課程資訊
課程名稱
語用學專題: 名詞化之認知語用功能
The Pragmatics of Nominalization 
開課學期
101-2 
授課對象
文學院  語言學研究所  
授課教師
蘇以文 
課號
LING7318 
課程識別碼
142 M1150 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期三3,4(10:20~12:10) 
上課地點
樂學館304 
備註
本課程中文授課,使用英文教科書。
總人數上限:12人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1012nominalization 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

語言在名詞化過程中,其語法結構經歷改變.名詞化長久以來在跨語言的語言類型學研究中扮演重要角色.在語言使用的過程當中,說話者往往藉由自己所主張的觀點,及與互動者之間的關係來建立立場 (stance). 立場的理解、語言的使用和社會層面緊緊相扣.語言奠基於具體的經驗,為了在當下的語境裡達到成功的社會互動,內容難免流於主觀.主觀性 (subjectivity) 對於語言的使用與變遷,及學術論文之鋪陳,扮演了舉足輕重的角色。 

課程目標
名詞化在詞彙的層次上是將動詞或形容詞轉換成名詞的過程。就構詞學而言, 名詞化的標記可涉及衍生詞綴。課程涵蓋內容為詞彙層次上的名詞化(lexical nominalization), 句法上的名詞化 (syntactic nominalization)及名詞化的認知語用功能. 因名詞化具提高詞彙密度的功能,故將特別著重其認知語用中的訊息編排(information packaging)與詞彙密度(lexical density)的關係.另外,名詞化之回指功能,可增強文章連慣性;名詞化將動作和過程視為抽象、分離人類活動的物體,因而讓文句更加客觀,可用來呈現客觀語氣對於文意的互動性也有一定的貢獻,科學學術寫作重視客觀性(Hyland 2001), 善加利用名詞化之特質可用於論文寫作之教學。 
課程要求
• Class participation
• Punctuality
• In-class oral and final reports
• Assigned readings
• Written reports and one term paper
 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
Charles, Maggie, 2003. A Corpus-based Study of the Use of Nouns to Construct Stance in Theses from Two Contrasting Disciplines. Journal of English for Academic Purposes 2.313–26.
Comrie, Bernard and Sandra A. Thompson. 1985. Lexical Nominalization. Language Typology and Syntactic Description Vol. 3: Grammatical Categories and The Lexicon, ed. by Timothy Shopen, 349-98. Cambridge University Press.
Englebretson, Robert. 2007. Stancetaking in discourse: An introduction. Stancetaking in Discourse, ed. by Robert Englebretson, 1-26. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Hyland, Ken. 2000. Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interaction in Academic Genres. London: Longman.
Langacker, Ronald W. 2006. Subjectification, Grammaticization, and Conceptual Archetypes. Subjectification: Various Paths to Subjectivity, ed. by Angeliki Athanasiadou,Costas Canakis, and Bert Cornillie, 17-40. New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Swales, John M. 1990. Genre Analysis: English in Academic and Research Settings. Cambridge: CUP.
Swales, John M., and Christine B. Feak. 2004. Academic Writing for Graduate Students. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs. 1989. On the Rise of Epistemic Meaning in English: An Example of Subjectification in Semantic Change. Language 65.31-55.
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs. 1995. Subjectification in grammaticalisation. Subjectivity and Subjectification, ed. by Dieter Stein, and Susan Wright, 185-210. Great Britain: Cambridge University Press.
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs. 2003. From subjectification to intersubjectification. Motives for Language Change, ed. by Raymond Hickey, 124-39. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
 
指定閱讀
 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
   
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
2/20  課表 
第2週
2/27  李家宏. 2011. 名物化在醫學期刊「摘要」與「背景」的語用分析: 臺灣大學.

Prasithrathsint, Amara. 2005. Nominalization and categorization of verbs in Thai. SEALS XV. Papers from the 15th Annual Meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society (2005), edited by Paul Sidwell. Electronic Publication E-1. Pacific Linguistics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University.
 
第3週
3/06  Baratta, Alexander M. 2010. Nominalization development across an undergraduate academic degree program. Journal of Pragmatics 42.1017-36. 
第4週
3/13  Chafe, Wallace L. 1985. Linguistic differences produced by differences between speaking and writing. In Literature, Language, and Learning: The Nature and Consequences of Reading and Writing, edited by D.R. Olson, N. Terrance, and A. Hildyard. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 
第5週
3/20  Gao, Wenyan. 2008. Information packaging in English medical papers published in a Chinese journal. CELEA Journal 3.42-47. 
第6週
3/27  Galve, Ignacio Guillen. 1998. The textual interplay of grammatical metaphor on the nominalizations occurring in written medical English. Journal of Pragmatics 30.363-385. 
第7週
4/03  Heyvaert, Liesbet, Hella Rogiers and Nadine Vermeylen. 2005. Proniminal determiners in gerundive nominalization: A “Case” Study. English Studies 86.1:71-88  
第8週
4/10  Kockelman, Paul. 2004. Stance and subjectivity. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 14.2.127-50. 
第9週
4/17  Du Bois, John W. 2007. The stance triangle. Stancetaking in discourse : subjectivity, evaluation, interaction, ed. by R. Englebretson. Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 
第10週
4/24  Biber, Douglas and Edward Finegan. 1989. Style of stance in English: Lexical and grammatical marking of evidentiality and affect. Text 9.1.93-124. 
第11週
5/01  Hunston, Susan. 2007. Stancetaking in discourse: subjectivity, evaluation, interaction, ed. by R. Englebretson. Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 
第12週
5/08  Charles, Maggie. 2003. A corpus-based study of the use of nouns to construct stance in theses from two contrasting disciplines. Journal of English for Academic Purposes 2.313–326. 
第13週
5/15  Enfield, N.J. 2006. Social consequences of common ground. Roots of Human Sociality: Culture, Cognition and Interaction, ed. by N.J. Enfield and Stephen C. Levinson, 399-430. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.