課程資訊
課程名稱
地震構造特論
Advanced Seismotectonics 
開課學期
103-1 
授課對象
理學院  地質科學研究所  
授課教師
鄧茂華 
課號
Geo8021 
課程識別碼
224 D1950 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
 
上課地點
 
備註
與洪淑蕙、胡植慶、吳逸民、龔源成、曾泰琳合開
限博士班
總人數上限:20人 
 
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課程概述

THIS COURSE FOCUSES ON EARTHQUAKE EARLY WARNING (EEW). BECAUSE OF THE EXTREME COMPLEXITY INVOLVED IN THE EARTHQUAKE PROCESSES, RELIABLE EARTHQUAKE PREDICTION IS NOT CURRENTLY POSSIBLE. PRESENT TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES IN SEISMIC INSTRUMENTATION AND IN DIGITAL COMMUNICATION AND PROCESSING PERMIT THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A REAL-TIME EARTHQUAKE MONITORING SYSTEM. FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF SEISMIC HAZARDS MITIGATION, EEW IS BECOMING THE PRACTICAL AND PROMISING TOOLS TO REDUCE THE LOSS CAUSED BY A DAMAGING EARTHQUAKE. SUBJECTS AS FOLLOWS,
1. INTRODUCTION OF EARTHQUAKE EARLY WARNING
2. EARTHQUAKE EARLY WARNING SYSTEM
3. THEORY OF EARTHQUAKE EARLY WARNING
4. PAPERS REVIEW OF EARTHQUAKE EARLY WARNING

A TERM PAPER SHOULD BE COMPLETED AT THE END OF THIS COURSE.

REFERENCES
ALLEN, R. M. & KANAMORI, H., 2003. THE POTENTIAL FOR EARTHQUAKE EARLY WARNING IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, SCIENCE, 300, 786-789.
BO‥SE, M., C. IONESCU, AND F. WENZEL (2007), EARTHQUAKE EARLY WARNING FOR BUCHAREST, ROMANIA: NOVEL AND REVISED SCALING RELATIONS, GEOPHYS. RES. LETT., 34, L07302, DOI:10.1029/2007GL029396.
ESPINOSA-ARANDA, J., JIMENEZ, A., IBARROLA, G., ALCANTAR, F., AGUILAR, A., INOSTROZA, M., & MALDONADO, S., 1995. MEXICO CITY SEISMIC ALERT SYSTEM, SEISM. RES. LETT., 66, 42-53.
HEATON, T. H., 1985. A MODEL FOR A SEISMIC COMPUTERIZED ALERT NETWORK, SCIENCE 228, 987-990.
HORIUCHI, S., NEGISHI, H., ABE, K., KAMIMURA, A., & FUJINAWA, Y., 2005. AN AUTOMATIC PROCESSING SYSTEM FOR BROADCASTING EARTHQUAKE ALARMS, BULL. SEISM. SOC. AM., 95, 708-718.
KANAMORI, H., HAUKSSON, E., AND HEATON, T., 1997. REAL-TIME SEISMOLOGY AND EARTHQUAKE HAZARD MITIGATION, NATURE, 390, 461-464.
KANAMORI, H., 2005. REAL-TIME SEISMOLOGY AND EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE MITIGATION, ANNUAL REVIEW OF EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCES, 33, 195-214, DOI: 10.1146/ANNUREV.EARTH.33.092203.122626.
KAMIGAICHI, O., 2004. JMA EARTHQUAKE EARLY WARNING, JOURNAL OF JAPAN ASSOCIATION FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING, 4 , 134-137.
LEE, W. H. K., 1995. A PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR AN ADVANCED EARTHQUAKE MONITORING SYSTEM. RESEARCH REPORT OF THE CENTRAL WEATHER BUREAU, TAIPEI, TAIWAN, R.O.C., NO. 448, 411 PP.
LEE, W. H. K., AND ESPINOSA-ARANDA, J. M., (CONVENERS), 1996. EARLY WARNING AND RAPID RESPONSE. ELEVENTH WORLD CONFERENCE ON EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING, ACAPULCO, MEXICO, JUNE 23-28, 1996, P 1437-1443.
NAKAMURA, Y. (1984). DEVELOPMENT OF THE EARTHQUAKE EARLY-WARNING SYSTEM FOR THE SHINKANSEN, SOME RECENT EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING RESEARCH AND PRACTICAL IN JAPAN. THE JAPANESE NATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING, 224—238.
NAKAMURA, Y., 1988. ON THE URGENT EARTHQUAKE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEM (UREDAS), PROCEEDING OF 9TH WORLD CONFERENCE ON EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING, TOKYO-KYOTO, JAPAN.
ODAKA, T., ASHIYA, K., TSUKADA, S., SATO, S., OHTAKE, K., & NOZAKA, D., 2003. A NEW METHOD OF QUICKLY ESTIMATING EPICENTRAL DISTANCE AND MAGNITUDE FROM A SINGLE SEISMIC RECORD, BULL. SEISM. SOC. AM., 93, 526-532.
TENG, T.L., WU, Y. M., SHIN, T.C., TSAI, Y.B., AND LEE, W.H.K., 1997. ONE MINUTE AFTER: STRONG-MOTION MAP, EFFECTIVE EPICENTER, AND EFFECTIVE MAGNITUDE, BULL. SEISM. SOC. AM. 87, 1209-1219.
UNITED STATES NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL, 1991. REAL-TIME EARTHQUAKE MONITORING, REPORT FROM THE COMMITTEE ON SEISMOLOGY, NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS, WASHINGTON, D.C., USA. 52 PP.
UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, 1998. A PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTING A REAL-TIME SEISMIC HAZARD WARNING SYSTEM - A REPORT TO CONGRESS REQUIRED BY PUBLIC LAW 105-47. MARCH 24, 1998, USA.
WU, Y. M., CHEN, C.C., SHIN, T.C., TSAI, Y.B., LEE, W.H.K., AND TENG, T. L., 1997. TAIWAN RAPID EARTHQUAKE INFORMATION RELEASE SYSTEM, SEISM. RES. LETT. 68 ,931-943.
WU, Y. M., SHIN, T. C., & TSAI, Y. B., 1998. QUICK AND RELIABLE DETERMINATION OF MAGNITUDE FOR SEISMIC EARLY WARNING, BULL. SEISM. SOC. AM., 88, 1254-1259.
WU, Y. M., CHUNG, J. K., SHIN, T. C., HSIAO, N. C., TSAI, Y. B., LEE, W. H. K., AND TENG, T. L., 1999. DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTEGRATED SEISMIC EARLY WARNING SYSTEM IN TAIWAN - CASE FOR THE HUALIEN AREA EARTHQUAKES, TAO 10, 719-736.
WU, Y. M., 1999. DEVELOPMENT OF REAL-TIME EARTHQUAKE REPORTING AND WARNING SYSTEMS-TAIWAN EXPERIENCE (IN CHINESE), PH.D. DISSERTATION OF INSTITUTE OF GEOPHYSICS, NATIONAL CENTRAL UNIVERSITY, 152 PP.
WU, Y. M., LEE, W. H. K., CHEN, C. C., SHIN, T. C., TENG, T. L., AND TSAI, Y. B., 2000. PERFORMANCE OF THE TAIWAN RAPID EARTHQUAKE INFORMATION RELEASE SYSTEM (RTD) DURING THE 1999 CHI-CHI (TAIWAN) EARTHQUAKE, SEISMO. RES. LET. 71, 338-343.
WU, Y. M., SHIN, T. C., AND CHANG, C. H., 2001. NEAR REALTIME MAPPING OF PEAK GROUND ACCELERATION AND PEAK GROUND VELOCITY FOLLOWING A STRONG EARTHQUAKE. BULL. SEISM. SOC. AM, 91, 1218-1228.
WU, Y. M., HSIAO, N. C., TENG, T. L., AND SHIN, T. C., 2002. NEAR REAL-TIME SEISMIC DAMAGE ASSESSMENT OF THE RAPID REPORTING SYSTEM. TAO, 13, 313-324.
WU, Y. M. & TENG, T. L., 2002. A VIRTUAL SUB-NETWORK APPROACH TO EARTHQUAKE EARLY WARNING, BULL. SEISM. SOC. AM., 92, 2008-2018.
WU, Y. M., T. L. TENG, T. C. SHIN, AND N. C. HSIAO, 2003: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PEAK GROUND ACCELERATION, PEAK GROUND VELOCITY, AND INTENSITY IN TAIWAN. BULL. SEISM. SOC. AM., 93, 386-396.
WU, Y. M., T. L. TENG, N. C. HSIAO, T. C. SHIN, W. H. K. LEE AND Y. B. TSAI, 2004A: PROGRESS ON EARTHQUAKE RAPID REPORTING AND EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS IN TAIWAN, IN “EARTHQUAKE HAZARD, RISK, AND STRONG GROUND MOTION” EDITED BY Y. T. CHEN, G. F. PANZA, Z. L. WU, SEISMOLOGICAL PRESS, BEIJING, P. 463-486.
WU, Y. M., N. C. HSIAO, AND T. L. TENG (2004B). RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN STRONG GROUND MOTION PEAK VALUES AND SEISMIC LOSS DURING THE 1999 CHI-CHI, TAIWAN EARTHQUAKE. NATURAL HAZARDS 32, 357-373.
WU, Y. M. AND T. L. TENG (2004). NEAR REAL-TIME MAGNITUDE DETERMINATION FOR LARGE CRUSTAL EARTHQUAKES. TECTONOPHYSICS 390, 205-216.
WU, Y. M. & KANAMORI, H., 2005A. EXPERIMENT ON AN ONSITE EARLY WARNING METHOD FOR THE TAIWAN EARLY WARNING SYSTEM, BULL. SEISM. SOC. AM., 95, 347-353.
WU, Y. M. & KANAMORI, H., 2005B. RAPID ASSESSMENT OF DAMAGING POTENTIAL OF EARTHQUAKES IN TAIWAN FROM THE BEGINNING OF P WAVES, BULL. SEISM. SOC. AM., 95, 1181-1185.
WU, Y. M. & ZHAO, L., 2006. MAGNITUDE ESTIMATION USING THE FIRST THREE SECONDS P-WAVE AMPLITUDE IN EARTHQUAKE EARLY WARNING, GEOPHYS. RES. LETT., 33, L16312, DOI:10.1029/2006GL026871.
WU, Y. M., HSIAO, N. C., LEE, W. H. K., TENG, T. L. & SHIN, T. C. (2007A). STATE OF THE ART AND PROGRESSES OF EARLY WARNING SYSTEM IN TAIWAN, IN ‘SEISMIC EARLY WARNING’ EDIT BY PAOLO GASPARINI, GAETANO MANFREDI, AND JOCHEN ZSCHAU, SPRINGER IN PRESS.
WU, Y. M., H. KANAMORI, R. ALLEN, AND E. HAUKSSON (2007B). DETERMINATION OF EARTHQUAKE EARLY WARNING PARAMETERS, TC AND PD , FOR SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, GEOPHYS. J. INT. IN PRESS.
ZOLLO, A., M. LANCIERI, AND S. NIELSEN (2006). EARTHQUAKE MAGNITUDE ESTIMATION FROM PEAK AMPLITUDES OF VERY EARLY SEISMIC SIGNALS ON STRONG MOTION RECORDS, GEOPHYS. RES. LETT., 33, L23312, DOI:10.1029/2006GL027795.
ZSCHAU, J., AND KUPPERS, A. N., (EDITORS), 2003. "EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS FOR NATURAL DISASTER REDUCTION", SPRINGER, BERLIN, 834 PP.
 

課程目標
 
課程要求
 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
Allen, R. M. & Kanamori, H., 2003. The potential for earthquake early warning in Southern California, Science, 300, 786-789.
Bo究e, M., C. Ionescu, and F. Wenzel (2007), Earthquake early warning for Bucharest, Romania: Novel and revised scaling relations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L07302, doi:10.1029/2007GL029396.
Espinosa-Aranda, J., Jim幯ez, A., Ibarrola, G., Alcantar, F., Aguilar, A., Inostroza, M., & Maldonado, S., 1995. Mexico City seismic alert system, Seism. Res. Lett., 66, 42-53.
Heaton, T. H., 1985. A model for a seismic computerized alert network, Science 228, 987-990.
Horiuchi, S., Negishi, H., Abe, K., Kamimura, A., & Fujinawa, Y., 2005. An automatic processing system for broadcasting earthquake alarms, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 95, 708-718.
Kanamori, H., Hauksson, E., and Heaton, T., 1997. Real-time seismology and earthquake hazard mitigation, Nature, 390, 461-464.
Kanamori, H., 2005. Real-time seismology and earthquake damage mitigation, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 33, 195-214, doi: 10.1146/annurev.earth.33.092203.122626.
Kamigaichi, O., 2004. JMA Earthquake Early Warning, Journal of Japan Association for Earthquake Engineering, 4 , 134-137.
Lee, W. H. K., 1995. A project implementation plan for an advanced earthquake monitoring system. Research Report of the Central Weather Bureau, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C., No. 448, 411 pp.
Lee, W. H. K., and Espinosa-Aranda, J. M., (Conveners), 1996. Early warning and rapid response. Eleventh World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Acapulco, Mexico, June 23-28, 1996, p 1437-1443.
Nakamura, Y. (1984). Development of the earthquake early-warning system for the Shinkansen, some recent earthquake engineering research and practical in Japan. The Japanese National Committee of the International Association for Earthquake Engineering, 22438.
Nakamura, Y., 1988. On the urgent earthquake detection and alarm system (UrEDAS), Proceeding of 9th world conference on earthquake engineering, Tokyo-Kyoto, Japan.
Odaka, T., Ashiya, K., Tsukada, S., Sato, S., Ohtake, K., & Nozaka, D., 2003. A new method of quickly estimating epicentral distance and magnitude from a single seismic record, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 93, 526-532.
Teng, T.L., Wu, Y. M., Shin, T.C., Tsai, Y.B., and Lee, W.H.K., 1997. One minute after: strong-motion map, effective epicenter, and effective magnitude, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. 87, 1209-1219.
United States National Research Council, 1991. Real-time earthquake monitoring, Report from the Committee on Seismology, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., USA. 52 pp.
United States Geological Survey, 1998. A plan for implementing a real-time seismic hazard warning system - A report to congress required by public law 105-47. March 24, 1998, USA.
Wu, Y. M., Chen, C.C., Shin, T.C., Tsai, Y.B., Lee, W.H.K., and Teng, T. L., 1997. Taiwan Rapid Earthquake Information Release System, Seism. Res. Lett. 68 ,931-943.
Wu, Y. M., Shin, T. C., & Tsai, Y. B., 1998. Quick and reliable determination of magnitude for seismic early warning, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 88, 1254-1259.
Wu, Y. M., Chung, J. K., Shin, T. C., Hsiao, N. C., Tsai, Y. B., Lee, W. H. K., and Teng, T. L., 1999. Development of an integrated seismic early warning system in Taiwan - case for the Hualien area earthquakes, TAO 10, 719-736.
Wu, Y. M., 1999. Development of real-time earthquake reporting and warning systems-Taiwan experience (in Chinese), Ph.D. dissertation of Institute of Geophysics, National Central University, 152 pp.
Wu, Y. M., Lee, W. H. K., Chen, C. C., Shin, T. C., Teng, T. L., and Tsai, Y. B., 2000. Performance of the Taiwan Rapid Earthquake Information Release System (RTD) during the 1999 Chi-Chi (Taiwan) earthquake, Seismo. Res. Let. 71, 338-343.
Wu, Y. M., Shin, T. C., and Chang, C. H., 2001. Near Realtime Mapping of Peak Ground Acceleration and Peak Ground Velocity following a Strong Earthquake. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am, 91, 1218-1228.
Wu, Y. M., Hsiao, N. C., Teng, T. L., and Shin, T. C., 2002. Near real-time seismic damage assessment of the rapid reporting system. TAO, 13, 313-324.
Wu, Y. M. & Teng, T. L., 2002. A virtual sub-network approach to earthquake early warning, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 92, 2008-2018.
Wu, Y. M., T. L. Teng, T. C. Shin, and N. C. Hsiao, 2003: Relationship between peak ground acceleration, peak ground velocity, and intensity in Taiwan. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 93, 386-396.
Wu, Y. M., T. L. Teng, N. C. Hsiao, T. C. Shin, W. H. K. Lee and Y. B. Tsai, 2004a: Progress on earthquake rapid reporting and early warning systems in Taiwan, in arthquake Hazard, Risk, and Strong Ground Motionedited by Y. T. Chen, G. F. Panza, Z. L. Wu, Seismological Press, Beijing, p. 463-486.
Wu, Y. M., N. C. Hsiao, and T. L. Teng (2004b). Relationships between strong ground motion peak values and seismic loss during the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan earthquake. Natural Hazards 32, 357-373.
Wu, Y. M. and T. L. Teng (2004). Near Real-Time Magnitude Determination for Large Crustal Earthquakes. Tectonophysics 390, 205-216.
Wu, Y. M. & Kanamori, H., 2005a. Experiment on an onsite early warning method for the Taiwan early warning system, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 95, 347-353.
Wu, Y. M. & Kanamori, H., 2005b. Rapid assessment of damaging potential of earthquakes in Taiwan from the beginning of P Waves, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 95, 1181-1185.
Wu, Y. M. & Zhao, L., 2006. Magnitude estimation using the first three seconds P-wave amplitude in earthquake early warning, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L16312, doi:10.1029/2006GL026871.
Wu, Y. M., Hsiao, N. C., Lee, W. H. K., Teng, T. L. & Shin, T. C. (2007a). State of the art and progresses of early warning system in Taiwan, in eismic Early Warningedit by Paolo Gasparini, Gaetano Manfredi, and Jochen Zschau, Springer in press.
Wu, Y. M., H. Kanamori, R. Allen, and E. Hauksson (2007b). Determination of earthquake early warning parameters, Tc and Pd , for southern California, Geophys. J. Int. in press.
Zollo, A., M. Lancieri, and S. Nielsen (2006). Earthquake magnitude estimation from peak amplitudes of very early seismic signals on strong motion records, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L23312, doi:10.1029/2006GL027795.
Zschau, J., and Kuppers, A. N., (Editors), 2003. 
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