課程資訊
課程名稱
後設倫理學專題:建構論
Topics in Metaethics: Constructivism 
開課學期
106-1 
授課對象
文學院  哲學研究所  
授課教師
王榮麟 
課號
Phl7787 
課程識別碼
124 M7760 
班次
 
學分
3.0 
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期四6,7,8(13:20~16:20) 
上課地點
哲研討室三 
備註
本課程中文授課,使用英文教科書。D領域。
總人數上限:15人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1061Phl7787_construc 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

是否有規範的真理?建構論與實在論都主張有。實在論往往認為規範的真理乃是獨立於人的心靈而存在,並且是基於獨立自存的規範事實而有。建構論則主張並無所謂獨立自存的規範事實,並且規範的真理(例如有關正義、價值、行為之對錯、行為之理由的真理)乃是經由某種程序的建構而有。建構論的立場眾多,本課程主要聚焦於後設倫理學中的兩種建構論立場:康德式建構論和休謨式建構論。康德式建構論主張經由程序可建構出對於一切的理性行動者皆普遍適用的規範真理;相對於此,休謨式建構論則質疑任何關於規範真理之客觀性的絕對主義,並極力主張被建構之規範真理的相對客觀性。在本課程中,我們將閱讀關於建構論的重要著作,尤其關注於康德式和休謨式建構論之間的爭辯議題,然後分析並檢視其論證是否成立。
Are there any normative truths? Both constructivism and realism answer this question in the affirmative. According to realism, normative truths are mind-independent and have as their truth-maker the corresponding intrinsically normative facts. In contrast, constructivism denies that mind-independent normative facts exist, and holds instead that normative truths (regarding, for example, justice, value, moral obligation, reason for action, etc.) are constructed by way of some procedure. Among a variety of constructivist positions, only two will be our main concern: Kantian constructivism and Humean constructivism. According to Kantian constructivism, the normative truths issuing from the procedure of construction apply to any rational agent as such. According to Humean constructivism, however, the claim that normative truths are absolutely objective is untenable; in addition, Humean relativism about normative truths would turn out to fare better than Kantian absolutism. In this course, we will read and examine some important works on constructivism and, in particular on the issue debated between Kantian and Humean constructivists. 

課程目標
(1)使同學們有機會反思價值的來源。
(2)使同學們更深入理解建構論。
(3)仔細檢視康德式和休謨式建構論,若是可能,尋求其爭議的解決之道。
 
課程要求
出席參與討論、上課前閱讀指定文獻、作業(閱讀之後提出可深入討論的關鍵問題)、輪流報告章節、期末報告 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
另約時間 
參考書目
Bagnoli, C. (ed.) (2013) Constructivism in Ethics, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Galvin, R. (2011) “Rounding up the Usual Suspects: Varieties of Kantian Constructivism in Ethics,” Philosophical Quarterly, 61: 16–36
Hill, Thomas E., Jr. (1989) “Kantian Constructivism in Ethics,” Ethics, 99: 752–770.
Krasnoff, L. (1999) “How Kantian is Constructivism,” Kant Studien, 90: 385–409.
Lenman, J. & Shemmer, Y. (eds.) (2012) Constructivism in Practical Philosophy, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
O’Neill, O. (1988) “Constructivisms in Ethics,” Presidential Address, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society LXXXIX(1988–89): 1–17.
Street, S. (unpublished ms.) “How to Be a Relativist about Normativity”
Tiffany, E. (2006) “How Kantian Must Kantian Constructivists Be?” Inquiry, 49: 524–46. 
指定閱讀
Bagnoli, C. (2002) “Moral Constructivism: A Phenomenological Argument,” Topoi, 21: 125–138.
Enoch, D. (2009) “Can There Be a Global, Interesting, Coherent Constructivism about Practical Reason?” Philosophical Explorations, 12: 319–339.
Hussain, N. & N. Shah (2006) “Misunderstanding Metaethics: Korsgaard's Rejection of Realism,” Oxford Studies in Metaethics, 1: 265–294.
Korsgaard, C.M. (2003) “Realism and Constructivism in Twentieth-Century Moral Philosophy,” The Journal of Philosophical Research, APA Centennial Supplement, Philosophy in America at the End of the Century, 2003: 99–122.
Lenman, J. (2010) “Humean Constructivism in Moral Theory,” Oxford Studies in Metaethics, 5: 175–193.
Parfit, D. (2017) “Street’s Meta-Ethical Constructivism,” in On What Matters, vol. 3: 264-290.
Ronzoni, M. & L. Valentini (2008) “On the Metaethical Status of Constructivism,” Politics, Philosophy & Economics, 7: 403–422.
Scanlon, T. M. (2012) "The Appeal and Limits of Constructivism" in Jimmy Lenman & Yonatan Shemmer (eds.) Constructivism in Practical Philosophy, Oxford Unicersity Press: 226-242.
Skorupski (1998) "Rescuing Moral Obligation," European Journal of Philosophy, 6: 335-355.
Stern (2011) "The Value of Humanity: Reflections on Korsgaard's Transcendental Argument" in Joel Smith & Peter Sullivan (eds.) Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism, Oxford University Press.
Street, S. (2008) “Constructivism about Reasons,” Oxford Studies in Metaethics, 3: 208–245.
Street, S. (2009) “In Defense of Future Tuesday Indifference: Ideally Coherent Eccentrics and the Contingency of What Matters,” Philosophical Issues, vol. 19: 273-298.
Street, S. (2010) “What is Constructivism in Ethics and Metaethics?” Philosophy Compass, 5: 363–384.
Street. S. (2012) “Coming to Terms with Contingency: Humean Constructivism” in Jimmy Lenman & Yonatan Shemmer (eds.) Constructivism in Practical Philosophy, Oxford Unicersity Press: 40-59.
Timmons, M. (2003) “The Limits of Moral Constructivism,” Ratio, 16: 391–423. 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
出席參與討論 
40% 
 
2. 
課堂口頭報告 
10% 
 
3. 
期末書面報告 
50% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
9/14  課程說明 
第2週
9/21  Korsgaard, C.M. (2003) “Realism and Constructivism in Twentieth-Century Moral Philosophy” 正昕 
第3週
9/28  Bagnoli, C. (2002) “Moral Constructivism: A Phenomenological Argument” 鈺婷 
第4週
10/05  Skorupski (1998) "Rescuing Moral Obligation" 任遠 
第5週
10/12  停課 
第6週
10/19  Stern (2011) "The Value of Humanity: Reflections on Korsgaard's Transcendental Argument" 煦南 
第7週
10/26  Street, S. (2008) “Constructivism about Reasons” 祐任 
第8週
11/02  Street, S. (2009) “In Defense of Future Tuesday Indifference: Ideally Coherent Eccentrics and the Contingency of What Matters” 資鍇 
第9週
11/09  期中考週 
第10週
11/16  Street, S. (2010) “What is Constructivism in Ethics and Metaethics?” 逸平 
第11週
11/23  Street. S. (2012) “Coming to Terms with Contingency: Humean Constructivism” 小花 
第12週
11/30  Parfit, D. (2017) “Street’s Meta-Ethical Constructivism” 德萱 
第13週
12/07  Scanlon, T. M. (2012) "The Appeal and Limits of Constructivism" 詩強 
第14週
12/14  Timmons, M. (2003) “The Limits of Moral Constructivism” 雍仁 
第15週
12/21  Hussain, N. & N. Shah (2006) “Misunderstanding Metaethics: Korsgaard's Rejection of Realism” 瑋茹 
第16週
12/28  Ronzoni, M. & L. Valentini (2008) “On the Metaethical Status of Constructivism” 慧芬 
第17週
1/04  Enoch, D. (2009) “Can There Be a Global, Interesting, Coherent Constructivism about Practical Reason?” 子軒 
第18週
1/11  Lenman, J. (2010) “Humean Constructivism in Moral Theory” 彥彤