課程資訊
課程名稱
身體經驗的跨領域研究一
Interdisciplinary Investigations of Bodily Experiences (Ⅰ) 
開課學期
109-1 
授課對象
文學院  哲學研究所  
授課教師
梁益堉 
課號
Phl7772 
課程識別碼
124 M7480 
班次
 
學分
3.0 
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期五2,3,4(9:10~12:10) 
上課地點
哲研討室二 
備註
本課程中文授課,使用英文教科書。研究所:E領域。 大學部:(C)哲學專題群組。
總人數上限:15人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1091Phl7772_body 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

這門課是對「身體經驗」進行跨領域研究。本課程難度頗高,選課同學應先修過碩士班「自我意識」課程。「身體經驗」涉及到許多重要的哲學與科學議題。例如:心智與身體的關係,意識與自我意識的特性,以及「多重感官整合」如何影響「身體歸屬感」等。本學期將著重於運用虛擬實境技術來了解身體經驗,這樣的跨領域研究能使我們對相關的哲學議題獲得更深入的了解。

In this course we conduct interdisciplinary researches on “bodily experiences.” This is an advanced graduate course. Students are expected to have taken “Self-consciousness” before. Bodily experiences involve many important philosophical and scientific issues, such as the relationship between mind and body, the nature of consciousness and self-consciousness, and how multisensory integration affects the sense of body ownership, etc. In this semester, we will focus on how virtual reality (VR) may enhance our understanding of bodily experiences. Such an interdisciplinary approach will enable us to achieve a deeper understanding on the relevant philosophical issues. 

課程目標
本課程有三項目標:第一,能瞭解「身體經驗」與「身體性的自我意識」之相關問題。第二,學習如何仔細閱讀哲學與科學作品,並練習使寫作更為清晰並具説服力。第三,對於一些重要議題能發展出自己的想法。 
課程要求
學生除了得花功夫研讀困難的哲學作品,在上課時參與討論,評估各種立場的論證,也需要在作業中提出自己的觀點,並加以辯護。 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
另約時間 
參考書目
Here are some useful readings on bodily self-consciousness:

1. Blanke, O., and Metzinger, T. (2009). Full-body illusions and minimal phenomenal selfhood. Trends in cognitive sciences, 13(1), 7-13.
2. Bottini, G. et al. (2002). Feeling touches in someone else's hand. Neuroreport, 13(2), 249-252.
3. Botvinick, M., and Cohen, J. (1998). Rubber hands 'feel' touch that eyes see. Nature, 391(6669), 756.
4. Ehrsson, H. H. (2007). The experimental induction of out-of-body experiences. Science, 317(5841), 1048.
5. Guterstam, A. et al. (2011). The illusion of owning a third arm. PLoS One, 6(2), e17208.
6. Van der Hoort, B., Guterstam, A., and Ehrsson, H. H. (2011). Being Barbie: the size of one’s own body determines the perceived size of the world. PLoS One,6(5), e20195. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0020195
7. Lenggenhager, B. et al. (2007). Video ergo sum: manipulating bodily self-consciousness. Science, 317(5841), 1096-1099.
8. Petkova, V. I., and Ehrsson, H. H. (2008). If I were you: perceptual illusion of body swapping. PloS one, 3(12), e3832. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003832
9. Petkova, V et al. (2011). The perspective matters! Multisensory integration in ego-centric reference frames determines full-body ownership. Frontiers in Psychology, 2(35), 2. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00035
10. Wittgenstein, L. (1958) The Blue and Brown Books, Harper & Row Publishers. 
指定閱讀
See the class schedule below for the required readings. 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
discussion 
10% 
 
2. 
presentations 
40% 
 
3. 
Final Paper 
50% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
9/18  Introduction: bodily experiences and virtual reality 
第2週
9/25  VR and bodily self-consciousness
1. Slater M and Sanchez-Vives MV (2016) Enhancing Our Lives with Immersive Virtual Reality. Front. Robot. AI, 3:74.  
第3週
10/02  中秋節調整放假 
第4週
10/09  國慶日調整放假 
第5週
10/16  VR and body ownership
1. Maselli, A. and Slater, M. (2013). The building blocks of the full body ownership illusion. Front. Hum. Neurosci, 7: 83.
2. Maister, L., Slater, M., Sanchez-Vives, M. V., and Tsakiris, M. (2015). Changing bodies changes minds: owning another body affects social cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 19(1). 
第6週
10/23  VR, perspectives and agency
1. Maselli, A. and Slater, M. (2014). Sliding perspectives: dissociating ownership from self-location during full body illusions in virtual reality. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 8:693.
2. Kokkinara, E. et al. (2016). First Person Perspective of Seated Participants Over a Walking Virtual Body Leads to Illusory Agency Over the Walking. Sci. Rep. 6: 28879. 
第7週
10/30  NeuroPhilosophy Lab 
第8週
11/06  VR, invisible body and OBE
1. Kondo, R., Sugimoto, M., Minamizawa, K., Hoshi, T., Masahiko Inami, M., and Kitazaki, M. (2018). Illusory body ownership of an invisible body interpolated between virtual hands and feet via visual-motor synchronicity. Sci. Rep. 8: 7541.
2. Bourdin, P., Barberia, I., Oliva, R., Slater, M. (2017). A Virtual Out-of-Body Experience Reduces Fear of Death. PLoS ONE, 12(1): e0169343.  
第9週
11/13  VR, perspectives and embodiment
1. Galvan Debarba, H., Bovet, S., Salomon, R., Blanke, O., Herbelin, B., Boulic, R. (2017). Characterizing first and third person viewpoints and their alternation for embodied interaction in virtual reality. PLoS ONE, 12(12): e0190109.
2. Tajadura-Jiménez A, Banakou D, Bianchi-Berthouze N, Slater M. (2017). Embodiment in a Child-Like Talking Virtual Body Influences Object Size Perception, Self-Identification, and Subsequent Real Speaking. Sci Rep. 7(1):9637. 
第10週
11/20  VR and Social Experiences
1. Banakou D, Kishore S and Slater M (2018). Virtually Being Einstein Results in an Improvement in Cognitive Task Performance and a Decrease in Age Bias. Front. Psychol. 9:917.
2. Slater M, Navarro X, Valenzuela J, Oliva R, Beacco A, Thorn J and Watson Z (2018). Virtually Being Lenin Enhances Presence and Engagement in a Scene From the Russian Revolution. Front. Robot. AI, 5:91.  
第11週
11/27  NeuroPhilosophy Lab 
第12週
12/04  VR and Social Experiences
1. Steed A, Pan Y, Watson Z and Slater M (2018). “We Wait”—The Impact of Character Responsiveness and Self Embodiment on Presence and Interest in an Immersive News Experience. Front. Robot. AI, 5:112.  
第13週
12/11  VR and Philosophy
1. Metzinger, T. (2018). Why Is Virtual Reality Interesting for Philosophers? Front. Robot. AI, 5:101. 
第14週
12/18  VR and Ethics
1. Slater M, Gonzalez-Liencres C, Haggard P, Vinkers C, Gregory-Clarke R, Jelley S, Watson Z, Breen G, Schwarz R, Steptoe W, Szostak D, Halan S, Fox D and Silver J (2020). The Ethics of Realism in Virtual and Augmented Reality. Front. Virtual Real. 1:1. 
第15週
12/25  NeuroPhilosophy Lab 
第16週
1/01  元旦 
第17週
1/08  Presentation