課程資訊
課程名稱
物質哲學綜覽
Overview of Philosophy of Matter 
開課學期
107-2 
授課對象
文學院  哲學研究所  
授課教師
陳樂知 
課號
Phl7793 
課程識別碼
124 M7890 
班次
 
學分
3.0 
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期二8,9,10(15:30~18:20) 
上課地點
博雅204 
備註
本課程中文授課,使用英文教科書。B領域。
總人數上限:15人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1072Phl7793_ 
課程簡介影片
 
核心能力關聯
核心能力與課程規劃關聯圖
課程大綱
為確保您我的權利,請尊重智慧財產權及不得非法影印
課程概述

[注意:本課程將於哲學系406室(陳樂知辦公室)進行。]

本課程將綜覽有關物質的各種形上學議題:

1. 物質是客觀的存在,還是如柏克萊(George Berkeley)的唯心主義所說,「存在就是被感知?」
2. 哲學家常常談起物質的性質,但如何理解「性質」這個概念?
3. 物質除了其運動以外,有其內在的、根本的性質嗎?
4. 如有,我們能夠認識那些內在性質嗎?那些內在性質會不會是「意識」?
5. 物質所遵從的物理法則是必然還是偶然的?
6. 物質所遵從的形而上法則是必然還是偶然的?
7. 這個世界會不會像某些極端的一元論者所說,其實只有一個物體?

This course is an overview of topics in philosophy of matter, including:
1. Is matter an objective existence, or is it as described by the idealist George Berkeley, ‘to be is to be perceived’?
2. Philosophers often talk about properties of matter, but what are ‘properties’? Further, what is the distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic properties?
3. Apart from its motions, does matter have a fundamental, intrinsic nature?
4. If yes, can we know of any such nature? Is it ‘consciousness’?
5. Are the physical laws which govern matter necessary or contingent?
6. Are the metaphysical principles which govern matter necessary or contingent?
7. Does our world, as some radical monists remark, contain only one object?
 

課程目標
引導同學:
1. 了解物質哲學的一些基本議題和脈絡。
2. 建立對物質哲學的個人見解。
3. 對哲學議題的申論和寫作能力達至研究所程度。

Upon completing this course, students will have:
1. understood some basic topics in and context of philosophy of matter.
2. developed their own views on philosophy of matter.
3. improved their argumentative and writing skills, meeting the postgraduate standard.
 
課程要求
由於是研究所課,課堂將以報告及討論的形式進行。同學需確實閱讀文本,理解文意,積極參與課堂討論。 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
Langton, Rae 1998, Kantian humility: our ignorance of things in themselves, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bird, A 2007, Nature’s metaphysics: laws and properties, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Marmodoro, Anna 2013, The metaphysics of powers: their grounding and their manifestations, New York: Routledge.
Mumford, Stephen 1998, Dispositions, Oxford: Oxford University Press. 
指定閱讀
見每週進度表。
 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
課堂表現 
30% 
每週由一位同學對指定閱讀作出報告,並由另一位同學對指定閱讀作出批判。 
2. 
期中論文 
35% 
 
3. 
期末論文 
35% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
2/19  課程介紹 
第2週
2/26  [Realism]
Bertrand Russell, ‘Appearance and reality’,‘The existence of matter’.
 
第3週
3/05  [Idealism]
George Berkeley, Of the principles of human knowledge, Part 1, sections 1-40.
 
第4週
3/12  [The manifest image and the scientific image]
Wilfrid Sellars, ‘Philosophy and the scientific image of man’.
 
第5週
3/19  [Conceptions of properties and physical properties]
Graham Oppy, ‘Physicalism’.
 
第6週
3/26  [Categoricalism about properties]
David Armstrong, ‘Can physical objects have nothing but the primary qualities?’
 
第7週
4/02  假期 
第8週
4/09  [Categoricalism about properties and contengentism about laws]
Rae Langton, ‘Kant's rejection of reducibility’.
Lok-Chi Chan, ‘Emergentism and the contingent solubility of salt’, pp. 1-2 only.
 
第9週
4/16  [The intrinsic ignorance thesis]
Rae Langton & Christopher Robichaud, ‘Ghosts in the world machine? Humility and its alternatives’.
Simon Blackburn, ‘Filling in space’.
 
第10週
4/23  [Russellian monism]
Daniel Stoljar, ‘Two conceptions of the physical’.
 
第11週
4/30  [Physicalism and the intrinsic ignorance thesis]
Alyssa Ney, ‘Physicalism and our knowledge of intrinsic properties’.
 
第12週
5/07  [Necessitarianism about laws]
Sydney Shoemaker, ‘Causality and properties’.
 
第13週
5/14  [Dispositionalism about properties]
Brain Ellis & Caroline Lierse, ‘Dispositional essentialism’.
 
第14週
5/21  [The (non-)identity of the categorical and the dispositional]
Galen Strawson, ‘The identity of the categorical and the dispositional’.
David Oderberg,‘The non-identity of the categorical and the dispositional’.
 
第15週
5/28  [Are some higher-level laws obviously necessary?]
Alexander Bird, ‘Necessarily, salt dissolves in water’.
Lok-Chi Chan, ‘Emergentism and the contingent solubility of salt’.
 
第16週
6/04  [Are metaphysical principles necessary or contingent?]
Kristie Miller, ‘Defending contingentism in metaphysics’.
 
第17週
6/11  [Monism]
Jonathan Schaffer, ‘Monism’.
 
第18週
6/18  期末考週