課程資訊
課程名稱
語言型態學
LANGUAGE TYPOLOGY AND LANGUAGE UNIVERSALS 
開課學期
95-1 
授課對象
文學院  語言學研究所  
授課教師
黃宣範 
課號
LING7213 
課程識別碼
142 M0640 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期五6,7,8(13:20~16:20) 
上課地點
語言所305 
備註
句法學領域。本課程中文授課,使用英文教科書。
總人數上限:10人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/951typology 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

This course is a survey of research on language typology and language
universals. We will focus on the theoretical approaches taken to explain cross-
language similarities and differences and the developing methodology for cross-
linguistic study. We will discuss particular cross-linguistic generalizations
in syntax, morphology, and semantics and consider various explanations for
them. We will also consider some proposed typologies that relate syntactic,
morphological and semantic features. 

課程目標
Topics we will cover in this course are:
1. Typology of word order patterns
2. Case marking
3. Transitivity and valence-changing devices
4. Causatives
5. Head-marking and dependent-marking
6. Language prehistory
7. Grammatical hierarchy and the semantic map model
8. Voice continuum
9. Markedness and hierarchies
10. Coordination-Subordination continuum
11. Morphological typology
12. Semantic universals
13. Diachronic typology
14. Sources of explanation for language universals 
課程要求
1. Participation in class discussion, including in-class presentations of
language-data.
2. Three short assignments on typological topics to be assigned in class.
Assignments must be turned in on time.
3. One final term paper (15-20 pages) dealing with a typological survey of a
linguistic phenomenon.
4. Classroom presentation in week 15 summarizing the results of your term
paper. 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
1. Greenberg, J, C. Ferguson and E. Moravczik (eds.) 1978. Universal of Human
Language, vols. 1-4. Stanford: Standford University Press. (UHL)
2. Hawkins, J. (ed.) 1988. Explaining Language Universals. Oxford. (ELU)
3. Croft, W. 2003. Typology and Universals (TU). Cambridge University Press.
4. Croft, W. 2001. Radical Construction Grammar (RCG). Oxford.
 
指定閱讀
 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
期中考 
20% 
 
2. 
期末考 
20% 
 
3. 
隨堂測驗 
20% 
 
4. 
作業 
20% 
 
5. 
報告 
20% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
9/22  I. Course introduction
Ⅱ. Lecture 1: Introducing linguistic typology 
第2週
9/29  I. Homework discussion: Possessive construction
Ⅱ. Lecture 2: Word order typology and universal
Ⅲ. Reading & Discussion: Dryer (1992) 
第3週
10/06  Moon Festival- No class 
第4週
10/13  I. Homework Discussion: (a) An interaction between demonstratives and verb-object order (b) Possessive construction
Ⅱ. Lecture 3: Heand and modifier/dependent
Ⅲ. Reading & Discussion: Dryer (1992) 
第5週
10/20  I. Lecture 4: Case marking
Ⅱ. Reading & Discussion: Blake (2001)/Ch 5 
第6週
10/27  Reading & Discussion: Blake (2001)/ Ch 5 & Ch 6 
第7週
11/03  I. Lecture 5: Valency changing and transitivity
Ⅱ. Reading & Discussion: L. Huang et al (1998) & Dixon & Aikenvald (2000)/Ch1  
第8週
11/10  Paper presentation in conference- No class 
第9週
11/17  Ⅰ. Homework discussion: Case and transitivity
Ⅱ. Dixon & Aikenvald (2000)/Ch 1  
第10週
11/24  Dixon & Aikenvald (2000)/Ch 1 & Ch 2 
第11週
12/01  Ⅰ. Dixon & Aikenvald (2000)/Ch 2
Ⅱ. Homework discussion: Causatives
Ⅲ. Lecture 6: Head-marking and dependent-marking 
第12週
12/08  I. Lecture 6: Head-marking and dependent-marking
Ⅱ. Nichols (1986)


 
第13週
12/15  Nichols (1986) 
第14週
12/22  Croft (2001)/Ch 8
 
第15週
12/29  Croft (2001)/Ch 8 & Ch 9