課程資訊
課程名稱
商法專題研究四
Seminar on Commercial Law (Ⅳ) 
開課學期
110-1 
授課對象
法律學院  法律研究所  
授課教師
 
課號
LAW7429 
課程識別碼
A21 M4890 
班次
 
學分
2.0 
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期二A,B(18:25~20:10) 
上課地點
 
備註
教室:霖研四1701。
限碩士班以上 且 限法律學院學生(含輔系、雙修生)
總人數上限:10人 
Ceiba 課程網頁
http://ceiba.ntu.edu.tw/1101LAW7429_ 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程大綱
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課程概述

市場上商業契約無所不在。過去同學多透過債總及債各課程學習「契約法」;本課程另闢蹊徑,從比較法與法經濟學觀點介紹「商業契約」的分析工具與重要案例。本課程配合耶魯大學知名法學院教授Ian Ayres之線上課程,收錄包括The Law Student’s Toolkit、American Contract Law I、American Contract Law II三門課程,探討其中具代表性之議題與案例。

本課程每次上課將分為三階段進行:
(1) 5-10 min 同學報告:修課同學須挑選一主題上台口頭報告。
(2) 10-15 min 聽Ian Ayres教授演講
(3) 課堂討論

課程進度目前規劃為16週,其中有2週將邀請來賓至課堂上進行演講,暫定為第8週與第9週。課程進度與內容可能視需要做彈性調整。 

課程目標
本課程希望透過文獻閱讀與案例分析,深入研究契約法之基本議題,並激發同學對於契約法之思辨。期望使同學明瞭契約背後的考量因素,進而培養規劃商業交易的能力。 
課程要求
1. 本課程之指定閱讀材料以英文文獻為主,故修課同學應具備英文資料之閱讀能力。
2. 本課程分為三階段進行:
(1) 5-10 min 同學報告:修課同學須挑選一主題上台口頭報告。
(2) 10-15 min 聽Ian Ayres教授演講
(3) 課堂討論
3. 同學應於上課前閱讀指定閱讀材料,於上課時應積極參與討論。期末將進行簡單之問答題測驗,以了解修課同學之學習狀況。 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
王文宇,《探索商業智慧--契約與組織》,2019,元照。 
指定閱讀
待補 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
   
課程進度
週次
日期
單元主題
第1週
  由授課教師進行課程說明與概念介紹
1. Introduction, https://reurl.cc/WLrbzO
2. Welcome to Contracts, https://reurl.cc/j516a1 
第2週
  Categories and Distinctions

1. Ex Ante v. Ex Post
指定閱讀:Barbara H. Fried, Ex Ante/Ex Post, 13 Journal of Contemporary Legal Issues 123 (2003) (available at https://reurl.cc/n01q4e)

2. Normative v. Positive
指定閱讀:https://reurl.cc/EzrglR
3. The Two-by-Two Box
指定閱讀:Spur Industries, Inc. v. Del E. Webb Development Co., 494 P.2d 700 (Ariz. 1972) (available at https://reurl.cc/5q5dmG)

4. Default v. Mandatory Rules
(1) 指定閱讀:Jacob & Youngs, Inc., v. Kent, 129 N.E. 889 (N.Y. 1921) (available at https://reurl.cc/9XG38x)
(2) 指定閱讀:Uniform Commercial Code § 2-206(1)(a) (available at https://www.law.cornell.edu/ucc/2/2-206)
(3) 指定閱讀:U.S. Const. art IV, § 1 (available at https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/articleiv#section1) 
第3週
  Categories and Distinctions

1. Rules v. Standards
指定閱讀:https://reurl.cc/Md065L

2. Paternalism v. Externalities: Limiting Contractual Freedom
指定閱讀:https://reurl.cc/zzZpRa

3. Property Rules v. Liability Rules
(1) 指定閱讀:Guido Calabresi & A. Douglas Melamed, Property Rules, Liability Rules, and Inalienability: One View of the Cathedral, 85 Harv. L. Rev. 1089 (1972). Read Section I-IV ONLY (pp. 1090-1124). (available at https://reurl.cc/Ezr6kn)
(2) 指定閱讀:Takings Clause: U.S. Const. amend. V (available at https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/fifth_amendment).
(3) 指定閱讀:Full Faith and Credit Clause: U.S. Const. art IV, § 1 (available at https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/articleiv#section1).

4. Hohfeld’s Theory of Right v. Privileges
指定閱讀:Wesley N. Hohfeld, Some Fundamental Legal Conceptions As Applied in Judicial Reasoning, 23 YALE L.J. 16 (1913) Read (pp. 17-32) (available at https://reurl.cc/8noX1M)

5. Exit and Voice
(1) 指定閱讀:Heather K. Gerken, Lecture, Exit, Voice, and Disloyalty, 62 DUKE L.J. 1349, 1352-60 (2013) Read (pp. 1352-1360) ONLY (available at https://reurl.cc/py1vql)
(2) 指定閱讀:Justin Fox, Exit, Voice, and Albert O. Hirschman, HARV. BUS. REV. (Oct. 12, 2012) (available at https://reurl.cc/zzZpg0)

6. Substance v. Procedure
(1) 指定閱讀:Albert Kocourek, Substance and Procedure, 10 FORDHAM L. REV. 157-186 (1941) Read pp. 157-177 (up to the end of the example on the Statute of Frauds) (available at https://reurl.cc/6lZj2d)
(2) 指定閱讀:Gacek v. Am. Airlines, Inc., 614 F.3d 298 (7th Cir. 2010) (available at https://reurl.cc/9XG6Ej)

7. Acoustic Separation
指定閱讀:Meir Dan-Cohen, Decision Rules and Conduct Rules: On Acoustic Separation in Criminal Law, 97 Harv L. Rev. 625 (1984) (available at https://reurl.cc/r8D38k) 
第4週
  Law and Economics, Philosophy, and Psychology

1. The Coase Theorem
指定閱讀:R. H. Coase, The Problem of Social Cost, 3 J.L. & ECON. 1 (1960) Read Sections I-VI (pp. 1-19). (available at https://reurl.cc/R1rL66)

2. Least Cost Avoider
指定閱讀:Richard A. Posner, Book Review, 37 U. Chi. L. Rev. 636 (1970) (reviewing Guido Calabresi, The Costs of Accidents: A Legal and Economic Analysis (1970)) (available at https://reurl.cc/14ZXgW)

3. Marginalism
指定閱讀:United States v. Caroll Towing Co. 159 F.2d 169 (1947) (available at https://reurl.cc/Q3L59p)

4. Wars & Panics
指定閱讀:Korematsu v. United States, 323 U.S. 214 (1944) (available at https://reurl.cc/ldoNRA)

5. Uncertainty v. Risk
(1) 指定閱讀:Frank Knight, Risk, Uncertainty and Profit ch. 1 (1921) (pp. 3 to 22) (available at https://reurl.cc/9XG65n)
(2) 指定閱讀:Palsgraf v. Long Island R.R., 162 N.E. 99 (N.Y. 1928) (available at https://reurl.cc/Z7AZj3)

6. Rawlsian Veil of Ignorance
指定閱讀:Samuel Freeman, Original Position, Stan. Encyclopedia Philosophy (Sept. 9 2014) (available at https://reurl.cc/Kjbdry) (please read §§ 1-3).

7. Behavioral Biases
(1) 指定閱讀:Christine Jolls, Cass R. Sunstein, & Richard Thaler, A Behavioral Approach to Law and Economics, 50 Stan. L. Rev. 1471 (1998). (available at https://reurl.cc/Z7AZAa) (please read pp. 1473 to 1489)
(2) 指定閱讀:Russel B. Korobkin & Thomas S. Ulen, Law and Behavioral Science: Removing the Rationality Assumption from Law and Economics, 88 Cal. L. Rev. 1051 (2000) (available at https://reurl.cc/OqA54y) (please read pp. 1060-1075) 
第5週
  Law and Economics, Philosophy, and Psychology

1. Search, Experience and Credence Goods
指定閱讀:Phillip Nelson, Information and Consumer Behavior, 78 J. Pol. Econ. 311 (1970) (available at https://reurl.cc/e83GWK)

2. Information Rules
(1) 指定閱讀:Anthony T. Kronman, Mistake, Disclosure, Information, and the Law of Contracts, 7 J. Legal Stud. 1 (1978) (available at https://reurl.cc/0Op4EK) (please read pp.1-18)
(2) 指定閱讀:Steven Shavell, Acquisition and Disclosure of Information Prior to Sale, 25 RAND J. Econ. 20, 20-22 (1994) (available at https://reurl.cc/e83GXK)

3. Famous Paradoxes and Dilemmas
(1) 指定閱讀:Sasha Volokh, An “Easy” Answer to the Infamous Monty Hall Problem, Wash. Post (Mar. 2, 2015) (available at https://reurl.cc/2gZ6EO)
(2) 指定閱讀:Ian Ayres, Statistical Methods Can Demonstrate Racial Disparity, N.Y. Times (Apr. 27, 2015) (available at https://reurl.cc/VXD0NR) 
第6週
  1. Default Rules, Altering Rules and Mandatory Rules
指定閱讀:https://reurl.cc/ldoNbA

2. Filling Gaps in Incomplete Contracts
指定閱讀:https://reurl.cc/j51QWq

3. Sullivan v. O'Connor - "Nose Job"
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/Md06KL 
第7週
  Formation Defenses

1. Raffles v. Wichelhaus – “Peerless Ships”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/2gZ6q6

2. Sherwood v. Walker – “Pregnant Cow”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/e83GNK

3. Lenawee County Board of Health v. Messerly – “Mutual Mistake”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/bR23QM

4. Laidlaw v. Organ – “War’s Over”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/zzZp36 
第8週
  邀請來賓演講 
第9週
  邀請來賓演講 
第10週
  Contract Performance

1. Alaska Northern Dev. Inc. v. Alyeska Pipeline Service Co.
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/Grx59A

2. Pacific Gas & Elect. v. Thomas Drayage – “Steam Turbine Accident”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/m9oRVA

3. Frigaliment Importing Co. v. B.N.S. International Sales Corp. – “Friendly Chicken”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/d521E6 
第11週
  Contract Performance

1. Centronics Corp. v. Genicom Corp. – “Unreleased Escrow”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/ldoNGj

2. Market Street Associates Limited Partnership v. Frey – “Posner’s Take on Good Faith”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/14ZXDQ

3. Warranties and Representations (of Fact)
指定閱讀:https://reurl.cc/Grx57A 
第12週
  Contract Performance

1. Express Conditions: In re Carter’s Claim – Failing Finances
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/OqARR3

2. Clark v. West – “Casebook Case”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/py1K9l

3. Ferguson v. Phoenix Assurance – “Untampered Safe”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/Y6v4MO 
第13週
  Right to Suspend Performance

1. Hochster v. De La Tour – “Courier’s Alternative”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/Ldm5va

2. Taylor v. Johnston – “Premature Breeding Cancellation”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/avne0G

3. AMF v. McDonalds – “Cash for Cash Registers”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/v1dpGA 
第14週
  Breach by the Buyer

1. American Mech. Corp. v. Union of Lynn – “Duty to Mitigate”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/j519M2

2. Bernstein v. Nemeyer – “Restitution Option”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/Q3LYn0

3. Locks v. Wade – “Lost Volume Profits”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/8noDlo 
第15週
  Breach by the Seller

1. Peevyhouse v. Garland Coal & Mining Co. – “Unmoved Dirt”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/5q5KgR

2. American Standard v. Schectman – “Diminution of Value v. Cost of Performance”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/od18D3

3. Hadley v. Baxendale – “Broken Crank Shaft Shipment”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/WLr0Lk 
第16週
  Injunctions and Specific Performance

1. Northern Indiana Public Service Co. v. Carbon County Coal – “Repudiated Coal Supply Contract”
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/9XGDXv

2. Cellphone Termination Fee Cases
指定閱讀:Case Decision, https://reurl.cc/Y6vY6o 
第17週
  彈性安排 
第18週
  期末考週