課程資訊
課程名稱
行動理性
Rationality in Action 
開課學期
105-1 
授課對象
文學院  哲學研究所  
授課教師
文哲 
課號
Phl7782 
課程識別碼
124EM7700 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期四A,B,C(18:25~21:05) 
上課地點
哲研討室二 
備註
本課程以英語授課。E領域。
總人數上限:15人 
 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

John Searle was born in 1932. He is an American philosopher, and he has contributed on topics such as speech acts, philosophy of language, intentionality, philosophy of mind, consciousness, and social reality. In this course we will read his book of 2001, entitled “Rationality in Action.” The book has 298 pages, but it is very generously printed. It is a short book. Searle is a very good writer, very accessible, and clear. He is very much down to earth. On the cover the book is introduced as follows: “The study of rationality and practical reason, or rationality in action, has been central to Western intellectual culture. In this invigorating book, John Searle lays out six claims of what he calls the Classical Model of rationality and shows why they are false. He then presents an alternative theory of the role of rationality in thought and action. A central point of Searle's theory is that only irrational actions are directly caused by beliefs and desires -- for example, the actions of a person in the grip of an obsession or addiction. In most cases of rational action, there is a gap between the motivating desire and the actual decision making. The traditional name for this gap is "freedom of the will." According to Searle, all rational activity presupposes free will. For rationality is possible only where one has a choice among various rational as well as irrational options. Unlike many philosophical tracts, Rationality in Action invites the reader to apply the author's ideas to everyday life. Searle shows, for example, that contrary to the traditional philosophical view, weakness of will is very common. He also points out the absurdity of the claim that rational decision making always starts from a consistent set of desires. Rational decision making, he argues, is often about choosing between conflicting reasons for action. In fact, humans are distinguished by their ability to be rationally motivated by desire-independent reasons for action. Extending his theory of rationality to the self, Searle shows how rational deliberation presupposes an irreducible notion of the self. He also reveals the idea of free will to be essentially a thesis of how the brain works. 

課程目標
The students will learn about rationality and how it has a place in our lives. They will learn how to analyze arguments, assumptions, and positions, how to write summaries, and how to develop and present their own views in discussion and in writing. They will improve their English. The course will be taught in English. 
課程要求
non 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
Main text:
John Searle: Rationality in Action. MIT 2001.
Additional texts, also by John Searle:
Intentionality. Cambridge University Press 1983.
The Rediscovery of the Mind. MIT 1992.
The Construction of Social Reality. New York: The Free Press 1995
The Mystery of Consciousness. The New York Review of Books Inc 1997.
Mind, Language, and Society. Basic Books 1999.
 
指定閱讀
John Searle: Rationality in Action. MIT 2001. 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
Participation 
30% 
 
2. 
Midterm 
30% 
 
3. 
Final  
40% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
9/15  Introduction 
第2週
9/22  The classical model of rationality and its weakness 
第3週
9/29  Basic structure of Intentionality, action, and meaning. Part 1 
第4週
10/06  Basic structure. Part 2 
第5週
10/13  The gap: of time and the self 
第6週
10/20  The logical structure of reason. Part 1 
第7週
10/27  The logical structure of reason. Part 2 
第8週
11/03  Review and additional literature 
第9週
11/10  Midterm 
第10週
11/17  Some special feature of practical reason: strong altruism as a logical requirement. 
第11週
11/24  How to create desire-independent reasons for action. Part 1 
第12週
12/01  How to create. Part 2 
第13週
12/08  Weakness of will 
第14週
12/15  Why there is no deductive logic of practical reason 
第15週
12/22  Consciousness, free action, and the brain 
第16週
12/29  Additional material 
第17週
1/05  Review 
第18週
1/12  Final