課程資訊
課程名稱
專題研究:阿鐸特的實踐哲學
Special Study: The Practical Philosophy of Hadot 
開課學期
106-2 
授課對象
文學院  哲學研究所  
授課教師
苑舉正 
課號
Phl8831 
課程識別碼
124 D2520 
班次
 
學分
1.0 
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期三6(13:20~14:10) 
上課地點
哲研討室二 
備註
本課程中文授課,使用英文教科書。請先徵得授課教師及申請者同意後,始得選課。
限博士班 且 限本系所學生(含輔系、雙修生)
總人數上限:3人 
 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

在這一門研究所的課程中,我將針對斯多噶哲學的經典著作提出詮釋分析與論證。這一門課主要閱讀的經典是阿鐸特(Pierre Hadot)的英譯作品《哲學做為一種生活方式》。這一本書從1987年出版,原文以法文寫成,直到1995年才有英文譯本。本書之所以能夠做為斯多噶哲學的主要原因有二。第一,從縱向的角度而言,本書貫穿西洋哲學史的一貫精神,強調論述的方式、哲學的定義、精神的鍛鍊,以及基督教哲學。本書成為經典的第二個理由是橫向的關係。在希臘哲學與基督教哲學之間,曾經出現過希臘帝國與羅馬帝國兩個輝煌時期。然而這兩個時期的哲學思想卻因為宗教的因素使得後來的基督教哲學不願意承認有異教徒思想的斯多噶學派,導致希臘哲學與基督教哲學之間出現了一段真空期。這種橫向的真空讓我們普遍會覺得希臘哲學與基督教哲學不但格格不入,甚至於有矛盾之處。在這一堂課中我企圖引用阿鐸特的觀點,彌補古代哲學的不足之處以外,還要將重點轉向倫理學的歷史,尤其是二十世紀倫理學的兩部名著:傅柯的《性史》第三冊與麥金塔爾的《德行之後》。這兩部震驚二十世紀倫理學界的主要著作中,都不約而同地談到基督教哲學的壟斷,以及透過德行理念重建倫理學的重要性。
In this course on the classics of Stoicism, I attempt to interpret and argue for the importance of the Stoic philosophy. The text that I will read together with all students is the following: Pierre Hadot, Philosophy as a Way of Life: Spiritual Exercises from Socrates to Foucault, Edited with an introduction by Arnold I. Davidson and Translated by Michael Chase (London: Blackwell, 1995). This book is originally published in French in 1987 and has not been translated in English until 1995. The reason why I consider this publication a text of classics mainly due to the following two reasons: 1. From a historical approach, this book contains a consistent approach towards the history of philosophy, stressing very much on the styles of discourses, definitions of philosophy and the exercises of spirits. 2. From a inter-disciplinary approach, this book looms largely that the gap between the Greek philosophy and the Christian philosophy needs to be supplemented by historical facts. The reasons that I deem the Stoic philosophy extremely important are the above-mentioned two reasons. And moreover, between the Greek and Christian philosophies were there two great empires which paved the way for the further development of what we think today the West. However, the fact that the monotheistic belief did not allow any pagan thinking to spread hinders us from exploring the essential nature of Stoicism causing the vacuum in the history of philosophy. This vacuum explains why the two philosophies are inconsistent, if not somewhat contradictory. I will try to interpret Hadot’s perspectives as remedies for the ancient history of philosophy and focus all the interpretations on their ethical perspectives. I will begin with the two most important ethical treatises of the 20th Century that of M. Foucault History of Sexuality III and A. MacIntyr’s After Virtue. They both adopt the ethical perspectives of the Stoicism and reiterate that ethical problems are the major philosophical issues
 

課程目標
本課程研讀法國哲學家阿鐸特所著的Philosophy as a Way of Life: Spiritual Exercises from Socrates to Foucault。阿鐸特是當代最重要的法國哲學家之一,在本著作中他強調哲學必須是是一種活的經驗(a lived experience),而不是一套教條(a set of doctrines)。哲學作為一種精神練習(spiritual exercises)不能背離其與生活結合的本質。
The students who take this course will be required to reach the following objectives:
• Being familiar with the state of the art and the newest academic information in one's research field
• Being capable of proposing insightful interpretations of the classics of one's research field
• Being capable of proposing original critiques on major issues and philosophers of one's research field
• Being proficient in academic languages
 
課程要求
本課程做如下三項要求。第一,每一個修課學生都應充分閱讀所有指定教材。第二,每一個學生有義務就其期終繳交的報告提出大綱,並針對其內容提出解釋說明其論證之要旨。學期結束後兩周內應繳交報告。 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
Robert Wicks, Modern French Philosophy: From Existentialism to Postmodernism, 2003.
Vincent Descombes, Modern French Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.
 
指定閱讀
Pierre Hadot, Philoospohy as a way of life: Spiritual Exercises from Socrates to Foucault, London: Blackwell, 1995.  
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
學期報告 
100% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
2/28  Part I Method
Forms of Life and Forms of Discourse in Ancient Philosophy
 
第2週
3/07  Forms of Life and Forms of Discourse in Ancient Philosophy 
第3週
3/14  Philosophy, Exegesis, and Creative Mistakes 
第4週
3/21  Philosophy, Exegesis, and Creative Mistakes 
第5週
3/28  Part II Spiritual Exercises
Spiritual Exercises
 
第6週
4/04  Spiritual Exercises 
第7週
4/11  Ancient Spiritual Exercises and “Christian Philosophy” 
第8週
4/18  Ancient Spiritual Exercises and “Christian Philosophy” 
第9週
4/25  Part III Figures
The Figure of Socrates
 
第10週
5/02  The Figure of Socrates 
第11週
5/09  Marcus Aurelius  
第12週
5/16  Marcus Aurelius  
第13週
5/23  Reflections on the Idea of the “Cultivation of the Self” 
第14週
5/30  Reflections on the Idea of the “Cultivation of the Self” 
第15週
6/06  Part IV Themes
“Only the Present is our Happiness”: The Value of the Present Instant in Goethe and in Ancient Philosophy
 
第16週
6/13  The View from Above 
第17週
6/20  The Sage and the World