課程資訊
課程名稱
帕南論意義
HILARY PUTNAM ON MEANING 
開課學期
97-2 
授課對象
文學院  哲學研究所  
授課教師
文哲 
課號
Phl7659 
課程識別碼
124EM4270 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期二7,8,9(14:20~17:20) 
上課地點
哲210 
備註
本課程以英語授課。D斷代。
總人數上限:15人 
 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

How do words get their meanings? What happens when you think and speak? What are meanings, and where are they? Are they in dictionaries, in people’s heads, or somehow out there in the world? What exactly do we mean when we speak of the meaning of a word? These questions are the topic of the essay “The Meaning of ‘Meaning’”, which was written by Professor Hilary Putnam and appeared in 1975. It can be found in many places, for instance in his collected papers and in particular in the book The Twin Earth Cronicles: Twenty Years of Reflection on Hilary Putnam’s “The Meaning of ‘Meaning’”, Sharpe 1996. This book contains not only Putnam’s original essay, but also twenty articles written by other philosophers about Putnam’s essay. We will first read the original essay and then some of the articles. The authors of these articles are Zemach, Mellor, Schwartz, Searle, Sterelny, Burge (three articles), Dennett, Loar, Fodor (two), Jackson und Pettit, Stalnaker, McGinn, Crane, McDowell, Davidson, McKinsey, and Bilgrami. The articles are collected under three headings: 1. natural kinds and philosophy of language, 2. mental content and mental causation, 3. self-knowledge. This should give an idea what Putnam’s essay is all about. If there is enough interest, the seminar will be continued in the following semester. I plan to give a series of seminars on theories of meaning, including views from Frege, Kripke and others. Hence this is a chance for students to develop a deeper understanidng of this topic.
In 2010, Tyler Burge will come to Tsing Hua University for a conference on his work. This seminar will also be a chance to get familiar with some of Burge’s work.
 

課程目標
Reaching a better understanding of objectivity versus subjectivity, intentionality, twin earth arguments, meaning. In depth study of very focused and research-oriented articles. This is the beginning of a sequence of course I intend to teach on this topic, so that students might want to write their MA or PhD thesis in this field. 
課程要求
Regular attendance, presentations, midterm, final 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
For the start we need Putnam’s essay “The Meaning of ‘Meaning’”, for instance from his Collected Papers, vol. 2, Cambridge UP. Later we use The Twin Earth Cronicles: Twenty Years of Reflection on Hilary Putnam’s “The Meaning of ‘Meaning’”, Sharpe 1996. I have ordered four copies. 
指定閱讀
 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
期中考 
30% 
 
2. 
期末考 
40% 
 
3. 
出席 
30% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
2/17  Intension and extension
Psychological states
Are meanings in the head?
A sociolinguistic hypothesis
Indexicality and rigidity
 
第2週
2/24  Being realistic
Other senses
Other words
Meaning
Stereotypes and communication
What stereotypes are
The ‘operational meaning’ of stereotypes
 
第3週
3/03  Quine’s dogmas revisited
Radical translation
A critique of Davidsonian semantic theory
Critique of California semantics
Semantic markers
The meaning of ‘meaning’
 
第4週
3/10  Eddy Zemach: Putnam’s Theory on the Reference of Substance Terms 60-69 
第5週
3/17  D.H.Mellor: Natural Kinds 69-81 
第6週
3/24  Stephen Schwartz: Putnam on Artifacts 81-89 
第7週
3/31  John Searle: Are Meanings in the Head? 89-98 
第8週
4/07  Kim Sterelny: Natural-Kind Terms 98-115 
第9週
4/14  Midterm 
第10週
4/21  Tyler Burge: Individualism and the Mental 125-142 (1) 
第11週
4/28  Tyler Burge: Individualism and the Mental 125-142 (2) 
第12週
5/05  Tyler Burge: Other Bodies 142-161 (1) 
第13週
5/12  Tyler Burge: Other Bodies 142-161 (2) 
第14週
5/19  Daniel Dennett: Notional Attitudes 161-180 
第15週
5/26  Brian Loar: Social Content and Psychological Content 180-192 
第16週
6/02  Jerry Fodor: Individualism and Supervenience 192-219 (1) 
第17週
6/09  Jerry Fodor: Individualism and Supervenience 192-219 (2) 
第18週
6/16  Final exam