課程資訊
課程名稱
可刑罰性專題研究三
Seminal on Criminal Culpability (Ⅲ) 
開課學期
100-1 
授課對象
法律學院  法律研究所  
授課教師
黃榮堅 
課號
LAW7237 
課程識別碼
A21 M6870 
班次
 
學分
全/半年
半年 
必/選修
選修 
上課時間
星期四7,8(14:20~16:20) 
上課地點
 
備註
教室為法研4。
限碩士班以上 且 限法律學院學生(含輔系、雙修生)
總人數上限:6人 
 
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課程概述

一百學年度第一學期
課程名稱:可刑罰性專題研究
任課老師:黃榮堅教授
一、課程內容:國家犯罪與國家道德

根據罪刑法定主義,犯罪的確認,直接依據在於國家所制訂的刑法。同時基於國家法律的一體性,其他法律亦為解釋刑法時不可抵觸的實證標準。一言蔽之,犯罪的確認權在於國家。然而,所謂國家之行為,事實上畢竟是人的行為,因此關於犯罪之確認,事實上也不免受制於立法者、司法者,亦即整體而言,執政者私人的利益立場。姑且不論,在適用法律的層次上,國家司法或行政機關擁有終局的決定權,更根本的是,基於民主體制之三權分立原則,不管對錯,國家可以透過立法工程宰制一切可能的對於正義的解釋空間。承此,不但在概念上,國家當然不會構成犯罪,對於執政層次之個人而言,除非其個人利益抵觸執政集團之利益(例如選票),否則也在國家立法以及國家司法的庇蔭下,事實上免疫於犯罪概念的糾纏。
1. 國家的形成與意義
2. 新自由主義底下的國家概念
3. 警政署長等圓山飯店事件涉嫌強制案簽結(台北地檢署97他字第10807號)
4. 上揚唱片行事件不起訴處分(台北地檢署98年度偵字第5037、5193、5194、5195號)
5. ECFA公投審議與妨害投票罪
6. 幽靈人口與妨害投票結果正確罪
7. 政見詐欺、「政策賄選」與妨害投票結果正確罪
8. 國家機關媒體廣告(國家行政資源)之正當性及圖利罪
9. 22K薪資補貼政策與圖利罪
10. 塑化劑濫用與廢弛職務罪
11. 江國慶誤判之刑事責任問題
12. 菲律賓遣送台籍嫌犯至中國之法律意義評析
13. 國家責任意義下的遺棄罪評述
14. 亞當史密斯的道德情感論
15. 道德述句與法律解釋的關係
16. Posner的道德教育觀點
17. 「法律人倫理」的意義

Graduate Institute of Law- Fall 2011
Subject: Seminar on Criminal Culpability

Instructor: Professor Huang, Jung-Chien

Syllabus

Topic: The research on state crimes and state morality

According to “Nulla Poena sine Lege”, crime is directly identified and confirmed by the criminal law enacted by the Parliament. Meanwhile, for the integrity of the legal system, other laws should be treated as positive standards with which shall not be contradicted when we interpret the criminal law. In a word, the power to confirm a crime is controlled by the State. However, the so-called state action is in reality a human behavior. Therefore, the confirmation of a crime cannot help but be constrained by the personal interests of legislators and judges, or even the interests of the administration. Even if we put aside the fact that the administration or the judicial system owns the final decision-making power regarding the application of law, a more fundamental question is, the State dominates the interpretation of justice by legislation. Therefore, not only the state will not commit a crime theoretically. Any individual who is in power is also immune to be accused of committing crimes under the protection of the legislation and the judicial system, unless her/his personal interest contradicts to the interests of the administration.

1. The State: its nature, development and prospects;
2. The concept of the State under neoliberalism;
3. The administrative closure of the charge against the Director of National Policy Agency being for committing Crime of Coercion in the “Grand Hotel event.”(Taipei District Prosecutor Office’s TA case no. 10807 in 2008);
4. The non-prosecutorial disposition for the “Shang-Yang Record Store event” (Taipei District Prosecutor Office’s ZHEN case no. 5037,5193,5194,and 5195 in 2009);
5. The referendum review for ECFA and Offences of Interference with Voting;
6. Unregistered residents and Offences of Interference with Voting;
7. Policy fraud, “Policy Vote Buying” and Offences of Interference with Voting;
8. Legitimacy of governmental embedded TV advertisements and Crimes for Profit;
9. The policy of 22k Wage subsidies and Crime for Profit;
10. Plasticizer abuse and Offences of Malfeasance in Office;
11. The criminal liability of the miscarriage of justice in the case of air force serviceman Chiang Kuo-ching;
12. The legal meaning of the news which Philippine repatriated Taiwanese suspects to China;
13. Offences of Abandonment under national liability;
14. Adam Smith's theory of moral sentiments.
15. The relation between a moral statement and a legal interpretation
16. The perspective of moral education from Posner.
17. The meaning of legal ethics. 

課程目標
法律理論及其周邊的社會理論,意義固然在於揭穿與矯正執政者藉國家之名巧取特定私人或特定階層利益,但是諷刺的是,短期而言,此等正義理論的效益事實上取決於執政者對於其私人利益的讓步,因此社會正義越需要理論支援的時候,理論的效益越是趨近於零。到最後,理論只能在一個角度上有其殘存的的意義,亦即教育。當然,與上述問題所呈現相同的困境是,國家體制下的教育工程畢竟還是會回到執政者個人利益的考量。因此,國家體制下的公民教育,功效有限。也難怪,最後一個浪漫的訴求依然是道德教育。

Legal theories and their relevant social theories are all intended to correct and prevent those in power from defending particular private or class interests. Ironically, in the short term, the effectiveness of justice theories actually depends much on the concessions those in power make on their private interests. That is to say, the more social justice needs a theory to support, the less the effectiveness of this theory is. In the end, the theory remains meaningful only for educational purpose. Of course, the dilemma presented in the above-mentioned problem is that the national educational system will in line with the personal interests of those in power. Thus, the effectiveness of the public education system is limited. No wonder that the last romantic solution is still the moral education. 
課程要求
成績評量
(口頭及書面)報告占百分之六十,上課及參與其他報告題目之討論狀況占百分之四十。

備註:計入刑事法學組、公法學組及基礎法學組學分。

Evaluation

Students’ evaluation will depend on (oral and written) papers presented by students and (60%) and their class participations and discussions (40%).

Credit Requirements
This course will satisfy the credit requirements of the Division of Criminal Law, Administrative Law and Fundamental Legal Study.
 
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