課程資訊
課程名稱
相對論與時間
The Theory of Relativity and Time 
開課學期
107-2 
授課對象
文學院  哲學研究所  
授課教師
周先捷 
課號
Phl7792 
課程識別碼
124 M7880 
班次
 
學分
3.0 
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期二A,B,C(18:25~21:05) 
上課地點
普204 
備註
本課程中文授課,使用英文教科書。E領域。
總人數上限:15人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1072Phl7792_ 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

這門課將粗分為兩部分。第一部分是介紹相對論下的時空。課程從簡單的(古典)時空出發,一步步介紹到相對論的時空,以期對後者有清晰的瞭解。第二部分是探討相對論時空下的各種時間理論。具體來說,在狹義相對論下,絕對同時性不存在,那麼能有一個所謂的“現在”嗎?課程將會探討不同的理論如何處理這個問題。課程最後將探討有沒有可能宇宙在根本上是沒有時間的?
修課者不需具備大學以上的物理學或數學背景。 

課程目標
本課程的主要目標是建立對相對論時空的基本認識,並學習如何分析和評價相關的時間理論,以及發展與構思自己的想法。為了達成這些目標,本課程將非常依賴課堂討論,報告,和寫作。 
課程要求
Each student is expected to read the assignments before class, attend every class, and participate in in-class discussions. Essays should focus on showing your own philosophical assessment and argument about a given view. 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
指定閱讀: 詳課程進度所列
Selected readings from various sources, which will be made available online.
參考書目:
Maudlin, T. (2012), Philosophy of Physics: Space and Time
Geroch, R. (1978), General Relativity from A to B. 
指定閱讀
第1週 ■Introduction & Newtonian Spacetime
●Maudlin, T. (2012), Philosophy of Physics: Space and Time, Ch 1 & 2.

第2週 ■Neo-Newtonian Spacetime
●Maudlin, T. (2012), Philosophy of Physics: Space and Time, Ch 2 & 3.

第3週 ■Minkowski Spacetime
●Maudlin, T. (2012), Philosophy of Physics: Space and Time, Ch 4.

第4週 ■The Physics of Measurement
●Maudlin, T. (2012), Philosophy of Physics: Space and Time, Ch. 5.

第5週 ■General Relativity
●Maudlin, T. (2012), Philosophy of Physics: Space and Time, Ch. 6.

第6週 ■1st Assignment Presentation

第7週 ■Is Presentness Compatible with Special Relativity?
●Putnam, H. (1967), “Time and Physical Geometry”, Journal of Philosophy 64: 240-247.
●Stein, H. (1968), “On Einstein-Minkowski Space-Time”, Journal of Philosophy 65: 5-23.

第8週 ■Taking Tense Seriously?
●Zimmerman, Dean W. (2005). “The A-Theory of Time, the B-Theory of Time, and ‘Taking Tense Seriously.’” Dialectica 59(4): 401-457.

第9週 ■Special Relativism?
●Fine, K. (2005), “Tense and Reality”, in Modality and Tense, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 261-320.

第10週 ■Special Relativism?
●Hofweber & Lange (2017), “Fine's Fragmentalist Interpretation of Special Relativity,” Noûs 51(4): 871–883.
●Bacon (2018), "Tense and Relativity," Noûs 52(3):667–696

第11週 ■2nd Assignment Presentation

第12週 ■Globalism
● Zimmerman, Dean W. (2011). “Presentism and the Space-Time Manifold.” In The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Time, edited by C. Callender, New York: Oxford University Press, 163-246.

第13週 ■Localism - Relativistic Moving Spotlight
●Skow (2015), Objective Becoming, Ch 9.
●Deasy (2018), “Skow on Robust Passage and The Moving Spotlight Theory,” Philosophical Studies, 175:1791–1805.

第14週 ■Localism - Relativistic Branching Spacetime
●Pooley, Oliver (2013). “Relativity, the Open Future, and the Passage of Time.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 113(3): 321-363.

第15週 ■Does Time Exist?
●Barbour, J. (1999), “That Damned Equation”, “The Philosophy of Timelessness” and “Static Dynamics and Time Capsules” in The End of Time. Oxford: Oxford University Press 238-267.

第16週
●Healey, R. (2002), “Can Physics Coherently Deny the Reality of Time?” in C. Callender (ed.), Time, Reality and Experience. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 293-316.
●Ismael, J. (2002), “Remembrances, Mementos and Time-Capsules” in C. Callender (ed.), Time, Reality and Experience. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 317-328.

第17週 ■3rd Assignment Presentation

第18週 ■Research Paper Draft Presentation
 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
Three short assignments 
60% 
Three short assignments 60% (20% each) 
2. 
One research paper 
40% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
2/19  ■Introduction & Newtonian Spacetime
●Maudlin, T. (2012), Philosophy of Physics: Space and Time, Ch 1. 
第2週
2/26  ■Is Space Merely Spatial Relations of Objects?
●Geroch, R. (1978), General Relativity from A to B, Ch 1-2.
●Maudlin, T. (2012), Philosophy of Physics: Space and Time, Ch 2. 
第3週
3/05  ■Neo-Newtonian Spacetime
●Geroch, R. (1978), General Relativity from A to B, Ch 3
●Maudlin, T. (2012), Philosophy of Physics: Space and Time, Ch 3. 
第4週
3/12  ■Minkowski Spacetime
●Geroch, R. (1978), General Relativity from A to B, Ch 4-5.
●Maudlin, T. (2012), Philosophy of Physics: Space and Time, Ch. 4. 
第5週
3/19  ■General Relativity
●Geroch, R. (1978), General Relativity from A to B, Ch 7. 
第6週
3/26  ■1st Assignment Presentation 
第7週
4/02  ■Is Presentness Compatible with Special Relativity?
●Putnam, H. (1967), “Time and Physical Geometry”, Journal of Philosophy 64: 240-247.
●Stein, H. (1968), “On Einstein-Minkowski Space-Time”, Journal of Philosophy 65: 5-23. 
第8週
4/09  ■Taking Tense Seriously?
●Zimmerman, Dean W. (2005). “The A-Theory of Time, the B-Theory of Time, and ‘Taking Tense Seriously.’” Dialectica 59(4): 401-457. 
第9週
4/16  ■Localism - Relativistic Branching Spacetime
●Pooley, Oliver (2013). “Relativity, the Open Future, and the Passage of Time.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 113(3): 321-363. 
第10週
4/23  ■Localism - Relativistic Moving Spotlight & Diamond
●Skow, Bradford (2009). “Relativity and the Moving Spotlight.” The Journal of Philosophy 106: 666-678.
●Savitt, Steven F. (2009). “The Transient Nows.” In Quantum Reality, Relativistic Causality, and Closing the Epistemic Circle, edited by W. Myrvold & J. Christian, Springer, 349-362. 
第11週
4/30  ■2nd Assignment Presentation 
第12週
5/07  ■Globalism
● Zimmerman, Dean W. (2011). “Presentism and the Space-Time Manifold.” In The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Time, edited by C. Callender, New York: Oxford University Press, 163-246. 
第13週
5/14  ■Special Relativism?
●Fine, K. (2005), “Tense and Reality”, in Modality and Tense, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 261-320. 
第14週
5/21  ■Does Time Exist?
●Barbour, J. (1999), “That Damned Equation”, “The Philosophy of Timelessness” and “Static Dynamics and Time Capsules” in The End of Time. Oxford: Oxford University Press 238-267.  
第15週
5/28  ●Healey, R. (2002), “Can Physics Coherently Deny the Reality of Time?” in C. Callender (ed.), Time, Reality and Experience. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 293-316.
●Ismael, J. (2002), “Remembrances, Mementos and Time-Capsules” in C. Callender (ed.), Time, Reality and Experience. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 317-328.
 
第16週
6/04  ■3rd Assignment Presentation 
第17週
6/11  ■Research Paper Draft Presentation 
第18週
6/18  ■Research Paper Draft Presentation