課程資訊
課程名稱
環境規劃設計實習二 A
Workshop of Environmental Planning and Design (Ⅱ) 
開課學期
104-2 
授課對象
工學院  建築與城鄉研究所  
授課教師
黃舒楣 
課號
BP5018 
課程識別碼
544 M0020 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
 
上課地點
 
備註
原住民部落災後重建規劃
限本系所學生(含輔系、雙修生)
總人數上限:8人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1042BP5018_ 
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課程概述

2016 UIUC-NTU-NTU Plus Co-studio
Integrated Post-disaster Planning: Livelihood, Environment, Social Resilience

Leading instructors:
Robert Olshansky, Professor and Head of Urban and Regional Planning (UIUC)
Shu-Mei Huang, PhD, Assistant Professor, Graduate Institute of Building and Planning (NTU)

本課程為跨國合作規劃實習課程,台大建築與城鄉研究所與美國伊利諾大學都市計畫系合作(系主任Robert Olshansky老師及該學院學生),以屏東裡納禮為學習基地,在五月下旬至六月初進行移地教學(5/22-6/3)。

課程簡述:
Today people have come to learn that people have to live with disasters. Moreover, disaster is a long-term social-spatial process rather than a temporary event. What is ignored is that vulnerability of the place and people being affected by a particular disaster has had accumulated before the disastrous event. After the disaster, a number of issues would gradually surface in the course of recovery and it usually take more time than expected to get everything back on track. Public attention focuses on short-term relief while long-term post-disaster planning does not attract as much attention as necessary. Through the planning studio cooperated by the Graduate Institute of Building and Planning at National Taiwan University (NTU) and the Department of Urban Planning at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign(UIUC), we are looking forward to building up a cross-border, interdisciplinary learning model to advance teaching and research about post-disaster planning.

The studio focuses on advancing towards an integrated post-disaster planning framework that links together issues of livelihood, environment, and social resilience. In particular, it pays attention to how place-based indigenous communities strive to maintain their cultural identity in relation to their inhabitance and collective use of the natural resource base in the context of post-disaster recovery. Relocation, in the name of modernization and safety, has occurred to the indigenous communities over the past century. In many cases, relocation is seen as a necessary measure to improve the people’s livelihood. Thus, how to cope with displacement becomes a lasting issue that challenges the indigenous victims of disasters. What is largely ignored is the issue of livelihood and social resilience that could not be satisfied by simply providing rehousing. The lack of linkage between the rehousing plan and their ancestral territories posed fundamental challenges to the indigenous communities. It is then another task to create conditions to enable the displaced communities to participate in placemaking in their new environment and to sustain a kind of meaningful linkage with their former settlements. Other than the issue of displacement, a few substantial issues to address are listed in the following:

• Finding new funding source in the face of a withdrawal of public investment
• Aging population and outmigration
• A lack of land to support community-based economic activities, such as farming
• Uncertain plans to reutilize the former settlements and the ancestral territories

Despite all the challenges listed, placemaking in displacement may turn crisis into critical opportunities for the impacted communities to recover the disappearing commons in coping with issues of ecological democracy, food autonomy, alternative economics, cross-culture communication, etc. creative practices can bring together people across ethnicities to reclaim their ownership to the new places. The studio attempts at having the students exploring alternative ways to cope with displacement through placemaking with the communities. 

課程目標
課程有以下兩個目標:

1.透過國際災後重建規劃經驗比較視角,認識台灣莫拉克風災災後重建規劃的長期議題。Robert Olshansky近年在四川震災後有連續的研究關注,對於美國及亞太相關災後重建議題亦有長期研究,將帶領建築、景觀、都市計畫相關背景的伊利諾大學學生約8-12位到台灣參與合作教學。

2.與在地社區組織與青年合作,與社區共學:莫拉克災情慘重,災後社區力量至為重要,不少組織與青年團體逐漸投入,是災後重建規劃長期推動的重要力量,課程期望與之共學,促進災後重建規劃與地方知識接軌。 
課程要求
Application
The student is required to take another prep seminar (2 credits) together with the co-studio. For further information about the program, please email Shu-Mei Huang
shumeihuang@ntu.edu.tw

Based in Rinari at Southern Taiwan, a relocation community resulting from the damaging Typhoon Morakot in 2009, this 2-week-long international studio attempts at bringing students to the forefront of post-disaster planning. As one of the most noted recovery cases, the village is currently co-inhabited by three tribes, including Rukai and Paiwan. NTU Building and Planning Research Foundation has continuously contributed to some of the post-disaster recovery actions which reflect important concerns about indigenous cultural recovery here.

Students (20-22 students in all)
4-6 Master students from NTU
6-12 Master students from UIUC
5 Students from NTU+ (senior students or master students are preferred)

Accommodation
At Rinari, the participants will experience community-based homestay program and have a chance to discuss the ongoing recovery effort with the local communities.

Transportation
The program fee includes all the ground transportation in Pingtung but does not include the rapid railway ticket that connects Pingtung and Taipei. 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
Online resources

• 莫拉克災後重建委員會Morakot Post-disaster Reconstruction Council (disbanded since 2014) http://morakotdatabase.nstm.gov.tw/88flood.www.gov.tw/eng/index.html
• On extreme climate in Taiwan (the case of Typhoon Morakot) http://unfccc.epa.gov.tw/unfccc/english/_uploads/downloads/01_Extreme_Events_and_Disasters_from_Typhoon_Morakot-the_Biggest_Threat_ever_to_Taiwan.pdf
http://www.taiwan921.lib.ntu.edu.tw/88P.html
• 瑪家部落Makazayazaya https://www.facebook.com/makazayazaya
• 古茶布安Kucapungane https://www.facebook.com/Kucapungane20101225
• 我們的島 ─八八風災週年短片-雲豹的脫困之路
A review by the PTS, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2f-Prcq0kpg (Chinese subtlte only)
• 《回家的路》The documentary “Our Way Home,” preview available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CDoYkSK1ujU
• The Rinari Workshop (2014) http://2014rinariworkshop.blogspot.tw/
• Wen et al. 2014. Typhoon Morakot and institutional changes in Taiwan. In Rajib Shaw (Eds.), Disaster recovery: used or misused development opportunity, Springer. Pp. 61-76.
• Living with Typhoon: Disaster Management in Rural Taiwan https://www.rgs.org/NR/rdonlyres/A88AAB58-68F1-407C-A6FF-
5C1C4D6466D3/0/Typhoons_FinalResearchReport2.pdf 
指定閱讀
*Iuchi, Kanako, Elizabeth Maly, and Laurie Johnson. "Three Years After a Mega-disaster: Recovery Policies, Programs and Implementation After the Great East Japan Earthquake." Post-Tsunami Hazard. Springer International Publishing, 2015. 29-46.

*Iuchi, Kanako, Laurie A. Johnson, and Robert B. Olshansky. "Securing Tohoku's future: Planning for rebuilding in the first year following the Tohoku-oki earthquake and tsunami." Earthquake Spectra 29.s1 (2013): S479-S499.

*Mei-Fang Fan, 2015, Disaster governance and community resilience: reflections on Typhoon Morakot in Taiwan, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management , 58 (1).

Liao K-H. 2012. A theory on urban resilience to floods—a basis for alternative planning practices. Ecology and Society 17(4): 48. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-05231-170448.

*李宗義, 林宗弘. "社會韌性與災後重建: 汶川地震中的國家與地方社會." 東亞研究 44.2 (2013): 1-38.

林宗弘. "災後重建的政治: 中國 512 地震與臺灣 921 地震的比較." 臺灣社會學刊50 (2012): 57-110.

*邵珮君. "台灣集集震災後社區營造式重建機制之探討-以軍功里和劉家伙房之重建為例." 都市與計劃 30.4 (2003): 371-389

林倩如,古查布鞍遷村一年,台北: 有鹿。

洪啟東, 劉純芳. "中國大陸 512 汶川震災後的重建空間轉化機制初探: 彭州市與映秀鎮." 都市與計劃 39.2 (2012): 199-223.

洪鴻智. "自然災害後政府重建資源分配之決策因素分析: 以 921 地震為例." 公共行政學報 23 (2007): 95-124.

*在永久屋裡想家: 莫拉克災後三年,「永久屋」與人的故事,莫拉克獨立新聞網出版。

鄭仲傑. "災後重建社區之脆弱性與回復力研究-以 921 震災社區重建三案例為對象." 臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文 (2010): 1-151.

薛欣怡. "高齡者避難決策與影響因素之探討-以高雄市甲仙區十五個案例為對象."臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文 (2012): 1-108.  
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