課程資訊
課程名稱
早期分析哲學
Early Analytic Philosophy 
開課學期
110-2 
授課對象
文學院  哲學研究所  
授課教師
楊金穆 
課號
Phl7775 
課程識別碼
124 M7550 
班次
 
學分
3.0 
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期四7,8,9(14:20~17:20) 
上課地點
哲研討室二 
備註
本課程中文授課,使用英文教科書。研究所:E領域。 大學部:(B)西方哲學史群組。
總人數上限:15人 
 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

本課程將介紹早期分析哲學的發展歷史,特別是弗列格(Frege)如何帶動語言轉向的潮流,以及他的語言哲學立場與他建立的邏輯系統之間的關係。而羅素(Russell)又是如何發揚及駁斥弗列格的理論,以及他著名的邏輯原子論如何影響往後語言哲學和形上學的發展。最後會介紹維根斯坦(Wittgenstein)對這兩位哲學的回應,以及他在《邏輯哲學論》(Tractutus Logico- Philosophicus)提出的新穎且饒富爭議的看法。 

課程目標
熟悉分析哲學的由來和早期發展,並掌握早期分析哲學家關注的課題(語言哲學、邏輯、邏輯哲學、形上學)及相關爭論和立場。 
課程要求
每週皆有指定閱讀文章。學生應於課前讀完文章,撰寫摘要,並於上課前將摘要寄給老師。每次上課會指定一位同學報告文章內容,其餘同學提問討論。期末應繳交期末報告。 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
Frege, G. The Foundation of Arithmetic (1884)
Frege, G. (1892/[1984]), ‘On sense and reference’ and his ‘Letter to Jourdain’
Frege, G. (1892), ‘On concept and object’; ----- (1892/5), ‘Comments on sense and meaning’
Frege, G. (1918-19), ‘Thought’
Russell, B. (1905/[1956]), ‘On denoting’; ---- (1919/[1993]), ‘Descriptions’
Bostock D. (2012) Chs 7 & 8: 113-150, Russell’s Logical Atomism
Bostock D. (2012): Ch. 9
Bostock D. (2012): Ch. 10
Russell, B. (1918), ‘Facts and propositions’, Section I of The Philosophy of Logical Atomism; Bostock (2012) Ch.12
Frege, G. (1979), ‘Dialogue with Punjer on existence’; Russell, B. (1918), ‘The philosophy of logical atomism’, Section V: ‘General propositions and existence’; Quine, W. V. (1948), ‘On what there is’.
An introduction to Wittgenstein’s Tractatus
Tractatus §§1-7 and evaluation 
指定閱讀
Frege, G. The Foundation of Arithmetic (1884)
Frege, G. (1892/[1984]), ‘On sense and reference’ and his ‘Letter to Jourdain’
Frege, G. (1892), ‘On concept and object’; ----- (1892/5), ‘Comments on sense and meaning’
Frege, G. (1918-19), ‘Thought’
Russell, B. (1905/[1956]), ‘On denoting’; ---- (1919/[1993]), ‘Descriptions’
Bostock D. (2012) Chs 7 & 8: 113-150, Russell’s Logical Atomism
Bostock D. (2012): Ch. 9
Bostock D. (2012): Ch. 10
Russell, B. (1918), ‘Facts and propositions’, Section I of The Philosophy of Logical Atomism; Bostock (2012) Ch.12
Frege, G. (1979), ‘Dialogue with Punjer on existence’; Russell, B. (1918), ‘The philosophy of logical atomism’, Section V: ‘General propositions and existence’; Quine, W. V. (1948), ‘On what there is’.
An introduction to Wittgenstein’s Tractatus
Tractatus §§1-7 and evaluation  
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
每週作業  
30% 
 
2. 
課堂參與  
30% 
 
3. 
期末報告  
40% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
2/17  Part I: Frege and the origin of analytic philosophy
Introduction to the development of analytic philosophy in the 20th century
 
第2週
2/24  Frege’s new logic, logicism and the foundation of arithmetic (Text: Frege, G. The Foundation of Arithmetic (1884))  
第3週
3/03  On sense and reference (Text: Frege, G. (1892/[1984]), ‘On sense and reference’ and his ‘Letter to Jourdain’)  
第4週
3/10  Concept and object; function and concept (Text: Frege, G. (1892), ‘On concept and object’; ----- (1892/5), ‘Comments on sense and meaning’)  
第5週
3/17  Frege on thought (Text: Frege, G. (1918-19), ‘Thought’)  
第6週
3/24  Part II: Russell’s philosophy
Russell on denoting (Text: Russell, B. (1905/[1956]), ‘On denoting’; ---- (1919/[1993]), ‘Descriptions’)
 
第7週
3/31  Acquaintance, knowledge and its foundations (Text: Bostock D. (2012) Chs 7 & 8: 113-150, Russell’s Logical Atomism)  
第8週
4/07  Logical constructions: Matter (Text: Bostock D. (2012): Ch. 9)  
第9週
4/14  Mid-of-term (Break)  
第10週
4/21  Logical Constructions (ii) Mind (Text: Bostock D. (2012): Ch. 10)  
第11週
4/28  Russell’s logical atomism: Proposition, universals and facts (Text: Russell, B. (1918), ‘Facts and propositions’, Section I of The Philosophy of Logical Atomism; Bostock (2012) Ch.12)  
第12週
5/05  Frege, Russell and Quine on existence (Text: Frege, G. (1979), ‘Dialogue with Pünjer on existence’; Russell, B. (1918), ‘The philosophy of logical atomism’, Section V: ‘General propositions and existence’; Quine, W. V. (1948), ‘On what there is’.)  
第13週
5/12  Part III: Early Wittgenstein: Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
Text: An introduction to Wittgenstein’s Tractatus 
第14週
5/19  Text: Tractatus §§1-3 
第15週
5/26  Text: Tractatus §4  
第16週
6/02  Text: Tractatus §5  
第17週
6/09  Text: Tractatus §§6-7 and evaluation 
第18週
6/16  End-of-term Exam. (Write an essay, no lesser than 2000 words and preferably about 4000 words)