課程資訊
課程名稱
西方理性觀念史
The History of the Idea of Reason in the West 
開課學期
105-1 
授課對象
文學院  歷史學研究所  
授課教師
吳展良 
課號
Hist5095 
課程識別碼
123 U9110 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期二7,8,9(14:20~17:20) 
上課地點
博雅307 
備註
限學士班三年級以上
總人數上限:30人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1051Hist5095_ 
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課程概述

本課程將以西方「理性」這一觀念的起源、成熟、中世紀呈現、現代呈現與當代批判為主軸,探索理性觀念的主要內涵與發展。課程重點將放在現代呈現與當代批判,對於其希臘的起源與典範建立亦將特別注意。研讀的主要對象為柏拉圖、亞理斯多得、斯多葛學派、聖奧古斯丁、狄卡兒、洛克、休謨、康德、黑格爾、尼采、海德格、韋伯、阿多諾、霍克海默、德希達等人的關鍵相關論述與重要二手研究 

課程目標
使學生對於此一西方思想史的核心觀念之起源、發展、現代呈現與當代批判有深入的理解 
課程要求
認真研讀、思考與討論 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
每週一 11:00~12:00 
參考書目
參考書目:
Adorno, Theodor W. & Max, Horkheimer. Dialectic of Enlightenment
trans. Edmund Jephcott (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002; Original 1947 in German).
Adorno, Theodor. Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Stanford University Press; 1 edition, 2002.
Beiser, Frederick. The Fate of Reason: German Philosophy from Kant to Fichte. Harvard University Press; Reprint edition, 1993
Berlin, Isaiah. “The Originality of Machiavelli”.
Bernstein, Richard J. Beyond Objectivism and Relativism Science, Hermeneutics, and Praxis. University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.
Brubaker, Roger. Limits of Rationality: Essay on the Social and Moral Thought of Max Weber. HarperCollins Publishers Ltd, 1984.
Burtt, E.A. The metaphysical Foundation of Modern Physical Science. Rev. ed. New York, 1952; paperback reprint, Garden City. N.Y., 1954.
Cassirer, Ernst. The Philosophy of the Enlightenment, trans. Peter Gay. Princeton University Press, 2009.
Davidson, Donald. Problems of Rationality. Clarendon Press; 1 edition, 2004.
Descartes, René. The Philosophical Writings of Descartes.3 Vol. Edited and translated by John Cottingham, Robert Stoothoff, Dugald Murdoch, and Anthony Kenny. Cambridge University Press, 1984-1991.
Foucault, Michel. "What is Enlightenment?" in The Essential Foucault, eds. Paul Rabinow and Nikolas Rose, New York: The New Press, 2003, pp.43-57.
Habermas, Jürgen. The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990.
Habermas, Jürgen. The Theory of Communicative Action: Reason and the Rationalization of Society, translated by Thomas McCarthy. Boston: Beacon Press, 1984.
Herbert, Marcuse. Reason and Revolution. Taylor and Francis,2000. ISBN: 978-0415214506Required
Hobbes, Thomas. "VII. Of the ends, or resolutions of discourse", The English Works of Thomas Hobbes, 3 (Leviathan) and Hobbes, Thomas, "IX. Of the several subjects of knowledge", The English Works of Thomas Hobbes, 3 (Leviathan)
Horkheimer, Max. and Adorno, Theodor W. Dialectic of Enlightenment. Translated by Edmund Jephcott, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002.
Hume, David. A Treatise of Human Nature. Edited by L.A. Selby-Bigge. Oxford: Clarendon, 1978.
Kirk; Raven; Schofield, The Presocratic Philosophers (second ed.), Cambridge University Press,1983. See pages 204 and 235.
Locke, John. "XVII Of Reason", An Essay concerning Human Understanding Part 2.
MacIntyre, Alasdair. After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory. 2nd ed. Notre Dame, Ind.:University of Notre Dame Press, 1984.
Merlin, Donald. The Origins of the Modern Mind: Three Stages in the Evolution of Culture and Cognition. Harvard University Press, 1993.
Mill, John Stuart. A System of Logic. Book VI, Ch.2.
O’Neill, Onora. Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy. Cambridge University Press, 1989.
Pojman, Louis P. Ethical Theory: Classical and Contemporary Readings. Wadsworth Publishing;, 2010.
Santayana, George. The life of Reason, rev. ed. New York, 1954.
Schluchter, Wolfgang. The rise of Western Rationalism: Max Weber's Developmental History. Translated and with an introduction by Guenther Roth. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981.
Schmidt, James. What Is Enlightenment?: Eighteenth-Century Answers and Twentieth-Century Questions. University of California Press, 1996.
Spinoza, Benedictus de. The Collected Works of Spinoza, Vol. 1. Edited and translated by Edwin Curley. Princeton University Press, 1985.
Strauss, Leo. And Cropsey, Joseph. Ed. History of Political Philosophy. University Of Chicago Press; 3rd edition, 1987.
Taylor, Charles. Philosophical Arguments. Harvard University Press, 1997.
Tucker, Robert. The Marx-Engels Reader. Norton. W. W. Norton & Company; 2nd Revised & enlarged edition, 1978.
Weber, Max. “The Profession and Vocation of Politics.”
Weber, Max. From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. Edited and translated by H. H. Gerth, and C. Wright Mills.
Weiss, Frederick. Hegel: The Essential Writings. Harper Perennial, 1977.
Whitehead, A. N. The Function of Reason. Princeton, N.J., 1929.
 
指定閱讀
指定書目:
詳見每週指定閱讀
MacIntyre, Alasdair. Whose Justice? Which Rationality? University of Notre Dame Press; 1st edition, 1989.
Selections from Plato, Republic.
Aristotle, De Anima III.i-iii; On Memory and Recollection
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics 6 – The Intellectual Virtues
Selections from Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Practical Reason, translated with introduction, by Lewis White Beck. New York: Liberal Arts Press, 1956.
Selections from Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Pure Reason, translated by Paul Guyer, Allen W. Wood. Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Weber, Max. “The Profession and Vocation of Science.”
 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
期末考試\報告 
80% 
大學部:期末考試80%,上課表現20%。 研究所:期末報告75%,上課表現25%。 
2. 
上課表現 
20% 
大學部:期末考試80%,上課表現20%。 研究所:期末報告75%,上課表現25%。 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第0週
  課程指定書目(持續修訂中) 
第1週
9/13  柏拉圖
Plato, "Meno" 
第2週
9/20  柏拉圖
Plato, Republic, V1. on Justice;
MacIntyre, Alasdair. Whose Justice? Which Rationality? pp. 69-87. 
第3週
9/27  柏拉圖與亞理斯多得
Roochnik, The Tragedy of Reason, 12-35.  
第4週
10/04  亞理斯多得
Aristotle, Categories(first half), from Organ ;
Logic, by Robin Smith, Collected in The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle  
第5週
10/11  亞理斯多得
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics (selected)
MacIntyre, Alasdair. Whose Justice? Which Rationality? pp. 124-145. 
第6週
10/18  聖奧古斯丁
MacIntyre, Alasdair. Whose Justice? Which Rationality? pp. 146-163. 
第7週
10/25  狄卡兒
Descartes, Discourse on the Method, selections 
第8週
11/01  洛克與休謨
Hume, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, selections
MacIntyre, Alasdair. Whose Justice? Which Rationality? pp. 300-325. 
第9週
11/08  康德
Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, selections 
第10週
11/15  康德
Kant, Critique of Practical Reason, selections 
第11週
11/22  黑格爾
Hegel, The Shorter Logic, II: Preliminary Notion 
第12週
11/29  黑格爾
Hegel, The Shorter Logic, VII: First Division of Logic: The Doctrine of Being, A. QUALITY 
第13週
12/06  尼采
Nietzsche, The Birth of Tragedy, selections 
第14週
12/13  海德格
Heideger, Time and Being, selections 
第15週
12/20  韋伯
Weber, The Profession and Vocation of Science
Wolfgang Schluchter, The Rise of Western Rationalism: Max Weber's Developmental History, slections 
第16週
12/27  阿多諾與霍克海默
Adorno, Theodor W. & Max, Horkheimer. Dialectic of Enlightenment , selections 
第17週
1/03  德希達、哈伯瑪斯及當今世界
Habermas, Jürgen. The Theory of Communicative Action: Reason and the Rationalization of Society, translated by Thomas McCarthy. Boston: Beacon Press, 1984. slections
MacIntyre, Alasdair. Whose Justice? Which Rationality? pp. 349-369; 389-403. 
第18週
  期末評量