課程資訊
課程名稱
西洋政治思想專題研究
Seminar on Selected Topics in Western Political Thought 
開課學期
110-2 
授課對象
社會科學院  政治學研究所  
授課教師
 
課號
PS8012 
課程識別碼
322 D0560 
班次
 
學分
2.0 
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期五3,4(10:20~12:10) 
上課地點
 
備註
博班核心課程:政治思想。上課教室:社科研605。
限碩士班以上
總人數上限:5人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1102PS8012_ 
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課程概述

本學期將探討法國自由主義傳統,研讀孟德斯鳩《論法的精神》、與托克維爾《論美國的民主》和《舊制度與大革命》,以及密爾對《論美國的民主》的兩篇重要書評。深入探討十八世紀中葉孟德斯鳩如何回顧歷史,建構一套新的政治哲學,而托克維爾則在法國大革命後,分析全新的現代民主制度及其社會文化條件。 

課程目標
本課程目標在於訓練同學熟悉西方現代政治思想研究之發展以及比較政治思想的趨勢,並培養獨立研究能力。 
課程要求
1) 輪流報告教材(報告需準備大綱,時間以二十分鐘為原則)。
2) 閱讀教材,每次上課準備問題提出討論。
3) 就本學期授課內容撰寫學期報告一篇,於7/31前email寄給老師(carl@gate.sinica.edu.tw),逾時不候。

指定閱讀
Montesquieu, Baron de. The Spirit of the Laws, trans. & eds. by A. M. Cohler, B. C. Miller & H. S. Stone. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, trans. & eds. Harvey C. Mansfield & Delba Winthrop, University of Chicago Press, 2000.
Alexis de Tocqueville, The Old Regime and the Revolution, Vol. 1, eds, François Furet & Françoise Mélonio, trans. Alan S Kahn, University of Chicago Press, 1998.
John Stuart Mill, The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, Volume 18-19, Essays on Politics and Society, ed. J. M. Robson. London: Routledge. 1996 (1977).

參考書目﹕
孟德斯鳩,《論法的精神》,張雁深譯,臺北:臺灣商務印書館,1998。
托克維爾,《論美國的民主》,兩冊,董良果譯,北京:商務印書館,1993。
托克維爾,《舊制度與大革命》,馮棠譯,香港:牛津大學出版社,1994
Aron, Raymond. Main Currents of Sociological Thought, vol.1. Penguin, 1970.
Jean-Claude Lamberti, Tocqueville and the Two Democracies: Harvard, 1989
蕭高彥,《西方共和主義思想史論》,台北:聯經,2013。
蕭高彥,《探索政治現代性:從馬基維利到嚴復》,台北:聯經,2020。
 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
備註: 面談時間﹕請事前口頭預約,或以email預約時間: carl@gate.sinica.edu.tw 
參考書目
HOW TO WRITE A SCHOLARLY PAPER

1. State an explicit thesis. A good paper should state a distinctive thesis at the very beginning and indicate why it is important. In this fashion you grab the reader's attention before it has a chance to wonder and make the paper effective. If you do not know your point at the beginning of your paper, you will not fortuitously discover it as you wander aimless along.
2. What is meant by a "thesis." A thesis is your opinion on certain issue(s) that can be related to the ongoing debates or concerns, or new interpretation of the text that can enhance of our understanding. A thesis must be situated in the current state of second-hand literature of the relevant philosophers. Stating that you intend to "compare and contrast" several authors on a broad range of issues is not a thesis, nor a simple stream of data, nor a mere stream of consciousness.
3. Argument: your thesis must be substantiated by relevant textual evidence. Through the middle of your paper you must convince your reader that your thesis is plausible. To do so you have to prove your command of the texts.
4. Economy: marshall only relevant material. The person with the greatest command of the material will know what is obvious and can merely be stated, and what needs to be argued. Avoid stating the obvious as well as merely stringing together summaries of text arbitrarily. Everything should follow in a logical order to support your thesis.
5. Analyze the implications or relevance of your thesis. In conclusion you should answer such questions as "so what?" "why is this interesting?" A mere recapitulation or summary at the end of a short essay insults the reader's power of memory. Your conclusion should provide something fresh and new.
6. Clarity is the highest virtue. It is not your reader's responsibility to try to reconstruct what you mean, or to ferret out the subterranean logic that binds together the parts of your essay. Write in such a way that no one could possibly doubt what your are trying to say or why you are saying it.
7. Addressee. Write as if your audience were the world at large. Never write as if your paper were a privileged communication between you and the professor. Avoid casual speech and chattiness on the one hand and stilted formality on the other. Write as you would speak.
8. Revise and revise again. There is no other way for your essay to show that it is the product of care than by doing more than one draft. You expect your reader to take your work seriously and give it care and attention. It is an insult to the reader not to do the same.
9. Learning by doing. Copy several papers from scholarly journals on a subject that interests you and examine how the authors execute the above principles. 
指定閱讀
上課進度:

2/18 導論

2/25 Baron de Montesquieu, The Spirit of the Laws, Author’s Foreword, Preface, Bks. 1-3, 5, 8.

3/4 Baron de Montesquieu, The Spirit of the Laws, Bks. 11-12, 15, 17,19.

3/11 Baron de Montesquieu, The Spirit of the Laws, Bks. 20, 21(Chapters 20-21), 24, 26, 29.

3/18 Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, Vol.1, Introduction, Part 1 Chapters 2, 3, 4, 5(前七節); Part 2, Chapters 1, 6.

3/25 【老師公假】

4/1 Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, Vol.1, Part 2, Chapters 7, 8. 9

4/8 Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, Vol.1, Part 2, Chapters 10.

4/15 John Stuart Mill, “De Tocqueville on Democracy [1],” in The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, Volume 18-19, Essays on Politics and Society, pp.49-90.

4/22 Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, Vol.2, Part 1, Chapters 1-5, 8; Part 2.

4/29 Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, Vol.2, Part 3, Chapters 1-4, 11-14, 17-19, 21, 26; Part 4.

5/6 John Stuart Mill, “De Tocqueville on Democracy [2],” in The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, Volume 18-19, Essays on Politics and Society, pp.155-204.

5/13 Alexis de Tocqueville, The Old Regime and the Revolution, Preface, Bk.1, Bk2, Chapters 1-5.
5/20 Alexis de Tocqueville, The Old Regime and the Revolution, Bk.2, Chapters 6-12.

5/27 Alexis de Tocqueville, The Old Regime and the Revolution, Bk.3

6/3 【端午節】

6/10【彈性補充教學】學期報告構想討論,需準備書面大綱。
 
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