課程資訊
課程名稱
形上學(S)
Seminar on Problems of Philosophy:metaphysics 
開課學期
102-2 
授課對象
文學院  哲學研究所  
授課教師
彭孟堯 
課號
Phl7051 
課程識別碼
124 M0140 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
必修 
上課時間
星期二2,3,4(9:10~12:10) 
上課地點
哲研討室二 
備註
B領域。
總人數上限:15人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1022Phl7051_ 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

本門課探討形上學的主要問題,包括「性質」(傳統所謂的「共性難題」)、「同一」的問題、實在論的問題、如何理解「必然」以及其他涉及模態的概念(例如「本質」)、「存在」是不是一個述詞/性質的問題、「個別化」的問題、以及Quine主張的「存有相對性」等問題。我們將以閱讀重要哲學文獻的方式來進行,研讀的哲學論文包括Russell、Quine、Armstrong、Kripke…等,重要哲學家在這領域的重要貢獻。
This course is a general survey over major issues in metaphysics: properties (traditionally the problem of universals), identity, necessity (and related modal concepts such as essence), and existence, and Quine's view on ontological relativity. We will read important essays by philosophers such as Russell, Quine, Armstrong, Kripke. 

課程目標
掌握形上學的主要議題與論辯,熟悉此領域的重要研究文獻。
To understand major issues and debates in contemporary metaphysics and get familiar with the relevant literature. 
課程要求
待補 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
論文選輯,如課程進度所列。 
指定閱讀
待補 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
mid-term report 
50% 
Problem -oriented literature review, 5–8 pages,computer-typed, double spaced. The mid-term report should be presented in class. Presentation takes 15 minutes and discussions 35 minutes. 
2. 
term paper 
50% 
can be a refined and expanded version of the mid-term report, references must include at least 3 papers not in our course readings, 12-15 pages, computer-typed, double spaced. 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
2/18  *Armstrong, D.M. (1989). Universals: An Opinioned Introduction. Westview.
Russell, B. (1911). "On the Relations of Universals and Particulars," in his Logic and Knowledge.
Armstrong, D.M. (1974). "The Infinite Regress Argument and the Problem of Universals," Australasian Journal of Philosophy 52, 191-201.
Quine, W.V.O. "Logic and the reification of universals". In From a Logical Point of View. 
第2週
2/25  *Armstrong, D.M. (1989). Universals: An Opinioned Introduction. Westview.
Russell, B. (1911). "On the Relations of Universals and Particulars," in his Logic and Knowledge.
Armstrong, D.M. (1974). "The Infinite Regress Argument and the Problem of Universals," Australasian Journal of Philosophy 52, 191-201.
Quine, W.V.O. "Logic and the reification of universals". In From a Logical Point of View. 
第3週
3/04  *Armstrong, D.M. (1989). Universals: An Opinioned Introduction. Westview.
Russell, B. (1911). "On the Relations of Universals and Particulars," in his Logic and Knowledge.
Armstrong, D.M. (1974). "The Infinite Regress Argument and the Problem of Universals," Australasian Journal of Philosophy 52, 191-201.
Quine, W.V.O. "Logic and the reification of universals". In From a Logical Point of View. 
第4週
3/11  *Armstrong, D.M. (1989). Universals: An Opinioned Introduction. Westview.
Russell, B. (1911). "On the Relations of Universals and Particulars," in his Logic and Knowledge.
Armstrong, D.M. (1974). "The Infinite Regress Argument and the Problem of Universals," Australasian Journal of Philosophy 52, 191-201.
Quine, W.V.O. "Logic and the reification of universals". In From a Logical Point of View. 
第5週
3/18  Kripke, S. (1964). "Identity and Necessity", in Munitz, M.K. (ed., 1971), Identity and Individuation, New York: New York University Press, pp. 135-64. Reprinted in Schwartz, S.P. (ed., 1977), Naming, Necessity, and Natural Kinds, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp. 66-101.
Black, M. (1952). "The Identity of Indiscernibles". Mind, vol. 59, no. 242.
Woods, M.J. (1965). "Identity and Individuation," in R.J. Butler (ed.) (1965), Analytic Philosophy, (second series).
Cartwright, R. (1987). "Identity and Substitutivity," in his Philosophical Essays. 
第6週
3/25  Kripke, S. (1964). "Identity and Necessity", in Munitz, M.K. (ed., 1971), Identity and Individuation, New York: New York University Press, pp. 135-64. Reprinted in Schwartz, S.P. (ed., 1977), Naming, Necessity, and Natural Kinds, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp. 66-101.
Black, M. (1952). "The Identity of Indiscernibles". Mind, vol. 59, no. 242.
Woods, M.J. (1965). "Identity and Individuation," in R.J. Butler (ed.) (1965), Analytic Philosophy, (second series).
Cartwright, R. (1987). "Identity and Substitutivity," in his Philosophical Essays. 
第7週
4/01  Kripke, S. (1964). "Identity and Necessity", in Munitz, M.K. (ed., 1971), Identity and Individuation, New York: New York University Press, pp. 135-64. Reprinted in Schwartz, S.P. (ed., 1977), Naming, Necessity, and Natural Kinds, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp. 66-101.
Black, M. (1952). "The Identity of Indiscernibles". Mind, vol. 59, no. 242.
Woods, M.J. (1965). "Identity and Individuation," in R.J. Butler (ed.) (1965), Analytic Philosophy, (second series).
Cartwright, R. (1987). "Identity and Substitutivity," in his Philosophical Essays. 
第8週
4/08  van Fraassen, B. (1977). "The Only Necessity is Verbal Necessity," Journal of Philosophy 74, 71-85.
Davies, M. & Homberstone, L. (1980). "Two Notions of Necessity". Philosophical Studies, 38, 1-30.
Copi, I.M. (1954). "Essence and Accident". Journal of Philosophy, 51, 706-719. 
第9週
4/15  van Fraassen, B. (1977). "The Only Necessity is Verbal Necessity," Journal of Philosophy 74, 71-85.
Davies, M. & Homberstone, L. (1980). "Two Notions of Necessity". Philosophical Studies, 38, 1-30.
Copi, I.M. (1954). "Essence and Accident". Journal of Philosophy, 51, 706-719. 
第10週
4/22  Presentation of Mid-term report 
第11週
4/29  Presentation of Mid-term report 
第12週
5/06  Quine, W.V.O. "Ontological Relativity," in his Ontological Relativity.
Quine, W.V.O. "On What There Is," in his From a Logical Point of View.
Boolos, G. (1984). "To Be Is To Be the Value of a Variable," Journal of Philosophy, 81, 430-449.
Loux, M. (1974). "Kinds and the Dilemma of Individuation". Review of Metaphysics, 27.
Alston, W.P. (1979). "Yes, Virginia, There Is a Real World". In Moser (Ed.), Reality in Focus.
Putnam, H. "Why There Isn't a Ready-Made World". In Putnam, (1983). Realism and Reason: Philosophical Papers, Vol. 3. 
第13週
5/13  Quine, W.V.O. "Ontological Relativity," in his Ontological Relativity.
Quine, W.V.O. "On What There Is," in his From a Logical Point of View.
Boolos, G. (1984). "To Be Is To Be the Value of a Variable," Journal of Philosophy, 81, 430-449.
Loux, M. (1974). "Kinds and the Dilemma of Individuation". Review of Metaphysics, 27.
Alston, W.P. (1979). "Yes, Virginia, There Is a Real World". In Moser (Ed.), Reality in Focus.
Putnam, H. "Why There Isn't a Ready-Made World". In Putnam, (1983). Realism and Reason: Philosophical Papers, Vol. 3. 
第14週
5/20  Quine, W.V.O. "Ontological Relativity," in his Ontological Relativity.
Quine, W.V.O. "On What There Is," in his From a Logical Point of View.
Boolos, G. (1984). "To Be Is To Be the Value of a Variable," Journal of Philosophy, 81, 430-449.
Loux, M. (1974). "Kinds and the Dilemma of Individuation". Review of Metaphysics, 27.
Alston, W.P. (1979). "Yes, Virginia, There Is a Real World". In Moser (Ed.), Reality in Focus.
Putnam, H. "Why There Isn't a Ready-Made World". In Putnam, (1983). Realism and Reason: Philosophical Papers, Vol. 3. 
第15週
5/27  Quine, W.V.O. "Ontological Relativity," in his Ontological Relativity.
Quine, W.V.O. "On What There Is," in his From a Logical Point of View.
Boolos, G. (1984). "To Be Is To Be the Value of a Variable," Journal of Philosophy, 81, 430-449.
Loux, M. (1974). "Kinds and the Dilemma of Individuation". Review of Metaphysics, 27.
Alston, W.P. (1979). "Yes, Virginia, There Is a Real World". In Moser (Ed.), Reality in Focus.
Putnam, H. "Why There Isn't a Ready-Made World". In Putnam, (1983). Realism and Reason: Philosophical Papers, Vol. 3. 
第16週
6/03  Pears, D.F. (1963). "Is Existence a Predicate?" in P.F. Strawson (ed.) (1967). Philosophical Logic.
Thomson, J. "Is Existence a Predicate?" in P.F. Strawson (ed.) (1967). Philosophical Logic.
Sommers, F. (1973). "Existence and Predication," in Munitz, M.K. (Ed.), Logic and Ontology. 
第17週
6/10  Pears, D.F. (1963). "Is Existence a Predicate?" in P.F. Strawson (ed.) (1967). Philosophical Logic.
Thomson, J. "Is Existence a Predicate?" in P.F. Strawson (ed.) (1967). Philosophical Logic.
Sommers, F. (1973). "Existence and Predication," in Munitz, M.K. (Ed.), Logic and Ontology.