課程資訊
課程名稱
語言型態學
Language Typology and Language Universals 
開課學期
101-2 
授課對象
文學院  語言學研究所  
授課教師
黃宣範 
課號
LING7213 
課程識別碼
142 M0640 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期四7,8,9(14:20~17:20) 
上課地點
樂學館305 
備註
本課程中文授課,使用英文教科書。15:00至18:00上課。
總人數上限:12人
外系人數限制:5人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1012ling702 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

This course is a survey of research on language typology and language
universals. We will focus on the theoretical approaches taken to explain cross-
language similarities and differences and the developing methodology for cross-
linguistic study. We will discuss particular cross-linguistic generalizations
in syntax, morphology, and semantics and consider various explanations for
them. We will also consider some proposed typologies that relate syntactic,
morphological and semantic features. 

課程目標
Topics we will cover in this course are:
1. Typology of word order patterns
2. Case marking
3. Transitivity and valence-changing devices
4. Causatives
5. Head-marking and dependent-marking
6. Language prehistory
7. Grammatical hierarchy and the semantic map model
8. Voice continuum
9. Markedness and hierarchies
10. Coordination-Subordination continuum
11. Morphological typology
12. Semantic universals
13. Diachronic typology
14. Sources of explanation for language universals 
課程要求
1. Participation in class discussion, including in-class presentations of
language-data.
2. Three short assignments on typological topics to be assigned in class.
Assignments must be turned in on time.
3. One final term paper (15-20 pages) dealing with a typological survey of a
linguistic phenomenon.
4. Classroom presentation in week 15 summarizing the results of your term
paper. 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
1. Greenberg, J, C. Ferguson and E. Moravczik (eds.) 1978. Universal of Human
Language, vols. 1-4. Stanford: Standford University Press. (UHL)
2. Hawkins, J. (ed.) 1988. Explaining Language Universals. Oxford. (ELU)
3. Croft, W. 2003. Typology and Universals (TU). Cambridge University Press.
4. Croft, W. 2001. Radical Construction Grammar (RCG). Oxford.
 
指定閱讀
 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
期中考 
20% 
 
2. 
期末考 
20% 
 
3. 
隨堂測驗 
20% 
 
4. 
作業 
20% 
 
5. 
報告 
20% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
2/21  I. Course introduction
Ⅱ. Lecture 1: Introducing linguistic typology 
第2週
2/28  linguistic diversity
read and discuss Nettle (1999) ch. 7 
第3週
3/1- 3/8  word order typology 
第4週
3/10- 3/17  (1)word order typology; (2)problem of
crosslinguistic identification 
第5週
3/18-3/25  head-marking 
第6週
3/25- 4/1  chapter 5 of Blake (2001)survey of case systems 
第7週
3/31-4/7  head marking and dependent marking
(spring break)  
第8週
4/8~ 4/14  1.discussion on HM and DM in FL
2. report on case marking systems 
第9週
4/15~4/21  Ⅰ. Homework discussion on HM and DM
2. Case and transitivity in FL
3. work on case in Rukai
 
第10週
4/22-4/29  1. report on CM in language focus; 2.construction-specific case marking
3. valence changing 
第11週
4/30- 5/6  Ⅰ. typology of transitivity
2.Dixon2000 valency changing
Ⅱ. Homework discussion: Causatives
 
第12週
5/6-5/13  Dixon 2000 valency changing
Kittila 2011 typology of transitivity 
第13週
5/13-5/20  Kitila's chapter on transitivity
lecture note on pivot 
第14週
5/20-5/27  Dixon's chapter 2 on causative
Croft (2001)/Ch 8 on voice
 
第15週
5/27-6/2  causative constructions 
第16週
6/2-6/9  relative clause constructions 
第17週
6/9-6/16  Yap (2011) introduction to nominalization strategies in Asian languages