課程資訊
課程名稱
都市及區域經濟發展概論
INTRODUCTION TO URBAN AND REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 
開課學期
99-1 
授課對象
工學院  建築與城鄉研究所  
授課教師
陳良治 
課號
BP7120 
課程識別碼
544 M4190 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期五2,3,4(9:10~12:10) 
上課地點
工綜305 
備註
總人數上限:25人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/991IURED 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

協助推動經濟發展已成為台灣的空間規劃師被賦予的重要任務之一。然而由於全球化及資訊科技的發展,近幾十年來經濟成長在空間形態上所呈現的劇烈變化,已無法完全透過傳統空間經濟理論予以解釋。有鑑於此,本課程之目的在增進學生對當今都市及區域經濟動態的理解能力,除認識產業發展與空間互動關係的轉變外,並瞭解目前重要區域發展政策的邏輯及內涵。
本課程從以下幾個面向來檢視都市及區域經濟,第一部分先討論產業區位及都市與區域經濟理論的演進,接著討論當代都市及區域經濟領域對於幾個重要議題的論辯,包括技術的影響、全球化及都市與區域生產的重組。最後,本課程將介紹目前都市及區域經濟發展政策的趨勢,如推動高科技產業、產業群聚(industrial clusters)、培養社會資本(social capital)、結合經濟與環境發展、及發展都會區等。
 

課程目標
增進學生對當今都市及區域經濟動態的理解能力,除認識產業發展與空間互動關係的轉變外,並瞭解目前重要區域發展政策的邏輯及內涵。 
課程要求
課程採討論形式(seminar)上課,由教師與學生於課堂中針對每週之主題及讀物進行密集討論。修課學生應(1)於每週課前閱讀至少二篇讀物並撰寫讀物評論 ;(2)積極參與課堂討論;(3)帶領至少一次課堂討論;(4)參與期末考試或繳交研究報告。

*讀物評論長度不超過一頁,內容應包括:文章之重點、提出至少二個關於文章的問題或批評,以及讀後心得等,並於每週四 中午12:00前將評論上傳至本課程之討論看板。
*選擇撰寫研究報告同學應於學期中(11/12)前繳交研究大綱(包括研究主題及摘要)並經授課教師核可。報告長度約20-30頁。


 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
另約時間 
參考書目
 
指定閱讀
第二週 (9/24) 為什麼研究都市及區域經濟
梁琦(2005),空間經濟學:過去、現在與未來(代譯者序) in The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade by Masahisa Fujita, Paul Krugman and Anthony Venables (中譯本,空間經濟學-城市、區域與國際貿易,中國人民大學出版社出版)。
Glaeser, Edward L. (1996), “Why Economists Still Like Cities, ” City Journal, Spring: 70-77.
Ohmae, Kenichi (1995), The end of the nation state: The rise of regional economies. New York: Free Press. Chapter 7. (中譯本,李宛蓉譯,1996,民族國家的終結:區域經濟的興起,台北:立緒文化)

第三週 (10/1) 古典產業區位及都市系統模式
Alonso, William (1975), “Location Theory, ” Chapter 2 in Regional Policy: Readings in Theory and Applications. Cambridge: MIT Press. (中譯本,劉錚錚,1986,個別生產者的區位理論,錚錚區位及市地利用經濟論文集)
Bairoch, Paul (1988), “Cities : Their Locations, Spheres of Influence, Size, and Economic Functions,“ Chapter 9 in Cities and Economic Development.
Cobb, James C. (1982), “Why Industry Came South, ” Chapter 8 in The Selling of the South: The Southern Crusade for Industrial Development, 1936-1980. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.

第四週 (10/8) 區域成長之經濟基礎模式(economic base models)
North, Douglas (1975), “Location Theory and Regional Economic Growth,” Chapter 13 in Regional Policy: Readings in Theory and Applications. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Tiebout, Charles (1975), “Exports and Regional Economic Growth, ” Chapter 14 in . Regional Policy: Readings in Theory and Applications. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Power, Thomas M. (1996), “The Economic Base: Distracting Vision, Distorting Reality, “ Chapter 7 in Environmental Protection and Economic Well-Being. New York: Sharpe.

第五週 (10/15) 聚集(agglomeration)及都市化經濟(urbanization economies)
Vernon, Raymond (1960), “External Economies,” Chapter 5 in Metropolis. New York: Doubleday.
Krugman, Paul (1991), “Localization, ” Chapter 2 in Geography and Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Chinitz, Benjamin (1961), “Contrasts in Agglomeration: New York and Pittsburgh,” Papers and Proceedings of the American Economic Association.

第六週 (10/22) 區域發展的不均衡模式(disequilibrium models)
Arthur, Brian (1990), “Positive Feedbacks in the Economy.” Scientific American, February, 92-99.
Hirschman, Albert (1958), “Interregional and International Transmission of Economic Growth, “ Chapter 6 in The Strategy of Economic Development, New York: W.W. Norton.
Myrdal, Gunnar (1957), Rich lands and poor: The road to world prosperity. New York: Harper & Brothers. Chapter 2 and 3. (中譯本,許大川譯,1968,富裕國家與貧窮國家,台北:台灣銀行)。

第七週 (10/29) 成長極(growth poles)理論與實踐
Darwent, D. F. (1969). "Growth poles and growth centers in regional planning - a review." Environment and Planning 1(1): 5-32.
Gore, Charles (1984), “Urban-industrial Growth Pole Strategies and The Diffusion of Modernization, ”Chapter 3 in Regions in Question: Space, Development Theory, and Regional Policy. New York: Methuen.
Parr, J. B., 1999. Growth-pole Strategies in Regional Economic Planning: A Retrospective View: Part 2. Implementation and Outcome, Urban Studies 36 (8), 1247-1268

第八週 (11/5) 空間及國際分工(Spatial and international division of labor)
Massey, Doreen (1979), “In What Sense a Regional Problem?” Regional Studies, 13: 233-243.
Norton, R.D. and J. Rees. (1979), "The Product Cycle and the Spatial Decentralization of American Manufacturing," Regional Studies, 13, 141-151.
Frobel, Folker, et al. (1978), "The World Market for Labor and the World Market for Industrial Sites," Journal of Economic Issues, 12 (4), 843-858.

第十週 (11/19) 區域經濟研究的再現:彈性專業化(flexible specialization)與產業地域(industrial districts)
Brusco, Sebastian (1982), "The Emilian Model: Productive Decentralization and Social Integration," Cambridge Journal of Economics, 6, 167-184.
Harrison, Bennett (1992), "Industrial Districts: Old Wine in New Bottles?," Regional Studies, 26 (5), 469-483.
Sabel, Charles (1989), "Flexible Specialization and the Re-Emergence of Regional Economies," in Reversing Industrial Decline? : Industrial Structure and Policy in Britain and Her Competitors, Jonathan. Zeitlin and Paul Q. Hirst, Eds. New York: St. Martin's Press.

第十一週 (11/26) 全球化與都市及區域經濟
Amin, Ash and Nigel Thrift (1992), "Neo-Marshallian Nodes in Global Networks," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 16 (4), 571-587.
Carlino, Gerald A. (2001), "Knowledge Spillovers: Cities' Role in the New Economy," Business Review, 17-26.
Scott, Allen J. and Gioacchino Garofoli (2007), "The regional quesiton in economic development," in Development on the ground : clusters, networks and regions in emerging economies, Allen J. Scott and Gioacchino Garofoli, Eds. New York: Routledge.

第十二週 (12/3) 新區域發展策略(一):產業群聚(industrial clusters)
Porter, M. (2000), "Location, Clusters and Company Strategy," in The Oxford handbook of economic geography, Gordon L. Clark, et al., Eds. New York: Oxford University Press (中譯本:區位、集群與公司戰略,牛津經濟地理學手冊,北京:商務印書館).
Schmitz, Hubert (1995), “Collective efficiency: Growth path for small-scale industry, “ Journal of Development Studies 31 (4), 529-566
Spencer, G. M., T. Vinodrai, M. S. Gertler, and D. A. Wolfe (2010), "Do Clusters Make a Difference? Defining and Assessing their Economic Performance," Regional Studies, 44 (6), 697-715.

第十三週 (12/10) 新區域發展策略(二):高科技產業園區-矽谷模式
Saxenian, AnnaLee (1994), Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. (中譯本:彭蕙仙、常雲鳳譯,1999,區域優勢:矽谷與一二八公路的文化與競爭,台北:天下遠見).

第十四週 (12/17) 新區域發展策略(三):建立社會資本(social capital)
Putnam, Robert (1993), "The Prosperous Community: Social Capital and Public Life," The American Prospect, 35-42.
Evans, Peter (1996), "Government Action, Social Capital and Development: Reviewing the Evidence on Synergy," World Development, 24 (6), 1119-1132.
Westlund, Hans (2009), "The Social Capital of Regional Dynamics: A Policy Perspective," in NEW DIRECTIONS IN REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, Ake E. Andersson Charlie Karlsson, Paul C. Cheshire and Roger R. Stough, Ed.: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

第十五週 (12/24) 區域經濟發展政策(一)
Puga, D. (2002), "European regional policies in light of recent location theories," Journal of Economic Geography, 2 (4), 373-406.
Dewar, Margaret E. (1998), "Why State and Local Economic Development Programs Cause So Little Economic Development," Economic Development Quarterly, 12 (1), 68-87.
Potter, J. (2009), "Evaluating Regional Competitiveness Policies: Insights from the New Economic Geography," Regional Studies, 43 (9), 1225-1236.

第十六週 (12/31) 區域經濟發展政策(二):經濟與環境發展
Campbell, Scott (1992), “Integrating Economic and Environmental Planning: The Regional Perspective”, Working Paper #43, Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers.
Gibbs, D. (1998), "Regional Development Agencies and Sustainable Development," Regional Studies, 32 (4), 365 – 368.
Sabel, Charles F., et al. (2000), Beyond Backyard Environmentalism. Boston: Beacon Press.

第十七週 (1/7) 區域經濟發展政策 (三):發展都會區及創意城市
Luria, Dan and Joel Rogers (1999), Metro Futures : Economic Solutions for Cities and Their Suburbs. Boston: Beacon Press.
Evans, Graeme (2009), "Creative Cities, Creative Spaces and Urban Policy," Urban Studies, 46 (5-6), 1003-1040.
 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
 
No.
項目
百分比
說明
1. 
每週讀物評論 
10% 
 
2. 
課堂參與 
10% 
 
3. 
課堂討論帶領 
40% 
 
4. 
期末考試(或研究報告) 
40% 
 
 
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
9/17  課程概述 
第2週
9/24  為什麼研究都市及區域經濟 
第3週
10/01  古典產業區位及都市系統模式 
第4週
10/08  區域成長之經濟基礎模式(economic base models) 
第5週
10/15  聚集(agglomeration)及都市化經濟(urbanization economies) 
第6週
10/22  區域發展的不均衡模式(disequilibrium models) 
第7週
10/29  成長極(growth poles)理論與實踐 
第8週
11/05  空間及國際分工(Spatial and international division of labor) 
第9週
11/12  期中考週(停課) 
第10週
11/19  區域經濟研究的再現:彈性專業化(flexible specialization)與產業地域(industrial districts) 
第11週
11/26  全球化與都市及區域經濟 
第12週
12/03  新區域發展策略(一):產業群聚(industrial clusters) 
第13週
12/10  新區域發展策略(二):高科技產業園區-矽谷模式 
第14週
12/17  新區域發展策略(三):建立社會資本(social capital) 
第15週
12/24  區域經濟發展政策(一) 
第16週
12/31  區域經濟發展政策(二):經濟與環境發展 
第17週
1/07  區域經濟發展政策 (三):發展都會區及創意城市