課程資訊
課程名稱
環境經濟學一
Environmental Economics (Ⅰ) 
開課學期
100-2 
授課對象
社會科學院  經濟學系  
授課教師
劉錦添 
課號
ECON5017 
課程識別碼
323 U6030 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期二6,7,8(13:20~16:20) 
上課地點
社科9 
備註
須修過統計學。
限學士班三年級以上 或 限碩士班以上
總人數上限:50人 
 
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課程概述

Course Instructor:劉錦添(Jin-Tan Liu)
Class Hours:Tuesday 2:20 - 5:10 pm
Office Hours:Thursday, 2:00 - 5:00 pm
Office Room:Room 102, Dept. of Economics Building
Tel:23519641-520, or 281 (助理室)
E-mail:liujt@ntu.edu.tw
 

課程目標
Topics :
1. Environmental Regulation and Informal Regulation
2. Welfare Economics : Private Good and Public Good
3. Benefit Estimation and Damage Assessment
4. Trade and Environment

 
課程要求
Course Requirement:
1.Midterm Exam(30%)
2.Final Exam(50%)
3.Oral Presentation and Homework(20%)
 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
備註: Thursday afternoon 2:30-4:30 
參考書目
Textbooks and References :
•Baumol and Oates (1988), Theory of Environmental Policy, 2nd edition, New York:
Cambridge University Press.
•Braden, J.B. and C. D. Kolstad (1991), Measuring the Demand for Environmental
Improvement, North Holland.
•Callan and Thomas (2004), Environmental Economics and Management, Irwin, (滄海書局代理,02-27090781).
•Cornes and Sandler (1986), The Theory of Externalities, Public Goods, and Club
Goods, New York: Cambridge University Press. (HB846.3. C67, 1986).
•Cummings, Brookshire and Schulze (ed.) (1986), Valuing Environmental Goods:
An Assessment of the Contingent Valuation Method, NJ: Rowman and Allenheld.
•Field, Barry C. (2000), Natural Resource Economics: An Introduction, New York:
MaGraw-Hill Co.
•Fisher, Anthony (1981), Resource and Environmental Economics, Cambridge
University Press. (HC59. F558).
•Folmer, Henk and Tom Tietenberg (1999), The International Yearbook of Environmental and Resource Economics, Edward Elgar.
•Folmer, Henk and Tom Tietenberg (2003), The International Yearbook of Environmental and Resource Economics 2003/2004, Edward Elgar.
•Freeman, A. Myrick (1979), Benefits of Environmental Improvement, Johns
Hopkins University Press. (HC79. E5. F7).
•Freeman, A. Myrick (1993), The Measurement of Environmental and Resource
Value: Theory and Methods, Resources for the Future.
•Haab and McConnell (2002), Valuing Environmental and Natural Resources: The Econometrics of Non-Market Valuation, Edward Elgar.
•Halvorsen and Ruby (1981), Benefit-Cost Analysis of Air Pollution Control, Mass:
Lexington Books. (TD883. H35).
•Hanley, Nick, Jason F. Shogren and Ben White (1997), Environmental Economics
in Theory and Practice, England, Macmillan Ltd.
•Jeroen, C. J. M. and van den Bergh (1999), Handbook of Environmental and Resource Economics, Edward Elgar.
•Johansson (1987), The Economic Theory and Measurement of Environmental
Benefits, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
•Johansson (1991), Introduction to Modern Welfare Economics, Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
•Johansson (1993), Cost-Benefit Analysis of Environmental Change, Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
•Just, et al. (1982), Applied Welfare Economics, N.J.: Prenice-Hall. (HB846. J87).
•Kahn, James R. (1995), The Economic Approach to Environmental and Natural
Resources, Dryden Press.
•Kemien and Schwartz (1981), Dynamic Optimization, North Holland. (QA402.5.
K32).
•Kneese and Sweeney (1985), Handbook of Natural Resource and Energy
Economics, volumes 1 and 2, North-Holland Publisher. (HD9502. A2. H257, 1985).
•Kopp, Raymond J. and V. Keng Smith ads. (1993), Valuing National Assets: The
Economics of Natural Resource Damagement Assessment, Washington, D.C.:
Resources for the Future.
•Maureen L. Cropper and Wallace E. Oates (1992), “Environmental Economics: A
Survey”, Journal of Economic Literature, June, 675-740.
•Mendelsohn, Robert and Daigee shaw ed. (1997), The Economics of Pollution
Control in the Asia Pacific, UK: Edward Elgar.
•Mitchell and Carson (1989), Using Surveys to Value Public Goods: The Contingent
Valuation Method, Washington, D.C.: Resources for the Future.
•Nishimura, H. (1989), How to Conquer Air Pollution: A Japanese Experience, New
York: Elsevier.
•O’Connor, Martin (1998), Valuation and the Environment: Theory, Method and
Practice, Edward Elgar.
•OECD (1989), Environmental Policy Benefits: Monetary Valuation, Paris: OECD.
(HC79. E5. E57856).
•OECD (1991), Environmental Policy: How to Apply Economic Instruments, Paris:
OECD.
•Panayotou, Theodore (1993), Green Markets: The Economics of Sustainable
Development, San Francisco: ICS Press.
•Pearce and Turner (1990), Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment,
Johns Hopkins University Press.
•Portney (1982), Current Issues in Natural Resource Policy, Johns Hopkins
University Press (HC103.7. C87).
•Portney (1990), Public Policies for Environmental Protection, Resources for the
Future.
•Smith, ed. (1984), Environmental Policy Under Regan’s Executive Order, Chapel
Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
•Stanley and Jarrell (1989), “Meta-Regression Analysis: A Quantitative Method of Literature Surveys,” J. of Econ. Surveys, 3(2), 161-170.
•Tietenberg (1985), Emission Trading, an Exercise in Reforming Pollution Policy,
Johns Hopkins University. (HC110. A4 T54).
•Tietenberg (1988), Environmental and Natural Resource Economics, ILL: Scott,
Foresman. (333.7. T564. E61).
• Tietenberg and Folmer (2002), The International Yearbook of Environmental and Resource Economics 2002/2003, Edward Elgar.
• Tietenberg and Folmer (2004), The International Yearbook of Environmental and Resource Economics 2004/2005: A Survey of Current Issues, Edward Elgar.
•Tolley, George, Donald Kenkel, and Robert Fabian eds. (1994), Valuing Health for
Policy, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
•Wooldrige, J. M. (2003), Introductory Econometrics, Ohio: Thomson.
•Wooldrige, J. M. (2002), Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data, Cambridge: MIT Press.
 
指定閱讀
Course Outline :

1. Formal Regulation and Informal Regulation

A. Formal Regulation
•Magat and Visusi, “Effectiveness of the EPA’s Regulatory Enforcement: the Case of Industrial Effluent Standards”, J. of Law and Economics, October 1990.
•Deily and Gray, “Enforcement of Pollution Regulations in a Declining Industry,” JEEM, 1991, 260-274.
•Cohen, “Monitoring and Enforcement of Environmental Policy,” in Folmer and Tietenberg (1999).
. Laplante and Rilstone, “Environmental Inspections and Emissions of the Pulp and
Paper Industry in Quebec,” JEEM, 1996, 19-36.

• Gray, Wayne B. and Ronald J. Shadbegian (1995), “Pollution Abatement Costs, Regulation, and Plant-Level Productivity,” NBER working paper No. 4994.
• Gray, Wayne B. and Ronald J. Shadbegian (2001), “Plant Vintage, Technology, and Environmental Regulation,” NBER working paper, No. 8480.


B. Informal Regulation
•Pargal and Wheeler, “Informal Regulation of Industrial Pollution in Developing Countries: Evidence from Indonesia,” JPE, 1996.
•Pargal, Hettige, Singh, and Wheeler, “Formal and Informal Regulation of
Industrial Pollution: Comparative Evidence from Indonesia and the United
States” World Bank Economic Review, 1997, 433-450.

C. Pollution and Economic Growth
•Environment and Development Economics: Special Issue: The Environmental
Kuznets Curve. Oct. 1997.

• Barbier, “ Introduction to the Environmental Kuznets Curve”.
• De Bruyn, Sander M. and Roebijn J. Heintz (1999), “The Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis,” in Jereon C. J. M. and van Den Bergh, Handbook of Environmental and Resource Economics.
•Grossman and Krueger, “ Economic Growth and the Environment” QJE, May
1995,353-377.


2. Welfare Measurement or Damage Assessment
An overview of this section of the course is provided by:
•Freeman, “ Methods for Assessing the Benefits of Environmental Programs” in
Kneese and Sweeney.

* OECD (1989).
•Freeman, Chapter 2-3.

A. Monetary Measures of Welfare Change under Certainty

Consumers Welfare
•Johansson, Chapter 1-6.
•Just, et al. Chapter 5,6,7,9 and Appendix B.
•Hausman, “ Exact Consumer Surplus and Deadweight Loss” AER, 1981, 662.
•Schulze, “The Use of Direct Methods for Valuing Natural Resource Damages”
in Kopp and Smith, eds. Natural Resources Damage Assessment.

* Willig, “Consumer’s Surplus without Apology”, AER, 1976, 589-597.
•Vartia, “Efficient Methods of Measuring Welfare Change and Compensated
Income in Terms of Market Demand Functions”, Economitrica, 1983, 79-98.
•Hanemann, “Willingness to Pay and Willingness to Accept: How Much Can
They Differ”, AER, 1990.
•Bockstael and McConnell, “ Welfare Effects of Changes in Quality” A
Synthesis” working paper 1987.



B. Monetary Measures of Welfare Change under Uncertainty: Option Price,
Option Value, and Quasi-option Value

•Freeman, Chapter 8, 5.
•Bishop, “Option Value: An Exposition and Extension” Land Ec, Feb. 1982.
•Bishop, “Resource Valuation under Uncertainty: Theoretical Principles for
Empirical” 1986.
•Freeman, “Nonuse Values in Natural Resource Damage Assessment” in Kopp
and Smith, eds. Naturnal Resources Damage Assessment.
•Graham, “Cost-Benefit Analysis under Uncertainty” AER, Sept. 1981.
•Hanemann, “Information and the Concept of Option Value” JEEM, March 1989.
•Johansson, Chapter 10, 11.

* Pearce and Turner, Chapter 9.
•Smith, “Non-Use Values in Benefit Cost Analysis” SEJ, July 1987.

C. Damage Function
•Ostro (1983), “ The Effects of Air Pollution on Work Loss and Morbidity,” JEEM, 10, 371-382.
•Zuidema and Nentjes (1997), “Health Damage of Air Pollution: An Estimate of a Dose-Response Relationship for the Netherlands,” Environmental and Resource Economics, 9, 291-308.
•Chay and Greenstone (2003), “The Impact of Air Pollution on Infant Mortality: Evidence from Geographic Variation in Pollution Shocks Induced by a Recession,”
QJE, August, 1121-1167.
•Greenstone (2004), “Did the Clean Air Act Cause the Remarkable Decline in Sulfur Dioxide Concentrations?”, JEEM, May, 585-611.
. Currie, Neidell, and Schmieder (2008), “Air Pollution and Infant Health: Lessons
from New Jersey,” NBER working paper 14196.
.Alberini and Krupnick (2002), “Valuing the Health Effects of Pollution,” in Tietenberg and Folmer ed. The International Yearbook of Environmental and Resources Economics, UK: Edward Elgar.

D. Indirect Benefit Measurement

1. Hedonic Models (hedonic price model and hedonic wage model)
•Freeman, Chapter 11,12.
•Johansson, Chapter 7.
• Haab and McConnell (2002), Chapter 9: Hedonic Price Equations
•McConnell, “Indirect Methods for Assessing Natural Resource Damages under
CERCLA” in Kopp and Smith, eds. Natural Resource Damage Assessment.

* OECD (1989), Chapter 5.
•Palmquist, “Hedonic Methods” in Braden and Kolstad, ed, Measuring the
Demand for Environmental Improvement. North-Holland, 1990.
•Palmquist, “Welfare Measurement in the Hedonic Model: The Case of
Nonparametric Marginal Prices”, JEEM, Sept. 1988.
• Rosen, “Hedonic Prices and Implicit Markets” JPE, 1974.
.Gamble and Downing (1982), “Effects of Nuclear Power Plants on Residential Property Values,” J. of Regional Science, 22(4), 457-478.

Value of Life and Value of Injury:
• Visusi and Aldy, “The Value of a Statistical Life: A Critical Review of Market Estimates Throughout the World,” NBER working paper 9487, 2003, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 27(1), August 2003.
• Bellavance, F. G. Dionne, and M. Lebeau (2009), ‘The Value of a Statistical Life : A Meta-analysis with a Mixed Effects Regression Model, ‘ Journal of Health Economics, 28, 444-464.

2. Recreation Demad Models: Travel Cost, Hedonic Travel Cost, Random
Utility Models, and Nested Logit Models
•Freeman, Chapter 13.
• Haab and McConnell (2002),
• Chapter 6: Modeling the Demand for Recreation
• Chapter 7: Single Site Demand Estimation
• Chapter 8: Site Choice Models
•Bockstael, Hanemann, and Kling, “Estimating the Value of Water Quality
Improvements in a Recreational Demand Framework” WRR, May 1987.
•Bockstael, McConnell, and Strand, “Recreation” in Braden and Kolstad, eds.,
Measuring the Demand for Environmental Improvement, North-Holland, 1990.
•Brown and Mendelsohn, “The Hedonic Travel Cost Method” REStat, August
1984.
•McConnell, “The Economics of Outdoor Recreation” in the Kneese and
Sweeney.
•Smith, “Travel Cost Recreation Demand Methods: Theory and Implementation”.

3. Household Production Models
•Bockstael and McConnell, “Welfare Measurement in the Household Production
Framework” AER, Sept. 1983.
•Deaton and Muellbauer, Chapter 10.
•Smith, “Household Production Functions and Environmental Benefit
Measurement” in Braden and Kolstad, eds., Measuring the Demand for
Environmental Improvement, North-Holland, 1990.


E. Contingent Valuation Method and Contingent Behavior Method
•Freeman, Chapter 6.
• Haab and McConnell (2002):
• Chapter 2: Parametric Models for Contingent Valuation;
• Chapter 4: The Distribution of Willingness to Pay
• Chapter 5: Topics in Discrete Choice Contingent Valuation
• V. Kerry Smith (2004), “Fifty Years of Contingent Valuation” in Tietenberg and Folmer edited, The International Yearbook of Environmental and Resource Economics 2004/2005, Edward Elgar Co.
•Boyle and Bishop, “Welfare Measures Using Contingent Valuation: A
Comparison of Techniques” AJAE, Feb. 1988.
•Camerson, “A New Paradigm for Valuing Non-market Goods using
Referendum Data” JEEM, Sept. 1988.
•Carson, “Constructed Markets” in Braden and Kolsted, eds., Measuring the
Demand for Environmental Improvement, North-Holland, 1990.
•Hanemann, “Welfare Evaluations in Contingent Valuation Experiments with
Discrete Responses” AJAE, Aug. 1984.
•Hanemann, Loomis, and Kanninen, “Statistical Efficiency of
Double-Bounded Dichotomous Choice Contingent Valuation, AJAE, 1991.
•Jahansson (1987), Chapter 7.
•McConnell, “Models for Referendum Data: The Structure of Discrete Choice
Models for Contingent Valuation” JEEM, Jan. 1990.
•Jessup, Amber, et al (2003), Valuation of Morbidity Losses: Meta-Analysis of Wilingnes-to-Pay and Health Status Measures, Final Report, RTI Project number 08184-002.

* OECD (1989) , Chapter 4.


3. Valuation of Environmental Risks
•Freeman, Chapter 8.
•Jones-Lee, The Economics of Safety and Physical Risk, Basil Blackwell, 1989,
Chapter 2, 3.
•Slovic, “Perception of Risk” Science, April 17, 1987, 280-285.
•Smith, “Environmental Risk Perception and Valuation: Conventional versus
Prospective Reference Theory” in The Social Response to Risk: Policy
Formation in an Age of Uncertainty, D. Bromley and K. Segerson, Editors
(Kluwer, 1992).
•Smith, et al., “Can Public Information Programs Affect Risk Perceptions?”
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Winter 1990.
•Viscusi and O’Connor, “Adoptive Responses to Chemical Labelling: Are Workers Bayesian Decision Makers?”, AER, 1984, 942-956.
•Smith and Desvousges, “ Risk Communication and the Value of Information: Randon as a Case Study,” REstat, 1990, 137-142.
•Viscusi, “ A Bayesian Perspective on Biases in Risk Perception” Economics
Letters, 1985.
•Viscusi, Fatal Tradeoffs: Public and Private Responsibilities for Risk, New
York: Oxford University Press, Chapter 6-8.
•Viscusi and Evans, “Utility Functions that Depend on Health Status: Estimates
and Economic Implications” AER, June 1990.

4. Valuing Longevity and Health
•Freeman, Chapter 10.
•Tolley, Kenkel and Fabian (1994).

• Value of Life:
• Viscusi and Aldy (2003), “The Value of A Statistical Life: A Critical Review of Market Estimates Throughout the World”, NBER working paper 9487;

• Value of Health:
Diener, O’brien and Gafni (1998), “Health Care Contingent Valuation Studies: A Review and Classification of the Literature” Health Economics, 7: 313-326.


5. Environmental Regulations and International Trade
•Oates, Palmer, and Portney, “Environmental Regulation and International
Competitiveness: Thinking About the Porter Hypothesis,” REF/QE Discussion
Pater 94-12, Nov. 1993.
• Jaffe, Peterson, Portney and Stavins, “Environmental Regulation and the Competitiveness of U.S. Manufacturing: What Does the Evidence Tell us?” JEL, 1995, 132-163.
• Brunnermeier, Smita B. and Arik Levinson (2004), “Examining the Evidence on Environmental Regulations and Industry Location,” Journal of Environment & Development, 13(1), 6-41.
• Ederington, J., A. Levinson and J. Minier (2003), “Footloose and Pollution-Free”, NBER working paper 9718.
• Ederington, J. and J. Minier (2003), “Is Environmental Policy a Secondary Trade Barrier? An Empirical Analysis,” Canadian Journal of Economics, 36(1), 137-154.
•Anderson and Neary, “A New Approach to Evaluating Trade Policy” World
Bank Working Paper, Nov. 1992.
•Dean, “Trade and The Environment, A Survey of the Literature” World Bank
Working Paper, Aug 1992.
•De Boer, Ineke, “Trade and Environment: A Brief Survey of Current
Theoretical Issues,” in Ekko C. van Ierland ed. International Environmental Economics: Theories, Models and Applications to Climate Change, International Trade and Acidification. (Asmsterdam: Elsevier, 1994).
•Barbera and McConnell, “The Impact of Environmental Regulations on
Industry Productivity: Direct and Indirect Effects” JEEM, Vol. 18, 1990.
•Gray and Shadbegian, “Pollution Abatement Costs, Regulation, and Plant-Level
Productivity,” NBER Working paper, 4994, Jan. 1995.

期刊名稱 :
AER: American Economics Review
AJAE: American Journal of Agricultural Economics
CJE: Canadian Journal of Economics
EC Inq: Economic Inquiry
Economica
EJ: Economic Journal
JEL: Journal of Ecoonomic Literature
JEEM: Journal of Environmental Economics and Management
JPAM: Journal of Policy and Management
JPE: Journal of Political Economy
Land Ec: Land Economics
NRJ: Natural Resources Journal
Pub. Fin. : Public Finance
QJE: Quarterly Journal of Economics
SEJ: Southern Economic Journal
REStat: Review of Economics and Statistics
REStudies: Review of Economics Studies
WRR: Water Resources Research
 
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