課程資訊
課程名稱
身體經驗的跨領域研究二
Interdisciplinary Investigations of Bodily Experiences (Ⅱ) 
開課學期
104-1 
授課對象
文學院  哲學研究所  
授課教師
梁益堉 
課號
Phl7776 
課程識別碼
124 M7560 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期二7,8,9(14:20~17:20) 
上課地點
哲研討室二 
備註
本課程中文授課,使用英文教科書。E領域。
總人數上限:15人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1041Phl7776_bodyII 
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課程概述

這是一門關於「身體經驗」之進階的研究型課程,選課同學應先修過「身體經驗的跨領域研究一」。我們會深入探討許多涉及「身體經驗」的哲學與科學議題。例如:「身體歸屬感」與「經驗歸屬感」之間是否有必然關聯?「身體歸屬感」的可塑性有沒有極限?藉由視覺與觸覺的操弄,可不可能引發「擁有四隻手」的主觀經驗?「第一人稱觀點」與「第二人稱觀點」之間的關係是什麼?「身體位置感」與「自我位置感」是相同的主體經驗嗎?我們除了討論相關的哲學作品與認知神經科學的論文,也會嘗試設計實驗來研究各種「身體錯覺」。例如:自我觸碰錯覺、身體交換錯覺,以及我們最近在「神經科學與哲學研究室」設計的「四隻手錯覺」與新版的「全身錯覺」等。研究這些新議題將有助於瞭解身體與意識之間的複雜關係。
 

課程目標
本課程有四項目標:第一,能瞭解與身體經驗相關的哲學問題。第二,學習設計實驗來從事跨領域研究。第三,學習如何仔細閱讀哲學與科學論文,並練習使寫作更為清晰。第四,對於一些重要議題能發展出自己的想法。
 
課程要求
學生除了得花功夫研讀困難的哲學作品,在上課時參與討論,評估各種立場的論證,也需要在作業中提出自己的觀點,並加以辯護。 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
Readings will be selected from the following list:
1. Blanke, O., and Metzinger, T., Full-body illusions and minimal phenomenal selfhood. Trends in cognitive sciences, 2009, 13(1), 7-13.
2. Blanke, O., Multisensory brain mechanisms of bodily self-consciousness. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2012, 13, 556-571.
3. Christoff, K., Cosmelli, D., Legrand, D., and Thompson, E., Specifying the self for cognitive neuroscience. Trends in cognitive sciences, 2011, 15(3), 104-112.
4. De Vignemont, F., “A Multimodal Conception of Bodily Awareness”, Mind, 2014, 123: 990-1020.
5. Ehrsson, H. H., How many arms make a pair? Perceptual illusion of having an additional limb. Perception, 2009, 38(2), 310-312.
6. Folegatti, A., Farne, A., Salemme, R., de Vignemont, F., The rubber hand illusion: Two’s a company, but three’s a crowd. Consciousness and cognition, 2012, 21(2), 779-812.
7. Froese, T., Iizuka, H., and Ikegami, T., Using minimal human-computer interfaces for studying the interactive development of social awareness. Frontiers in Psychology, 2014, 5, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01061
8. Fuchs, T., The phenomenology and development of social perspectives. Phenomenology and cognitive science, 2013, 12(4), doi: 10.1007/s11097-012-9267-x
9. Gallagher, S. (Ed.) The Oxford handbook of self. Oxford University Press, 2011.
10. Guterstam, A., Petkova, V. I., and Ehrsson, H. H., The illusion of owning a third arm. PLoS One, 2011, 6(2), e17208.
11. Legrand, D., Pre-reflective self-as-subject from experiential and empirical perspectives. Consciousness and cognition, 2007, 16(3), 583-599.
12. Legrand, D., Myself with No Body? Body, Bodily-Consciousness and Self-consciousness. In Handbook of Phenomenology and Cognitive Science, 2010, pp. 180-200. Springer Netherlands.
13. Liang, C., “Self-as-Subject and Experiential Ownership”, In T. Metzinger & J. M. Windt (Eds). Open MIND: 2015, 24(T), 1-19. Frankfurt am Main: MIND Group.
14. Liang, C., “Can Experiential Ownership Violate the Immunity Principle? —A Reply to Oliver Haug & Marius F. Jung”, In T. Metzinger & J. M. Windt (Eds). Open MIND: 2015, 24(R), 1-6. Frankfurt am Main: MIND Group.
15. Liang, C.*, Chang, S. Y., Chen, W. Y., Huang, H. C., Lee, Y. T., “Body ownership and experiential ownership in the self-touching illusion”, Frontiers in Psychology: Consciousness Research, 2015, 5:1591, 1-13.
16. Maselli, A., and Slater, M., Sliding perspectives: dissociating ownership from self-location during full body illusions in virtual reality. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2014, 8:693, 1-19.
17. Metzinger, T., Being No One. MIT Press, 2003.
18. Metzinger, T., Empirical perspectives from the self-model theory of subjectivity: A brief summary with examples. In Banerjee & Chakrabarti (Eds.), Progress in Brain Research, 2008, 168, 215-246.
19. Peacocke, C., The Mirror of the World: Subjects, Consciousness, and Self-Consciousness. Oxford University Press, 2014.
20. Prosser, S., and Recanati, F. (Eds.) Immunity to error through misidentification: new essays. Cambridge University Press, 2012.
21. Serino, A., Alsmith, A., Costantini, M., Mandrigin, A., Tajadura-Jimenez, A., and Lopez, C., Bodily ownership and self-location: components of bodily self-consciousness. Consciousness and cognition, 2013, 22(4), 1239-1252.
22. Wittgenstein, L., The Blue and Brown Books, Harper & Row Publishers, 1958.
23. Zahn, R., Talazko, J., & Ebert, D., Loss of the Sense of Self-Ownership for Perceptions of Objects in a Case of Right Inferior Temporal, Parieto-Occipital and Precentral Hypometabolism. Psychopathology, 2008, 41, 397-402.
 
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