課程資訊
課程名稱
人文與自然資源
Human Dimensions of Natural Resources Management 
開課學期
110-2 
授課對象
生物資源暨農學院  森林環境暨資源學研究所  
授課教師
盧道杰 
課號
Forest5061 
課程識別碼
625 U2150 
班次
 
學分
3.0 
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期二2,3,4(9:10~12:10) 
上課地點
新401 
備註
與余家斌、鄭舒婷合授
總人數上限:20人
外系人數限制:5人 
 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

自然資源經營管理與保育,或治理,除了掌握自然資源的物理、化學、生物等特性、變化與趨勢外,也需要關照人文面向的考量,包括政治、經濟、社會、文化等。其不僅影響人們對自然資源的價值判定,更是決策與資源分配的關鍵基礎。本課程以概念與個案為主,以主題與個案來傳播相關的訊息,最後以議題討論的方式來做統整。讓修課同學能對自然資源經營管理與保育的人文考量,有深廣的了解。內容主題以生態系服務與人類健康為主軸,先介紹幾個重要的概念:生態系服務 (ecosystem service)、永續性 (sustainability)、回復力 (resilience),權益關係人與權力,生態倫理,共有資源與共有財,生計,公平與正義等。然後會以主題與個案來跟同學分享、討論現實社會中,與自然資源經營管理或治理相關的社會、經濟、政治、或文化的考量。其包括:生態旅遊、自然資源與人類健康、社區林業、野生動物對作物的危害、里山、原住民族與自然資源、夥伴關係等。 

課程目標
1. 介紹與自然資源經營管理或治理相關的影響因子,及其分析方法;2. 藉主題與個案,討論自然資源經營管理或治理的人文 (政治、經濟、社會、文化等)面向議題,以深刻修課同學的人文思考。 
課程要求
1. 儘量不缺席、上課不遲到、踴躍參加活動與討論;
2. 每次上課後繳交心得;
3. 期中期末作業待討論 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
簡介
Chapin III FS, Folke C, Kofinas GP. (2009). A framework for Understanding. In: Chapin III FS, Kofinas GP, Folke C, editors. Principle of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. NY, United States: Springer, pp 3-28.
Manfredo, M.J., Vaske, J.J., Rechkemmer, A., and Duke, E.A. (eds.)(2014). Understanding Society and Natural Resources: Forging new stands of integration across the social sciences. International Association for Society and Natural Resources: Springer, New York.
Farvar, M. T. and G. Borrini-Feyerabend, J. Campese, T. Jaeger, H. Jonas and S. Stevens, (2018). Whose ‘Inclusive Conservation’? Policy Brief of the ICCA Consortium no. 5. The ICCA Consortium and Cenesta. Tehran.
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 19, 30-39. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2015.11.001

社會與生態系統; 權力、權益關係人及參與
Anderies, J. and M. Janssen. (2007). Robustness Trade-offs in Social-Ecological Systems. International Journal of the Commons 1 (1): 43-65.
Anderies, J. M., Janssen, M. A., & Ostrom, E. (2004). A framework to analyze the robustness of social-ecological systems from an institutional perspective. Ecology and Society 9(1): 18.
Basurto, X., S. Gelcich, and E. Ostrom. (2013). The social–ecological system framework as a knowledge classificatory system for benthic small-scale fisheries. Global Environmental Change 23 (7):1366-1380.
Berkes, F., and C. Folke. (editors.)(1998). Linking Social and Ecological Systems: Management Practices and Social Mechanisms for Building Resilience. Cambridge University Press, New York.
Biggs, Reinette, Maja Schluter, and Michael L. Schoon. (2015). Principles for building resilience: sustaining ecosystem services in social-ecological systems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Buchmann C. (2009). Cuban home gardens and their role in social–ecological resilience. Human Ecology 37:705-721.
Grimble, R. and K. Wellard. (1997). Stakeholder methodologies in natural resource management. A review of principles, contexts, experiences and opportunities. Agricultural Systems Journal 55(2): 173-193.
Ostrom, E. (2009). A General Framework for Analyzing Sustainability of Social-Ecological Systems Science 325(5939), 419-422.
Tai, H.S. (2015). Cross-Scale and Cross-Level Dynamics: Governance and Capacity for Resilience in a Social-Ecological System in Taiwan. Sustainability 7: 2045-2065.
Williams, K. W., H.S. Tai. (2016). A multi-tier social-ecological system analysis of protected areas co-management in Belize. Sustainability 8 (2): 104.

生態系服務、永續性及強健性
Jorgensen, Sven Erik, Joao Carlos Marques, and Soren Nors Nielsen. (2016) Integrated Environmental Management: A Transdisciplinary Approach. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group.

深層生態學、民間團體及公眾輿論的影響
洪如玉,(2014)。深層生態學內涵探究及其教育蘊義。新竹教育大學教育學報,31(2): 103-134。
Wissing, R., Jones, D. and Boontharm, D. (2015). Deep ecology and Australian suburbia: Learning from aboriginal Australia philosophy. 21st International Sustainable Development Research Society Conference Tipping Point. 10th - 12th July, http://programme.exordo.com/isdrs2015/delegates/presentation/187/
也許移後討論動物保護與原住民狩獵的議題,或美國西北林區林業經營與斑點鴞保育

共有資源與共有財
Andersson, K. and E. Ostrom. (2008). Analyzing decentralized resource regimes from a polycentric perspective. Policy Science 41:71-93.
Ostrom, E. (2009). A General Framework for Analyzing Sustainability of Social-Ecological Systems. Science 325(5939): 419-422.
Ostrom, E., Gardner, R. and Walker, J. (1994). Rules, Games, and Common-Pool Resources. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Hardin, G. (1969). Tragedy of the Commons. Science 162: 1243-1248.
Feeny, D., Berkes, F., McCay, B.J., and Acheson, J.M. (1990). 20 years after the tragedy of the Commons. Human Ecology 18(1): 1-19.

生計分析
Berkes, F. (2009). Conservation, community, and livelihoods: Sustaining, renewing, and adapting cultural connections to the land. Chapin, F.S. et al.(eds.), Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship. Pp129-147. Springer.
Chapin, F. S., Folke, C., & Kofinas, G. P. (2009). A framework for understanding change. In F. S. Chapin, G. P. Kofinas & C. Folke (Eds.), Principles of ecosystem stewardship: Resilience-based natural resource management in a changing world (pp. 3-28). New York, NY: Springer.

公平與正義
Howitt, Richard. (2001). Rethinking resource management- Justice, sustainability and indigenous peoples. London & New York: Routledge.
Ross, A., Sherman, K.P. Snodgrass, J. G., Delcore, H.D. and Sherman, R. (2011). Indigenous peoples and the collaborative stewardship of nature- Knowledge binds and institutional conflicts. US: Left Coast Press.
Timsina, Netra and Luintel, Harisharan. (2003). Equity and social justice in natural resource management- A discussion note. ForestAction, Nepal.
Blog by Phil Franks, Equity, justice and ecosystem services: what do we mean? file:///C:/Users/daujy/Documents/courses/C18-1/HDNRM/Equity,%20justice%20and%20ecosystem%20services_%20what%20do%20we%20mean_%20_%20International%20Institute%20for%20Environment%20and%20Development.html

生態旅遊 (余家斌老師)
Fennell, David A. (2008). Ecotourism. 3rd Edition. New York: Routledge.
Martha, H. (2008). Ecotourism and Sustainable Development : Who Owns Paradise? (2nd Edition). Covelo, CA: Island Press.

自然資源與人類健康 (余家斌老師)
Yu, C.-P., Lee, H.-Y., & Luo, X.-Y. (2018). The Effect of Virtual Reality Forest and Urban Environments on Physiological and Psychological Responses. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 35: 106-114.
Chen, H.-T., Yu, C.-P., & Lee, H.-Y. (2018). The Effect of Forest Bathing on Stress Recovery: Evidence from Middle-Aged Females of Taiwan. Forests 9(7): 403-412.
Yu, C.-P., Cole, S. T., & Chancellor, C. 2018. Resident support for tourism development in rural Midwestern (USA) communities: perceived tourism impacts and community quality of life perspective. Sustainability 10: 802.
Lee, H.-Y., Yu, C.-P., Wu, C.-D., & Pan, W.-C. (2018). The Effect of Leisure Activity Diversity and Exercise Time on the Prevention of Depression in the Middle-Aged and Elderly Residents of Taiwan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15: 654-665.
Yu, C.-P., Tsai, M.-J., Tsai, Y.-C., Yang, C.-K., & Chen, H.-T. (2018). Effects of forest bathing on stress recovery: An exploratory study among college students in Taiwan. Journal of Forest and Human Health Promotion Research 2, 1-13.
余家斌、蔡明哲、楊智凱、吳采諭、陳群育,(2017)。森林浴生理效益初探-以唾液澱粉?為生理指標。國立臺灣大學生物資源暨農學院實驗林研究報告,31(4): 229-242。
Yu, C.-P., Lin, C.-M., Tsai, M.-J., Tsai, Y.-C., & Chen, C.-Y. (2017). Effects of Short Forest Bathing Program on Autonomic Nervous System Activity and Mood States in Middle-Aged and Elderly Individuals. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14(8): 897.
余家斌、趙彥琛、陳薇如,(2015)。森林環境對生心理狀態效益之研究。中華林學季刊,48(4): 363-376。
余家斌、袁孝維、蔡明哲、邱祈榮,(2015)。森林遊憩與健康。中華林學季刊,48(2): 173-184。

社區監測與公民科學
Conrad, C. and Daoust, T. (2008). Community-Based Monitoring Frameworks: Increasing the Effectiveness of Environmental Stewardship, Environmental Management 41: 358-366.
Conrad, C. and Hilche, K.G. (2011). A review of citizen science and community -based environmental monitoring: issues and opportunities. Environ Monit Assess 176: 273–291.
Danielsen, F. et al., (2008). Local Participation in Natural Resource Monitoring: A Characterization of Approaches, Conservation Biology, 23 (1): 31-42.
Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network Coordinating Office and the Canadian Nature Federation (EMANCO & CNF). (2003). Improving Local Decision Making through Community Based Monitoring: toward a Canadian community monitoring network. Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.
Haklay, M.F. (2013). Citizen Science and Volunteered Geographic Information – overview and typology of participation, in Sui, D.Z., Elwood, S. and M.F. Goodchild (eds.), Crowdsourcing Geographic Knowledge: Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) in Theory and Practice. New York: Springer. pp 105-122.
Spellerberg, I. F. (1991). Monitoring ecological change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Whitelaw, G. Vaughan, H. Craig, V. and Atkinson, D. (2003). Establishing the Canadian community monitoring network. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 88: 409-418

社區與自然資源
Agrawal, A. & C. Gibson. (2001). The role of communities in natural resource conservation, In “Communities and the Environment: Ethnicity, Gender, and the State in Community-Based Conservation” chapter one, p 1-31, edited by Agrawal, A. & C. Gibson. Rutgers University Press, 232 pp.
Cheong, So-Min. (2005). Korean fishing communities in transition: Limitations of community-based resource management. Environment and Planning A 37: 1277-1290.
Edmunds, D. and Wollenberg, E. (2003). Local forest management-The impact of devolution policies. Earthscan.
Flint, Courtney G., Luloff, A. E. and Finley, James C. (2008). Where Is “Community” in Community-Based Forestry? Society & Natural Resources 21(6): 526-537.
呂郁玟,(2013)。宜蘭縣無尾港文教促進會的運作與地方角色,國立臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學系碩士論文。
宜蘭縣無尾港文教促進會,(2014)。行政院農業委員會林務局「社區林業」第二階段「林業示範社區營造計畫」宜蘭縣無尾港文教促進會細部計畫書(四年計畫之第四年)。
陳佳宜,(2006)。海濱社區參與溼地保育之研究:以無尾港水鳥保護區為例。國 立臺灣大學漁業科學所碩士論文。
彭安琪,(2011)。宜蘭縣無尾港水鳥保護區社區監測的施行與研究,國立臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學系碩士論文。
黃書娟,(2007) 社區林業的政策與計畫執行之研究 — 以羅東林區管理處為例,台北:國立臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所碩士論文。
盧道杰,(2001) 分權、參與及保護區經營管理-以宜蘭無尾港與高雄三民楠梓仙溪野生動物保護區為例,地理學報,30: 101?124.

生態系經營管理
Cordell, H. Ken and Bergstrom, John C. (1999). Integrating social sciences with ecosystem management : human dimensions in assessment, policy, and management
Reid, Walter V. (2006). Bridging scales and knowledge systems: concepts and applications in ecosystem assessment. Washington: Island Press.

里山
人禾、狸和禾,(2013)。水梯田: 貢寮山村的故事。台北: 無限出版。
Takeuchi, K., Ichikawa, K., & Elmqvist, T. (2016). Satoyama landscape as social–ecological system: historical changes and future perspective.

原住民在自然資源
Berkes, F. (1999). Sacred ecology –traditional ecological knowledge and resource management. Taylor & Francis, USA, 209pp.
Berkes, F. (2009). Conservation, community, and livelihoods: Sustaining, renewing, and adapting cultural connections to the land. Chapin, F.S. et al.(eds.), Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship. Pp129-147. Springer.
Hughes, Joanna. (2018). Why indigenous studies matter for natural sciences students. https://www.masterstudies.com/article/why-indigenous-studies-matter-for-natural-sciences-students/

共管
Cronkleton, Peter, Pulhin, Juan M., and Saigal, Sushil. (2012). Co-management in Community Forestry: How the partial devolution of management rights creats challenges for forest communities. Conservation and Society 10(2): 91-102.
Olsson, P., Folke, C., Galaz, V., Hahn, T., & Schultz, L. (2007). Enhancing the fit through adaptive co-management: creating and maintaining bridging functions for matching scales in the Kristianstads Vattenrike Biosphere Reserve Sweden. Ecology and Society, 12(1): 28.
盧道杰、吳昀蓉,(2014 )。進行中的自然資源共管案例所援引的法規探析。臺灣原住民族研究學報,4 (4): 123-138。
盧道杰、陳律伶、台邦.撒沙勒、闕河嘉、裴家騏、蔡博文,(2010)。自然保護區發展共管機制的挑戰與機會,臺灣原住民族研究季刊,3(2): 91-130。
盧道杰、闕河嘉,(2011)。社區培力與資源保育:我國社區林業政策評析,臺灣政治學刊,15 (1): 137-204。
盧道杰、闕河嘉、高千雯、裴家騏、顏家芝、劉子銘、台邦撒沙勒、蔡博文、趙芝良,( 2011 )。臺灣保護區共管的情勢分析與挑戰。臺灣原住民族研究季刊,4 (2): 1-37。 
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