課程名稱 
光學診斷技術 Optical Techniques in Diagnosis 
開課學期 
1101 
授課對象 
電機資訊學院 光電工程學研究所 
授課教師 
宋孔彬 
課號 
BEBI7004 
課程識別碼 
945 M2900 
班次 

學分 
3.0 
全/半年 
半年 
必/選修 
選修 
上課時間 
星期五2,3,4(9:10~12:10) 
上課地點 
明達225 
備註 
總人數上限：18人 
Ceiba 課程網頁 
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1101_OptDgns 
課程簡介影片 

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課程概述 
Biomedical optics has been increasingly applied to the screening, surveillance and diagnosis of diseases, as well as the noninvasive monitoring of physiological status of tissue/organs in vivo. The interaction between light and biological tissue involves mainly scattering and absorption, which can be modeled analytically with the framework of the Radiative Transport Equation (RTE) or numerically with the Monte Carlo method. With sufficient understanding and appropriate modeling of lighttissue interactions, the clinically relevant and useful information can be extracted from optical signals measured from tissue. The following techniques will be introduced:
1. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and imaging
2. Nearinfrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and tomography
3. Tissue oximetry using DRS or NIRS
4. Fluorescence spectroscopy
5. Single (few) scattering techniques
6. Raman scattering spectroscopy
Other optical techniques related to the noninvasive diagnosis or monitoring of physiological conditions will be reviewed by the students (topics chosen by the students). Note that techniques using only ballistic photons to provide signals (e.g. confocal microscopy and nonlinear microscopy) are NOT covered in this course. 
課程目標 
To obtain the fundamental knowledge and skills for the analysis and interpretation of data measured from tissue, the following steps will be employed:
1. The principle of light propagation in soft tissue will be introduced.
2. Students will learn the practical use of the Monte Carlo method to numerically simulate light propagation in soft tissues.
3. The students will review the literature on selected optical techniques that can be used to aid the noninvasive diagnosis of disease or monitoring of physiological status.
4. Students will get handson experience with Monte Carlo simulations or the RTE framework by working on a term project with a topic related to optical diagnostic techniques. 
課程要求 
1. Homework (individual)
Each student will develop a computer program using the Monte Carlo method to simulate the propagation of photons in biological tissues. Eight sets of computer assignments will be given to gradually guide the students through the model development process. Basic programming ability or acquaintance with Matlab is required.
Alternatively, students can choose Track 2 in which they submit a progress report (with the same due data as the homework) instead of the computer homework.
2. Literature review (individual)
To gain a more indepth understanding of selected techniques, students are required to pick a specific topic, study related literature, and make an oral presentation to introduce the selected topic. In addition, students are expected to participate in discussion.
3. Term project
Students will apply the simulation method they have learned in class to improve the data interpretation/analysis or experimental design, or to address a specific question related to optical diagnosis/monitoring of disease/physiology.
Students who choose Track 2 are required to prepare a draft for submitting to a conference or a journal. 
預期每週課後學習時數 

Office Hours 
另約時間 
參考書目 
1. "Biomedical Optics: Principles and Imaging", by Lihong V. Wang and Hsini Wu. WileyInterscience, 2007.
2. "Tissue Optics: light scattering methods and instruments for medical diagnosis”, by Valery Tuchin. Bellingham, Washington: SPIE Press, 2007.
3. "Handbook of Biomedical Optics", edited by David A. Boas, Constantinos Pitris, Nimmi Ramanujam. CRC Press, 2011.
4. "Handbook of Optical Biomedical Diagnostics”, edited by Valery Tuchin. Bellingham, Washington: SPIE Press, 2016.
5. "OpticalThermal Response of Laserirradiated Tissue", edited by Ashley J. Welch and Martin J.C. van Gemert. New York: Plenum Press, 1995. 
指定閱讀 
None 
評量方式 (僅供參考) 
No. 
項目 
百分比 
說明 
1. 
Computer Homework 
30% 
8 sets of computer homework to develop a multilayer Monte Carlo model of photon propagation in tissue 
2. 
Term project 
40% 
use homework or opensource software to do numerical simulation and analysis on a project related to optical diagnostic techniques 
3. 
Literature review & presentation 
15% 
make an oral presentation to introduce an optical technique for in vivo tissue characterization 
4. 
Term project proposal 
15% 
oral presentation and written report; covers the objective, motivation, significance and literature review on prior methods 

週次 
日期 
單元主題 
第1週 
09/24 
Overview
請於上課時間使用以下連結https://meet.google.com/rxgphfxpzy

第2週 
10/01 
Elastic scattering 
第3週 
10/08 
Monte Carlo simulation I
# Homework #1 
第4週 
10/15 
Monte Carlo simulation II 
第5週 
10/22 
Radiative transport equation (RTE)
# Homework #2 
第6週 
10/29 
# Oral presentations  literature review
Radiative transport equation (RTE) & analytical solution based on diffusion approximation 
第7週 
11/05 
Monte Carlo simulation III
# Homework #3 
第8週 
11/12 
Monte Carlo simulation IV 
第9週 
11/19 
Monte Carlo simulation V
# Homework #4 
第10週 
11/26 
Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy 
第11週 
12/03 
no class (校慶運動會)
# Homework #5 
第12週 
12/10 
functional NearInfrared Spectroscopy, Diffuse Optical Imaging/Tomography 
第13週 
12/17 
Fluorescence spectroscopy, Raman scattering spectroscopy
# Homework #6 
第14週 
12/24 
Probe geometry considerations, Project discussion 
第15週 
12/31 
no class (元旦補假)
# Homework #7 
第16週 
01/07 
# Track 1 project proposal (oral presentations) 
第17週 
01/14 
Term project progress discussion
# Homework #8 
第18週 
01/21 
# Term project mock report 
第19週 
01/28 
# Term project final report due 
