair. Whose Justice? Which Rationality? University of Notre Dame Press; 1st edition, 1989.
Selections from Plato, Republic.
Aristotle, De Anima III.i-iii; On Memory and Recollection, On Dreams
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics 6 – The Intellectual Virtues
Hume, David. "I.III.XVI. Of the reason of animals", A Treatise of Human Nature.
Selections from Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Practical Reason, translated with introduction, by Lewis White Beck. New York: Liberal Arts Press, 1956.
Selections from Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Pure Reason, translated by Paul Guyer, Allen W. Wood. Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Weber, Max. “The Profession and Vocation of Science.” 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
大學部 
100% 
期末考試80%,上課表現20% 
2. 
研究所 
100% 
期末報告75%,上課表現25% 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
02/15  柏拉圖
Plato, "Meno" 
第2週
02/22  柏拉圖
Plato, Republic, V.I on Justice;
MacIntyre, Alasdair. Whose Justice? Which Rationality? pp. 69-87.
Roochnik, The Tragedy of Reason, 12-35. 
第3週
03/01  亞理斯多得
Aristotle, Categories(first half), from Organ ;
Logic, by Robin Smith, Collected in The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle 
第4週
03/08  亞理斯多得
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics (selected)
MacIntyre, Alasdair. Whose Justice? Which Rationality? pp. 124-145. 
第5週
03/15  斯多葛學派 
第6週
03/22  聖奧古斯丁
MacIntyre, Alasdair. Whose Justice? Which Rationality? pp. 146-163. 
第7週
03/29  狄卡兒
Descartes, Discourse on the Method, selections 
第8週
04/05  洛克與休謨
Hume, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, selections
MacIntyre, Alasdair. Whose Justice? Which Rationality? pp. 300-325.
(*民族掃墓節放假) 
第9週
04/12  康德
Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, selections 
第10週
04/19  康德
Kant, Critique of Practical Reason, selections 
第11週
04/26  黑格爾
Hegel, The Shorter Logic, II: Preliminary Notion;
Hegel, The Shorter Logic, VII: First Division of Logic: The Doctrine of Being, A. QUALITY 
第12週
05/03  尼采
Nietzsche, The Birth of Tragedy, selections 
第13週
05/10  海德格
Heideger, Time and Being, selections 
第14週
05/17  韋伯
Weber, The Profession and Vocation of Science
Wolfgang Schluchter, The Rise of Western Rationalism: Max Weber's Developmental History, slections 
第15週
05/24  德希達 
第16週
05/31  哈伯瑪斯
Habermas, Jürgen. The Theory of Communicative Action: Reason and the Rationalization of Society, translated by Thomas McCarthy. Boston: Beacon Press, 1984. slections
MacIntyre, Alasdair. Whose Justice? Which Rationality? pp. 349-369; 389-403. 
第17週
06/07  期末考 
第0-1週
  研究參考書目 
第0-2週
  講義(課程參考,請勿外流)