課程資訊
 課程名稱 邏輯哲學專題Topics in the Philosophy of Logic 開課學期 103-2 授課對象 文學院  哲學研究所 授課教師 楊金穆 課號 Phl7001 課程識別碼 124EM7470 班次 學分 3 全/半年 半年 必/選修 選修 上課時間 星期四6,7,8(13:20~16:20) 上課地點 哲研討室二 備註 本課程以英語授課。C領域。總人數上限：15人 課程簡介影片 核心能力關聯 核心能力與課程規劃關聯圖 課程大綱 為確保您我的權利,請尊重智慧財產權及不得非法影印 課程概述 Ever since the establishment of new logic (to be distinguished from the old fashion of Aristotelian Syllogism) in the late nineteenth century (thanks to Frege, Cantor, Boole and some others), and its development in the first half of the twentieth century (thanks to Peano, Russell, Zermelo, Hilbert, Tarski, Godel, Turing, Church, etc.), logic has had a strong and significant impact on the investigation of contemporary philosophy, in particular the so-called Anglo-American philosophy or analytic philosophy. In the heyday of logical positivism (from the late 1920 to1950), it was widely taken for granted that philosophical investigation should take logic as the guiding principle, or even the tribunal for the philosophical debates. This is partly because one of the primary concerns of Frege’s establishment of new logic is to establish a much more solid foundation of mathematics in that all mathematical propositions can be reformulated in a language suitable for logic and all mathematical truths can be proved in such a logical system. (This is why, sometimes, the alleged new logic is sometimes referred to as symbolic logic or mathematical logic.) Another main reason can be also traced back to Frege, which has something to do with the so-called linguistic turn. Frege’s original idea is to deal with the meaning of a singular term such as the numeral ‘0’ (for the number 0) by asking the sense of a sentence/proposition in which the very term occurs, rather than simply asking what it is to which the term refers. To generalize this approach, it is claimed that all philosophical issues/problems can be and should be dealt with by analysing the construction of the related sentences and their meanings. Perhaps it is this approach which paved a way to the flourishing movement of analytic philosophy in the 20th century. As a result, the so-called contemporary philosophy has almost dominated by the philosophy of language, together with a general scope of the study of logic. After the 1950’s, the impact of logic on the investigati 課程目標 The main objectives of this course are: 1. To study the meaning of fundamental concepts involved in formal logic (in particular, those which we have studied in the elementary course), and the related problems. 2. To study philosophically the construction of formal systems. 3. To investigate the philosophical impact of the development of formal logic in the last century (from 1879 to the 1970s) 課程要求 Every week, an essay (or a chapter in a book) will be assigned. In each class time, a student should be in charge of giving a presentation (about 30 minutes with regard to the weekly assigned essay, and all other students should send me by email a summary (about 2-4 pages) of the weekly assigned essay. By the end of semester, a long essay (about 4000 words, i.e., 14 pages in A4 size) is required. 預期每週課後學習時數 Office Hours 參考書目 Read, S. Thinking about Logic: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995. Hale, B. and Wright, C. A Companion to the Philosophy of Language, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1997. Gale, R. M. ed., The Blackwell Guide to Metaphysics, Oxford: Blackwell, 2002. Grayling, A. C. An Introduction to Philosophical Logic, 3rd edition, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1997. Engel, P. The Norm of Truth: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic, New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1991. 指定閱讀 評量方式(僅供參考)
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