課程資訊
課程名稱
貿易法專題研究四
Seminar : Selected Topics on International Trade Law (Ⅳ) 
開課學期
103-1 
授課對象
法律學院  法律研究所  
授課教師
 
課號
LAW7148 
課程識別碼
A21 M5380 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期一9,A(16:30~19:15) 
上課地點
 
備註
教室為法研1。
限碩士班以上 且 限法律學院學生(含輔系、雙修生)
總人數上限:35人 
 
課程簡介影片
 
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課程概述

貿易法專題研究
Seminar on International Trade Law

International Trade and Human Rights
Chang-fa Lo

Part I. What are Human Rights? What are basic international trade rules? (Three sessions)
• Human Rights instruments; Nature; Contents and functions; Categories
• Some specific human rights which are more closely related to trade (the right to food, the right to health, core labor standards…)
• Is International Economic Justice part of Human Rights requirements?
• Trade and Human Rights Regimes – Conflict or Coherence

Part II. Direct, Indirect or Inherent Linkages between Trade and Human Rights (Three Sessions)
• Freer trade deteriorating the economic situation of disadvantageous countries or helping them? Are there mechanisms under multilateral or regional trading system to help such countries and to alleviate the situation?
• Freer trade deteriorating the economic situation of vulnerable groups of people or helping them? Are there mechanisms under multilateral or regional trading system to help such vulnerable people and to alleviate the situation?
• Food Security under WTO
• Democratic decision making of trade policies

Part III. Certain WTO Principles and Human Rights Implication (Two Sessions)
• MFN and Human Rights Implications
• NT and Human Rights Implications
• Transparency, Due Process and Human Rights Implications
• Reciprocity and Human Rights Implications

Part IV Incorporating Human Rights Components in WTO and Regional Trade Rules (Three Sessions)
• Incorporating Human Rights Components into WTO through treaty interpretation or application?
– To what extent human rights treaties can be “applied” or “taken into account” when interpreting WTO agreements?
– Example: GATT Article XX (“Public Moral”)
• WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism being used for Human Rights Claims?
• Incorporating Human Rights Components into WTO through creating Separate Mechanism
– “Unfair trade practices” to include violation of labor standard?
– More broadly, whether and how to include human rights as criterion of fair trade?
• Including Human Rights Chapter in FTAs: What are contents and how does it work?

Part V. WTO and Trade Interests as Tools to Enhance Human Rights in Other Countries (Three Sessions)
• Trade Liberalization as a tool to enhance human rights protection?
• GSP as a tool to enhance Human Rights protection? What are restrictions?
– But: In EC — Conditions for the Granting of Tariff Preferences to Developing Countries
• Trade sanctions against Human Rights violations?
– Justified under GATT XX or XXI?
• FTA as a tool to enhance Human Rights protection?

Part VI. TRIPS and Human Rights (Two Sessions)
• Implication of IP protection for Human Rights
– IP gives economic incentives to engage in innovations.
• More new medicines or medical instruments could better treat diseases and patients will be taken care of in a better manner.
• Patient’s right to health could thus be more effectively protected.
– Exclusive rights give right holders position to increase their prices up to a very high level. This could lead to adverse situation for patients to have access to needed medicines and medical devices.
• TRIPS’s balances between the protection of innovation and the public interests, including right to health.
• The flexibilities available under TRIPS are useful for balancing the economic interests of innovators and the protection of human rights concerning people’s access to affordable medicines.
• Examples of flexibilities:
– Parallel importation of genuine medicines
– Allowing compulsory licensing. 

課程目標

To have the participants
1. To become familiar with international trade rules and human rights
2. To acquire some knowledge about relations between different international regimes 
課程要求
1. The course will be conducted in English.
2. It is useful (but not required) if the participants already have some international trade law background.
3. Participants are expected to participate in the discussions actively. 
預期每週課後學習時數
 
Office Hours
 
參考書目
待補 
指定閱讀
待補 
評量方式
(僅供參考)
   
課程進度
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日期
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