課程資訊
課程名稱
地震學原理
PRINCIPLES OF SEISMOLOGY 
開課學期
98-2 
授課對象
理學院  地質科學研究所  
授課教師
龔源成 
課號
Geo5074 
課程識別碼
224 U2110 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期二2,3,4(9:10~12:10) 
上課地點
全變403 
備註
限修過微積分者選修
總人數上限:40人
外系人數限制:20人 
 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

Elasticity and seismic waves
Body waves and ray theory
Surface waves and Earth’s free oscillation
Seismic sources
Seismic tomography and Earth’s structure
Earthquake kinematics and dynamics
Representation theorem  

課程目標
由數理推導認識地震學的基本原理 
課程要求
home work (every two weeks)
midterm
final 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
1.Modern global seismology, Thorne Lay, Terry C. Wallace, Academic Press
2.An introduction to seismology, earthquakes, and Earth structure, Seth Stein, Michael Wyseeion, Blackwell publishing
3.Quantitative seismology (2nd Edition) Keiiti Aki, Paul G. Richard, University Science Books, 2002.
4.Introduction to seismology, Peter Shearer, Cambridge University Press, 1999
 
指定閱讀
 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
homeworks 
40% 
 
2. 
midterm 
30% 
 
3. 
final  
30% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
2/23  General introduction
 
第2週
3/02  Elasticity and seismic waves:
1. stress and strain
2. Wave equations in homogeneous media (1) 
第3週
3/09  Elasticity and seismic waves
2. Wave equations in homogeneous media (2)
3. Characteristics of P and S waves from the mathematical point of view 
第4週
3/16  Body waves and ray theory
1.Wave equations in weakly heterogeneous media
2.High frequency approximation and Eikonal equation (1) 
第5週
3/23  Body waves and ray theory
2.High frequency approximation and Eikonal equation (2)
3.Ray theory (1) 
第6週
3/30  Body waves and ray theory
3.Ray theory (2)
4.Nomenclatures of body waves
 
第7週
4/06  Surface waves and Earth’s free oscillation
1.Boundary conditions of seismic waves
2.Rayleigh waves 
第8週
4/13  Surface waves and Earth’s free oscillation
3.Love waves
4.Earth’s Normal modes
 
第9週
4/20  midterm 
第10週
4/27  Seismic sources
1.Elastostatics – static displacement due to a single force, force couple and double couple 
第11週
5/04  Seismic sources
2.Elastodynamics  
第12週
5/11  Seismic sources
3.Radiation pattern of the far-field body waves
4.Seismic moment tensor and focal sphere
 
第13週
5/18  Seismic tomography and Earth’s structure
1. Basic principles of seismic tomography
2. Tomographic images and plate tectonics 
第14週
5/25  參觀國家地震中心 
第15週
6/01  Earthquake kinematics and dynamics
1.Stick-slip fault model
2.Source time function
3.Directivity
4.Stress drop, particle velocity and rupture velocity
 
第16週
6/08  Earthquake kinematics and dynamics
5. Magnitude scale and seismic energy
6. Earthquake self-similarity
7. Earthquake statistics
 
第17週
6/15  Representation theorem
1. Reciprocity, Bettis theorem
2. Representation theorem
3. Body-force Equivalents – traction discontinuity, displacement discontinuity
4. Body-force Equivalents to a given fault slip