課程資訊
課程名稱
非古典邏輯
Non-classical Logic 
開課學期
99-2 
授課對象
文學院  哲學研究所  
授課教師
楊金穆 
課號
Phl7706 
課程識別碼
124EM4260 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期五6,7,8(13:20~16:20) 
上課地點
哲研討室二 
備註
本課程以英語授課。
總人數上限:15人 
 
課程簡介影片
 
核心能力關聯
核心能力與課程規劃關聯圖
課程大綱
為確保您我的權利,請尊重智慧財產權及不得非法影印
課程概述

自二十世紀中葉以後,非古典邏輯的研究主宰了形式邏輯的發展。邏輯學家提出了各式各樣的非古典邏輯系統及其語意論。這些系統在不同層面對哲學的討論產生影響。這門課的主要是從歷史的角度對非古典邏輯系統的發展提出一宏觀的勾勒。我將特重介紹四個著名的非古典邏輯系統,即三值/多值邏輯、自由邏輯、直覺主義邏輯和模態邏輯。我將介紹上述四個系統的起源和發展,並著重討論產生它們的哲學動機。對每一個系統的介紹將列出其形式語言、各種不同的形式系統和語意論。最後,我也將討論與每一個系統相關的哲學議題。如果可能的話,我也會討論其他的非古典邏輯,如多一致邏輯和相關邏輯。 

課程目標
這門課的主要是從歷史的角度對非古典邏輯系統的發展提出一宏觀的勾勒。 
課程要求
每一週學生需閱讀一篇相關文章,通常選自某些非古典邏輯的原文讀物。學生需要繳交摘要或回答所指定的問題。 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
Second-/Higher-order logic

Shapiro, S. (2001), ystems between first-order and higher-order logic? in Handbook of Philosophical Logic, 2nd edition, Vol. 1, D. M. Gabbay and F. Guenthner (eds.), Dordrecht: Kluwer. 2001, 131-187.
Van Benthem, J., and Doets, K. (2001), igher-order logic? in Handbook of Philosophical Logic, 2nd edition, Vol. 1, D. M. Gabbay and F. Guenthner (eds.), Dordrecht: Kluwer. 2001, 189-243.

Three/Many valued logic

ㄆkasiewicz, Jan (1967a), n the notion of possibility? in Polish Logic 1920-1939, S. McCall (ed.), Oxford: Clarendon Press, 15-16.
----- (1967b), n three-valued logic? Ibid., 16-18.
----- (1967c), n determinism? Ibid., 19-39.
----- (1967d), hilosophical remarks on many-valued systems of propositional logic? Ibid., 40-65.
Urquhart, A. (2001), asic many-valued logic? in Handbook of Philosophical Logic, 2nd edition, Vol. 2, D. M. Gabbay and F. Guenthner (eds.), Dordrecht: Kluwer. 2001, 249-295.

Free logic

Bencivenga, E. (2002), ree logics? in Handbook of Philosophical Logic, 2nd edition, Vol. 5, D. M. Gabbay and F. Guenthner (eds.), Dordrecht: Kluwer. 2002, 147-196.
Lambert, K. ed. (1991), Philosophical Applications of Free Logic, New York: Oxford University Press.
Lehmann, S. (2002), ree logics? in Handbook of Philosophical Logic, 2nd edition, Vol. 5, D. M. Gabbay and F. Guenthner (eds.), Dordrecht: Kluwer. 2002, 197-260.
Woods, J. and Alward, P. (2004), he logic of fiction? in Handbook of Philosophical Logic, 2nd edition, Vol. 11, D. M. Gabbay and F. Guenthner (eds.), Dordrecht: Kluwer. 2004, 241-316.

Intuitionistic logic

Felscher, W. (2002), ialogues as a foundation for intuitionistic logic? in Handbook of Philosophical Logic, 2nd edition, Vol. 5, D. M. Gabbay and F. Guenthner (eds.), Dordrecht: Kluwer, 115-147.
Heyting, Arend (1931/[1983]), he intuitionist foundations of mathematics? original German version in Erkenntnis (1931): 91-121; English translation by Erna Putnam and Gerald J. Massey, in Benacerraf and Putnam (1983), 52-63.
Benacerraf, Paul and Putnam, Hilary eds. (1983), Philosophy of Mathematics, 2rd edition (1st edition, 1964), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
van Dalen, D. (2002), ntuitionistic logic? in Handbook of Philosophical Logic, 2nd edition, Vol. 5, D. M. Gabbay and F. Guenthner (eds.), Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1-114.

Modal logic

Bull, R. A. and Segerberg, K. (2001), asic modal logic? in Handbook of Philosophical Logic, 2nd edition, Vol. 3, D. M. Gabbay and F. Guenthner (eds.), Dordrecht: Kluwer. 2001, 1-81.
Zakharayaschev, M., Wolter, F., and Chagrov, A. (2001), in Handbook of Philosophical Logic, 2nd edition, Vol. 3, D. M. Gabbay and F. Guenthner (eds.), Dordrecht: Kluwer, 83-266.
Garson, J. (2001), uantification in modal logic?in Handbook of Philosophical Logic, 2nd edition, Vol. 3, D. M. Gabbay and F. Guenthner (eds.), Dordrecht: Kluwer, 267-324.
 
指定閱讀
 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
   
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
無資料